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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Biomass Carbon Improves the Adsorption Performance of Gangue-Based Ceramsites: Adsorption Kinetics and Mechanism Analysis

    Haodong Li1, Huiling Du1,*, Le Kang1, Yewen Zhang1, Tong Lu1, Yuchan Zhang1, Lan Yang2, Shijie Song2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.12, pp. 4161-4174, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.028877

    Abstract The large accumulation of coal gangue, a common industrial solid waste, causes severe environmental problems, and green development strategies are required to transform this waste into high-value-added products. In this study, low-cost ceramsites adsorbents were prepared from waste gangue, silt coal, and peanut shells and applied to remove the organic dye methylene blue from wastewater. We investigated the microstructure of ceramsites and the effects of the sintering atmosphere, sintering temperature, and solution pH on their adsorption performance. The ceramsites sintered at 800°C under a nitrogen atmosphere exhibited the largest three-dimensional-interconnected hierarchical porous structure among the prepared ceramsites; further, it exhibited… More > Graphic Abstract

    Biomass Carbon Improves the Adsorption Performance of Gangue-Based Ceramsites: Adsorption Kinetics and Mechanism Analysis

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fluoride Ion Adsorption Effect and Adsorption Mechanism of Self-Supported Adsorbent Materials Based on Desulfurization Gypsum-Aluminate Cement

    Xuefeng Song*, Minjuan Sun, Juan He, Lei Wang

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.12, pp. 4079-4095, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.028885

    Abstract The adsorption method has the advantages of low cost, high efficiency, and environmental friendliness in treating fluorinated wastewater, and the adsorbent material is the key. This study combines the inherent anion-exchange adsorption properties of layered double hydroxides (LDHs). Self-supported porous adsorbent materials loaded with AFm and AFt were prepared from a composite cementitious system consisting of calcium aluminate cement (CAC) and flue gas desulfurization gypsum (FGDG) by chemical foaming technique. The mineral composition of the adsorbent material was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Through the static adsorption experiment, the adsorption effect of the mineral composition… More > Graphic Abstract

    Fluoride Ion Adsorption Effect and Adsorption Mechanism of Self-Supported Adsorbent Materials Based on Desulfurization Gypsum-Aluminate Cement

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Silica Gel from Chemical Glass Bottle Waste as Adsorbent for Methylene Blue: Optimization Using BBD

    Suprapto Suprapto, Putri Augista Nur Azizah, Yatim Lailun Ni’mah*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.12, pp. 4007-4023, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.031210

    Abstract This research focuses on the effective removal of methylene blue dye using silica gel synthesized from chemical glass bottle waste as an environmentally friendly and cost-effective adsorbent. The adsorption process was optimized using Box-Behnken Design (BBD) and Response Surface Methodology (RSM) to investigate the influence of pH (6; 8 and 10), contact time (15; 30 and 45 min), adsorbent mass (30; 50 and 70 mg), and initial concentration (20; 50 and 80 mg/L) of the adsorbate on the adsorption efficiency. The BBD was conducted using Google Colaboratory software, which encompassed 27 experiments with randomly assigned combinations. The silica gel synthesized… More > Graphic Abstract

    Silica Gel from Chemical Glass Bottle Waste as Adsorbent for Methylene Blue: Optimization Using BBD

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of CH4 and H2 Adsorption on Heterogeneous Shale Surfaces Using a Molecular Dynamics Approach

    Surajudeen Sikiru1,*, Hassan Soleimani2, Amir Rostami1, Mohammed Falalu Hamza1,3, Lukmon Owolabi Afolabi4

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.1, pp. 31-44, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.029281

    Abstract Determining the adsorption of shale gas on complex surfaces remains a challenge in molecular simulation studies. Difficulties essentially stem from the need to create a realistic shale structure model in terms of mineral heterogeneity and multiplicity. Moreover, precise characterization of the competitive adsorption of hydrogen and methane in shale generally requires the experimental determination of the related adsorptive capacity. In this study, the adsorption of adsorbates, methane (CH4), and hydrogen (H2) on heterogeneous shale surface models of Kaolinite, Orthoclase, Muscovite, Mica, C60, and Butane has been simulated in the frame of a molecular dynamic’s numerical technique. The results show that… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Malachite Green Adsorption Using Carbon-Based and Non-Conventional Adsorbent Made from Biowaste and Biomass: A Review

