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TBK1 Inhibitor Exerts Antiproliferative Effect on Glioblastoma Multiforme Cells

Sarah A. Scuderi*, Marika Lanza*, Giovanna Casili*, Francesca Esposito, Cristina Colarossi, Dario Giuffrida, Paterniti Irene*, Salvatore Cuzzocrea*,* Emanuela Esposito*, Michela Campolo*

* Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
† IOM Ricerca Srl, Viagrande, Italy
‡ Istituto Oncologico del Mediterraneo Spa, Viagrande, Italy

Oncology Research 2020, 28(7-8), 779-790. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504021X16161478258040

Abstract

Glioma are common malignant brain tumors, among which glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) has the worst prognosis. Different studies of GBM revealed that targeting nuclear factor B (NF- B) induced an attenuation tumor proliferation and prolonged cell survival. TBK1 {TANK [TRAF (TNF (tumor-necrosis-factor) receptorassociated factor)-associated NF- B activator]-binding kinase 1} is a serine/threonine protein kinase, and it is a member of the I B kinase (IKK) family involved in NF- B pathway activation. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential effect of BX795, an inhibitor of TBK1, in an in vitro and ex vivo model of GBM. GBM cell lines (U87 and U138) and primary GBM cells were treated with different concentrations of BX795 at different time points (24, 48, and 72h) to evaluate cell viability, autophagy, inflammation, and apoptosis. Our results demonstrated that BX795 10 µM was able to reduce cell viability, showing antiproliferative effect in U87, U138, and primary GBM cells. Moreover, treatment with BX795 10 µM increased the proapoptotic proteins Bax, p53, caspase 3, and caspase 9, whereas the antiapoptotic Bcl-2 expression was reduced. Additionally, our results showed a marked decrease in autophagy following BX795 treatment, reducing Atg 7, Atg 5/12, and AKT expression. The anti-inflammatory effect of BX795 was demonstrated by a significantly reduction in NIK, IKK , and TNF- expression, accompanied by a downregulation of angiogenesis. Furthermore, in primary GBM cell, BX795 10 µM was able to reduce TBK1 pathway activation and SOX3 expression. In conclusion, these findings showed that TBK1 is involved in GBM proliferation, demonstrating that the inhibitor BX795, thanks to its abilities, could improve therapeutic strategies for GBM treatment.

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APA Style
Scuderi, S.A., Lanza, M., Casili, G., Esposito, F., Colarossi, C. et al. (2020). TBK1 inhibitor exerts antiproliferative effect on glioblastoma multiforme cells. Oncology Research, 28(7-8), 779-790. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504021X16161478258040
Vancouver Style
Scuderi SA, Lanza M, Casili G, Esposito F, Colarossi C, Giuffrida D, et al. TBK1 inhibitor exerts antiproliferative effect on glioblastoma multiforme cells. Oncol Res. 2020;28(7-8):779-790 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504021X16161478258040
IEEE Style
S.A. Scuderi et al., "TBK1 Inhibitor Exerts Antiproliferative Effect on Glioblastoma Multiforme Cells," Oncol. Res., vol. 28, no. 7-8, pp. 779-790. 2020. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504021X16161478258040



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