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Metabolic Profiling in Banana Pseudo-Stem Reveals a Diverse Set of Bioactive Compounds with Potential Nutritional and Industrial Applications

Guiming Deng1,2,3, Ou Sheng1,2,3, Fangcheng Bi1,2,3, Chunyu Li1,2,3, Tongxin Dou1,2,3, Tao Dong1,2,3, Qiaosong Yang1,2,3, Huijun Gao1,2,3, Jing Liu4, Xiaohong Zhong4, Miao Peng4, Ganjun Yi1,2,3, Weidi He1,2,3, Chunhua Hu1,2,3,*
1 Institute of Fruit Tree Research, Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Guangzhou, 510640, China
2 Key Laboratory of South Subtropical Fruit Biology and Genetic Resource Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture, Guangzhou, 510640, China
3 Key Laboratory of Tropical and Subtropical Fruit Tree Research, Guangzhou, 510640, China
4 Horticulture and Landscape College, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410128, China
* Corresponding Author: Chunhua Hu. Email:

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2020, 89(4), 1101-1130. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2020.010970

Received 10 April 2020; Accepted 24 April 2020; Issue published 09 November 2020

Abstract

Banana (Musa spp.) is an ancient and popular fruit plant with highly nutritious fruit. The pseudo-stem of banana represents on average 75% of the total dry mass but its valorization as a nutritional and industrial by-product is limited. Recent advances in metabolomics have paved the way to understand and evaluate the presence of diverse sets of metabolites in different plant parts. This study aimed at exploring the diversity of primary and secondary metabolites in the banana pseudo-stem. Hereby, we identified and quantified 373 metabolites from a diverse range of classes including, alkaloids, flavonoids, lipids, phenolic acids, amino acids and its derivatives, nucleotide and its derivatives, organic acids, lignans and coumarins, tannins, and terpene using the widely-targeted metabolomics approach. Banana pseudo-stem is enriched in metabolites for utilization in the food industry (L-lysine and L-tryptophan, L-glutamic acid, Phenylalanine, Palmitoleic acid, α-Linolenic acid, and Lauric acid, and Adenine) and pharmaceutical industry (Guanosine and Cimidahurinine, Bergapten, Coumarins, Procyanidin A2, Procyanidin B1, Procyanidin B3, Procyanidin B2, and Procyanidin B4, Asiatic acid). The metabolome of banana pseudo-stem with integration across multiomics data may provide the opportunity to exploit the rich metabolome of banana pseudo-stem for industrial and nutritional applications.

Keywords

Banana pseudo-stem; widely-targeted metabolomics; alkaloids; crop waste valorization

Cite This Article

Deng, G., Sheng, O., Bi, F., Li, C., Dou, T. et al. (2020). Metabolic Profiling in Banana Pseudo-Stem Reveals a Diverse Set of Bioactive Compounds with Potential Nutritional and Industrial Applications. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 89(4), 1101–1130.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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