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Exosomal miR-1228 From Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts Promotes Cell Migration and Invasion of Osteosarcoma by Directly Targeting SCAI

Jian-Wei Wang, Xiao-Feng Wu, Xiao-Juan Gu, Xing-Hua Jiang

Department of Orthopedic, Kunshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Kunshan, Jiangsu, P.R. China

Oncology Research 2019, 27(9), 979-986. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504018X15336368805108

Abstract

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play a predominant role in regulating tumor progression. Understanding how CAFs communicate with osteosarcoma is crucial for developing novel approaches for osteosarcoma therapy. Exosomes are able to transmit messages between cells. In this study, we demonstrated that CAFs transfer exosomes to osteosarcoma cells, which promotes osteosarcoma cell migration and invasion. Using a miRNA microarray analysis, we identified 13 miRNAs that are significantly increased in exosomes derived from cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and corresponding paracancer fibroblasts (PAFs). In vitro studies further validated that the levels of microRNA-1228 (miR-1228) were increased in CAFs, its secreted exosomes, and in recipient osteosarcoma cells, which can downregulate endogenous SCAI mRNA and protein level in osteosarcoma. Furthermore, our findings demonstrate that SCAI was downregulated in osteosarcoma tissues. Taken together, this study provides evidence that CAF exosomal miR-1228 is able to promote osteosarcoma invasion and migration by targeting SCAI, which may represent a critical therapeutic target for osteosarcoma treatment.

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APA Style
Wang, J., Wu, X., Gu, X., Jiang, X. (2019). Exosomal mir-1228 from cancer-associated fibroblasts promotes cell migration and invasion of osteosarcoma by directly targeting SCAI. Oncology Research, 27(9), 979-986. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504018X15336368805108
Vancouver Style
Wang J, Wu X, Gu X, Jiang X. Exosomal mir-1228 from cancer-associated fibroblasts promotes cell migration and invasion of osteosarcoma by directly targeting SCAI. Oncol Res. 2019;27(9):979-986 https://doi.org/10.3727/096504018X15336368805108
IEEE Style
J. Wang, X. Wu, X. Gu, and X. Jiang "Exosomal miR-1228 From Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts Promotes Cell Migration and Invasion of Osteosarcoma by Directly Targeting SCAI," Oncol. Res., vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 979-986. 2019. https://doi.org/10.3727/096504018X15336368805108



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