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Preparation of Tartary Buckwheat Seed Coating Agent and Its Effect on Germination

Xin Zou1, Jieyu Zhang1, Ting Cheng1, Yangyang Guo1, Xiao Han1, Han Liu1, Yuxing Qin1, Jie Li2, Dabing Xiang1,*

1 Key Laboratory of Coarse Cereal Processing, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Food and Biological Engineering, Chengdu University, Chengdu, 610106, China
2 Agricultural Service Center, People’s Government of Yanglu Town, Yunyang County, Chongqing, 404512, China

* Corresponding Author: Dabing Xiang. Email: email

Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany 2024, 93(4), 699-712. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.048469

Abstract

To mitigate the wastage of seed resources and reduce the usage of pesticides and fertilizers, seed coating agents have gained popularity. This study employs single-factor and multi-index orthogonal experimental design methods to investigate the seed coating formula and physical properties of Tartary buckwheat. The specific effects of each component on Tartary buckwheat seed germination are analyzed. The findings reveal that the seed coating agent formulated with 1.5% polyvinyl alcohol, 0.15% sodium alginate, 0.2% op-10, 0.1% polyacrylamide, 8% colorant, 3% ammonium sulfate, 1% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, and 0.15% carbendazim exhibits the most effective coating. It demonstrates optimal physical properties and promotes seed germination efficiently. The suspension rate of this seed coating agent reaches 91.12%, with a mere 2.13% coating shedding rate and 2.5% coating seed rot rate. Furthermore, it achieves a germination percentage of 99.17%, which is 20.84% higher than the lowest group. The germination potential and index are also significantly higher than the lowest group, with an increase of 20.84% and 26.56%, respectively. Additionally, the vitality index is 553.08, a 15.75% increase compared to the lowest group. The application of seed coating agents helps reduce seed resource loss, increase plant numbers, and ultimately enhance agricultural yields. This finding holds practical significance in agricultural production.

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APA Style
Zou, X., Zhang, J., Cheng, T., Guo, Y., Han, X. et al. (2024). Preparation of tartary buckwheat seed coating agent and its effect on germination. Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, 93(4), 699-712. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.048469
Vancouver Style
Zou X, Zhang J, Cheng T, Guo Y, Han X, Liu H, et al. Preparation of tartary buckwheat seed coating agent and its effect on germination. Phyton-Int J Exp Bot. 2024;93(4):699-712 https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.048469
IEEE Style
X. Zou et al., "Preparation of Tartary Buckwheat Seed Coating Agent and Its Effect on Germination," Phyton-Int. J. Exp. Bot., vol. 93, no. 4, pp. 699-712. 2024. https://doi.org/10.32604/phyton.2024.048469



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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