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Effect of Putrescine on Low-Temperature Acclimation in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Muslum S. Inal1,2, Dilek Unal1,*, Bengu Turkyilmaz Unal3,*, Munir Ozturk4

1 Molecular Biology and Genetics Department, Faculty of Science and Letter, Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University, Bilecik, 11230, Turkey
2 Biotechnology Application and Research Center, Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University, Bilecik, 11230, Turkey
3 Biotechnology Department, Art and Sciences Faculty, Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Niğde, 51240, Turkey
4 Botany Department, Centre for Environmental Studies, Ege University, Izmir, 35100, Turkey

* Corresponding Authors: Dilek Unal. Email: email; Bengu Turkyilmaz Unal. Email: email

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2022, 91(3), 583-598.


Putrescine is reported to be necessary for cold acclimation under low-temperature stress. In this study, the effect of low-temperature on some physiological and biochemical parameters has been investigated using the green algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The lipid peroxidation rate, amount of Rubisco protein, activities of antioxidant enzymes and gene expression of polyamine biosynthesis (odc2, and spd1), heat shock proteins (hsp70c, hsp90a, and hsp90c), and PSII repair mechanisms (psba, rep27, and tba1) were determined to understand the low-temperature response. Exogenous putrescine application significantly increased Rubisco protein concentration and catalase enzyme activities under low-temperature stress. Moreover, real-time RT-PCR results and gene expression analysis showed that polyamine metabolism induced gene expression at low-temperatures in the first 24 h. In the same way, the gene expression of heat shock proteins (hsp70c, hsp90a, and hsp90c) decreased under low-temperature treatment for 72 h; however, application of putrescine enhanced the gene expression in the first 24 h. The results obtained indicated that molecular response in the first 24 h could be important for cold acclimation. The psba and tba1 expressions were reduced under low-temperatures depending on the exposure time. In contrast, the exogenous putrescine enhanced the expression level of the psba response to low-temperature at 24 and 72 h. The results obtained in this study indicate that putrescine could play a role in the PS II repair mechanisms under low-temperature stress.


Cite This Article

Inal, M. S., Unal, D., Unal, B. T., Ozturk, M. (2022). Effect of Putrescine on Low-Temperature Acclimation in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 91(3), 583–598.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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