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Tissue Culture of Calla Lily (Zantedeschia spreng.): An Updated Review on the Present Scenario and Future Prospects

Xuan Sun1,2, Xue Wang1, Bijaya Sharma Subedi3, Yin Jiang1,2, Di Wang1,2, Rongxin Gou1,2, Guojun Zhang2, Wenting Xu4,*, Zunzheng Wei1,*

1 Institute of Grassland, Flowers and Ecology, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing, 100097, China
2 College of Horticultural Science & Technology, Hebei Key Laboratory of Horticultural Germplasm Excavation and Innovative Utilization, Hebei Normal University of Science & Technology, Qinhuangdao, 066004, China
3 Department of Agroecology and Plant Health, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, 7610001, Israel
4 Zhejiang Institute of Landscape Plants and Flowers, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou, 311251, China

* Corresponding Authors: Wenting Xu. Email: email; Zunzheng Wei. Email: email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Tree Somatic Embryogenesis and Application)

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2023, 92(8), 2413-2428. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.029667

Abstract

The calla lily (Zantedeschia spreng.) is a bulbous flower native to the tropical regions of Africa. Calla lily has gained significant popularity in the international market owing to its intricate morphology and prolonged flowering duration. Despite such advantages, for two sub-groups of calla lily, known as group Zantedeschia and group Aestivae, there are challenges in terms of hybrid production due to the ‘plastome-genome incompatibility’ therebetween. Tissue culture is a fundamental biotechnological tool used in gene editing research, with a focus on disease resistance and flower color in calla lily breeding programs. The present review provides a brief background on the history and development of the calla lily, as well as a comprehensive and critical summary of calla lily tissue culture research. The regeneration pathways for both group Zantedeschia and group Aestivae can be divided into de novo organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis. Both groups are capable of obtaining replants through such means. However, only some species in group Aestivae have been reported to be successful in the somatic embryogenesis pathway. In the present review, special attention was paid to the influence of explant types, plant growth regulators, and culture conditions on both de novo organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis in calla lily tissue culture. Ultimately, future research prospects were determined based on integrated analysis of recent progress in calla lily tissue culture research.

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APA Style
Sun, X., Wang, X., Subedi, B.S., Jiang, Y., Wang, D. et al. (2023). Tissue culture of calla lily (zantedeschia spreng.): an updated review on the present scenario and future prospects. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 92(8), 2413-2428. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.029667
Vancouver Style
Sun X, Wang X, Subedi BS, Jiang Y, Wang D, Gou R, et al. Tissue culture of calla lily (zantedeschia spreng.): an updated review on the present scenario and future prospects. Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2023;92(8):2413-2428 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.029667
IEEE Style
X. Sun et al., "Tissue Culture of Calla Lily (Zantedeschia spreng.): An Updated Review on the Present Scenario and Future Prospects," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 92, no. 8, pp. 2413-2428. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2023.029667



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