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  • Open Access


    LSDA-APF: A Local Obstacle Avoidance Algorithm for Unmanned Surface Vehicles Based on 5G Communication Environment

    Xiaoli Li, Tongtong Jiao#, Jinfeng Ma, Dongxing Duan, Shengbin Liang#,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.1, pp. 595-617, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029367

    Abstract In view of the complex marine environment of navigation, especially in the case of multiple static and dynamic obstacles, the traditional obstacle avoidance algorithms applied to unmanned surface vehicles (USV) are prone to fall into the trap of local optimization. Therefore, this paper proposes an improved artificial potential field (APF) algorithm, which uses 5G communication technology to communicate between the USV and the control center. The algorithm introduces the USV discrimination mechanism to avoid the USV falling into local optimization when the USV encounter different obstacles in different scenarios. Considering the various scenarios between the… More > Graphic Abstract

    LSDA-APF: A Local Obstacle Avoidance Algorithm for Unmanned Surface Vehicles Based on 5G Communication Environment

  • Open Access


    Reconfigurable Logic Design of CORDIC Based FFT Architecture for 5G Communications

    C. Thiruvengadam1,*, M. Palanivelan2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 2803-2818, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.030493

    Abstract There are numerous goals in next-generation cellular networks (5G), which is expected to be available soon. They want to increase data rates, reduce end-to-end latencies, and improve end-user service quality. Modern networks need to change because there has been a significant rise in the number of base stations required to meet these needs and put the operators’ low-cost constraints to the test. Because it can withstand interference from other wireless networks, and Adaptive Complex Multicarrier Modulation (ACMM) system is being looked at as a possible choice for the 5th Generation (5G) of wireless networks. Many… More >

  • Open Access


    A 37 GHz Millimeter-Wave Antenna Array for 5G Communication Terminals

    Jalal Khan1, Sadiq Ullah1,*, Usman Ali1, Ladislau Matekovits2,3,4, Farooq Ahmad Tahir5, Muhammad Inam Abbasi6

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.1, pp. 1317-1330, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.029879

    Abstract This work presents, design and specific absorption rate (SAR) analysis of a 37 GHz antenna, for 5th Generation (5G) applications. The proposed antenna comprises of 4-elements of rectangular patch and an even distribution. The radiating element is composed of copper material supported by Rogers RT5880 substrate of thickness, 0.254 mm, dielectric constant (εr), 2.2, and loss tangent, 0.0009. The 4-elements array antenna is compact in size with a dimension of 8 mm × 20 mm in length and width. The radiating patch is excited with a 50 ohms connector i.e., K-type. The antenna resonates in the frequency band of 37 GHz, that covers the… More >

  • Open Access


    A Constant Gain and Miniaturized Antipodal Vivaldi Antenna for 5G Communication Applications

    Amruta S. Dixit1, Sumit Kumar1,*, Shabana Urooj2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.3, pp. 4909-4921, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.027862

    Abstract This paper proposes a stable gain and a compact Antipodal Vivaldi Antenna (AVA) for a 38 GHz band of 5G communication. A novel compact AVA is designed to provide constant gain, high front to back ratio (FBR), and very high efficiency. The performance of the proposed AVA is enhanced with the help of a dielectric lens (DL) and corrugations. A rectangular-shaped DL is incorporated in conventional AVA (CAVA) to enhance its gain up to 1 dBi and the bandwidth by 1.8 GHz. Next, the rectangular corrugations are implemented in CAVA with lens (CAVA-L) to further improve the… More >

  • Open Access


    Design of a Novel THz Modulator for B5G Communication

    Omar A. Saraereh*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.1, pp. 1055-1066, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.030193

    Abstract Wireless data traffic has expanded at a rate that reminds us of Moore’s prediction for integrated circuits in recent years, necessitating ongoing attempts to supply wireless systems with ever-larger data rates in the near future, despite the under-deployment of 5G networks. Terahertz (THz) communication has been considered a viable response to communication blackout due to the rapid development of THz technology and sensors. THz communication has a high frequency, which allows for better penetration. It is a fast expanding and evolving industry, driven by an increase in wireless traffic volume and data transfer speeds. A… More >

  • Open Access


    Hardware Chip Performance of CORDIC Based OFDM Transceiver for Wireless Communication

    Amit Kumar1, Adesh Kumar2,*, Geetam Singh Tomar3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.40, No.2, pp. 645-659, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.019449

    Abstract The fourth-generation (4G) and fifth-generation (5G) wireless communication systems use the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) modulation techniques and subcarrier allocations. The OFDM modulator and demodulator have inverse fast Fourier transform (IFFT) and fast Fourier transform (FFT) respectively. The biggest challenge in IFFT/FFT processor is the computation of imaginary and real values. CORDIC has been proved one of the best rotation algorithms for logarithmic, trigonometric, and complex calculations. The proposed work focuses on the OFDM transceiver hardware chip implementation, in which 8-point to 1024-point IFFT and FFT are used to compute the operations in transmitter… More >

  • Open Access


    Quintuple Band Antenna for Wireless Applications with Small Form Factor

    Amir Haider1, Tayyaba Khan2, MuhibUr Rahman3, Byung Moo Lee1, Hyung Seok Kim1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.3, pp. 2241-2251, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.013908

    Abstract A coplanar waveguide-fed quintuple band antenna with a slotted circular-shaped radiator for wireless applications with a high isolation between adjacent bands is presented in this paper. The proposed antenna resonates at multiple frequencies with corresponding center frequencies of 2.35, 4.92, 5.75, 6.52, and 8.46 GHz. The intended functionality is achieved by introducing a circular disc radiator with five slots and a U-shaped slot in the feed. The proposed antenna exhibits coverage of the maximum set of wireless applications, such as satellite communication, worldwide interoperability for microwave access, wireless local area network (WLAN), long-distance radio telecommunications,… More >

  • Open Access


    A High Gain, Noise Cancelling 2515-4900 MHz CMOS LNA for China Mobile 5G Communication Application

    Xiaorong Zhao1, Weili Cheng2, Hongjin Zhu1, Chunpeng Ge3, Gengyuan Zhou1, *, Zhongjun Fu1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.64, No.2, pp. 1139-1151, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.010220

    Abstract With the development of the times, people’s requirements for communication technology are becoming higher and higher. 4G communication technology has been unable to meet development needs, and 5G communication technology has emerged as the times require. This article proposes the design of a low-noise amplifier (LNA) that will be used in the 5G band of China Mobile Communications. A low noise amplifier for mobile 5G communication is designed based on Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) 0.13 μm Radio Frequency (RF) Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS) process. The LNA employs self-cascode devices in currentreuse configuration to… More >

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