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MicroRNA-154 Inhibits the Growth and Invasion of Gastric Cancer Cells by Targeting DIXDC1/WNT Signaling

Jifu Song, Zhibin Guan, Maojiang Li, Sha Sha, Chao Song, Zhiwei Gao, Yongli Zhao

Department of Radiotherapy, Qingdao Jiaozhou City Central Hospital, Jiaozhou, Shandong, P.R. China

Oncology Research 2018, 26(6), 847-856. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504017X15016337254632

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as pivotal regulators of the development and progression of gastric cancer. Studies have shown that miR-154 is a novel cancer-associated miRNA involved in various cancers. However, the role of miR-154 in gastric cancer remains unknown. Here we aimed to investigate the biological function and the potential molecular mechanism of miR-154 in gastric cancer. We found that miR-154 was significantly downregulated in gastric cancer tissues and cell lines. The overexpression of miR-154 significantly repressed the growth and invasion of gastric cancer cells. Bioinformatics analysis and Dual-Luciferase Reporter Assay data showed that miR-154 directly targeted the 3'-untranslated region of Dishevelled–Axin domain containing 1 (DIXDC1). Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analyses showed that miR-154 overexpression inhibited DIXDC1 expression. An inverse correlation of miR-154 and DIXDC1 was also demonstrated in gastric cancer specimens. Overexpression of miR-154 also significantly suppressed the activation of WNT signaling. Moreover, restoration of DIXDC1 expression significantly reversed the inhibitory effect of miR-154 overexpression on the cell proliferation, invasion, and WNT signaling in gastric cancer cells. Overall, these results suggest that miR-154 inhibits gastric cancer cell growth and invasion by targeting DIXDC1 and could serve as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of gastric cancer.

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APA Style
Song, J., Guan, Z., Li, M., Sha, S., Song, C. et al. (2018). Microrna-154 inhibits the growth and invasion of gastric cancer cells by targeting DIXDC1/WNT signaling. Oncology Research, 26(6), 847-856. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504017X15016337254632
Vancouver Style
Song J, Guan Z, Li M, Sha S, Song C, Gao Z, et al. Microrna-154 inhibits the growth and invasion of gastric cancer cells by targeting DIXDC1/WNT signaling. Oncol Res. 2018;26(6):847-856 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504017X15016337254632
IEEE Style
J. Song et al., "MicroRNA-154 Inhibits the Growth and Invasion of Gastric Cancer Cells by Targeting DIXDC1/WNT Signaling," Oncol. Res., vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 847-856. 2018. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504017X15016337254632



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