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Ailanthone Promotes Human Vestibular Schwannoma Cell Apoptosis and Autophagy by Downregulation of miR-21

Peizhen Yang*, Dezhong Sun*, Fei Jiang

* Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Linyi People’s Hospital, Linyi, Shandong, P.R. China
† Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Linyi People’s Hospital, Linyi, Shandong, P.R. China

Oncology Research 2018, 26(6), 941-948. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504018X15149775533331

Abstract

Ailanthone (AIL) is a quassinoid isolated from the traditional Chinese medicinal herb Ailanthus altissima. The antitumor activities of AIL have been reported in several cancers. The purpose of the present study was to explore the effect of AIL on vestibular schwannomas (VSs). Various concentrations of AIL (0–1 µM) were used to treat human primary VS cells, and then cell viability, proliferation, apoptosis, and autophagy were assessed. Expression of miR-21 in VS cells was altered by miRNA transfection. The functional actions of AIL on miR-21 dysregulated cells were also assessed. AIL significantly reduced the viability of VS cells, and the IC50 value was 0.48±0.023 µM. In response to 0.6 µM AIL, BrdU+ cell rate and cyclin D1 expression were reduced, apoptotic cell rate was increased, caspase 3 and caspase 9 were cleaved, Beclin-1 and LC3-II were accumulated, and p62 was downregulated. miR-21 was lowly expressed in AIL-treated cells, and AIL-induced apoptosis and autophagy were attenuated by miR-21 overexpression. In addition, AIL downregulated Ras and Raf and deactivated MEK, ERK, mTOR, and p70S6K, while the downregulation and deactivation induced by AIL were reversed by miR-21 overexpression. To conclude, AIL inhibited VS cell proliferation and induced apoptosis and autophagy. The antitumor activities of AIL in VS cells were realized possibly via downregulation of miR-21 and blocking the Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK and mTOR pathways.

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APA Style
Yang, P., Sun, D., Jiang, F. (2018). Ailanthone promotes human vestibular schwannoma cell apoptosis and autophagy by downregulation of mir-21. Oncology Research, 26(6), 941-948. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504018X15149775533331
Vancouver Style
Yang P, Sun D, Jiang F. Ailanthone promotes human vestibular schwannoma cell apoptosis and autophagy by downregulation of mir-21. Oncol Res. 2018;26(6):941-948 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504018X15149775533331
IEEE Style
P. Yang, D. Sun, and F. Jiang "Ailanthone Promotes Human Vestibular Schwannoma Cell Apoptosis and Autophagy by Downregulation of miR-21," Oncol. Res., vol. 26, no. 6, pp. 941-948. 2018. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504018X15149775533331



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