    Annisa Ardiyanti, Suprapto Suprapto, Yatim Lailun Ni’mah*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.11, pp. 3789-3806, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.031354

    Abstract Dyes are pervasive contaminants in wastewater, posing significant health risks to both humans and animals. Among the various methods employed for effective dye removal, adsorption has emerged as a highly promising approach due to its notable advantages, including high efficiency, cost-effectiveness, low energy consumption, and operational simplicity compared to alternative treatments. This comprehensive review focuses on investigating adsorbents derived from biowastes and biomass, specifically carbon-based and non-conventional adsorbents, for the removal of malachite green, a widely used dye known for its toxic and carcinogenic properties. Carbon-based adsorbents encompass two main types: activated carbon and biochar, while non-conventional adsorbents refer to… More > Graphic Abstract

    Malachite Green Adsorption Using Carbon-Based and Non-Conventional Adsorbent Made from Biowaste and Biomass: A Review

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Low-Velocity Impact Response of Sandwich Composite Panels with Shear Stiffening Gel Filled Honeycomb Cores

    Gaojian Lin11,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.26, No.3, pp. 1-2, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09075

    Abstract Over decades, sandwich composite panels (SCPs) have been widely used to fabricate lightweight but strong structural components. However, composite sandwich structures are susceptible to impact damage, which may severely reduce the structural stiffness, stability, and load-carrying capacity[1, 2]. In order to enhance the anti-impact capacity of SCPs, a series of novel core structures[3-5] and filling materials[6-8] have been proposed and tested. One of them is the shear thickening fluids (STFs), which mechanical behavior changed from liquid to solid when subjected to high strain rate shear loading[7, 9]. For example, Fu et al.[10] filled the honeycomb cores of Carbon fiber reinforced… More >

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Ultrafast Adsorption of Tiny Oil Droplets Within Water by Superhydrophobic-Superoleophilic Conical Micro-arrays

    Yunyun Song1, Xu Zhang1, Jialei Yang1, Zhongqiang Zhang1,*, Guanggui Cheng1

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.25, No.2, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09916

    Abstract Although floating oil with large particle sizes can easily be separated from water by membrane separation methods, tiny oil droplets with tremendously small volume force and density gradient at oil-water interfaces within water lead to barriers of oil-water separation. Consequently, tiny oil droplets remain in the water, resulting in energy waste, environmental pollution and biological health hazard. Traditional super-wetting membranes with extremely small pore sizes were easily blocked during the oil-water separation process. Inspired by the cactus and rice leaf, we developed a superhydrophobic-superoleophilic surface with conical micro-arrays to realize ultrafast adsorption of tiny oil droplets within the water. The… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Preparation of Iron-Pillared Bentonite/Oyster Shell Composite and Phosphate Adsorption in Water

    Zhijian Zhou1, Jie Yan1,*, Xinxiang Du1, Qiulin Xu1, Zijun Wu2, Jinlan Yang3, Xitong Fang1, Qiuling Zhong2, Qiaoguang Li1,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.9, pp. 3501-3515, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.027852

    Abstract Iron-pillared bentonite (FB) was prepared by Fe(III) modified bentonite, and then the composites (FB-OS) were prepared by iron-pillared bentonite and oyster shell powder. The composites were characterized by FTIR, SEM, TGA, and EDS, and the phosphorus removal test was carried out. The results showed that FB-OS contained a large amount of CaO. Its structure was compact, but there were gaps in it. The maximum bending stress and compressive strength were 43.7 N and 0.927 MPa, respectively. The phosphorus removal test showed that the phosphorus removal rate of FB-OS was more than 90%, and measured the maximum adsorption capacity was 48.31… More > Graphic Abstract

    Preparation of Iron-Pillared Bentonite/Oyster Shell Composite and Phosphate Adsorption in Water

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    POWER LOSS IN MULTISCALE MASS TRANSFER

    Yongbin Zhang*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.13, pp. 1-4, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.13.22

    Abstract The power loss is calculated by a multiscale approach in the pressure driven mass transfer in a micro slit pore where there are the physical adsorbed layers respectively on the coupled walls and intermediate between them is a continuum fluid flow. The flow factor approach model for nanoscale flow is taken to simulate the flow of the adsorbed layer, and conventional hydrodynamic flow theory models the continuum fluid flow. The calculation shows that the adsorbed layer on the wall surface can have a very significant effect on the power loss in this multiscale mass transfer, and it can greatly reduce… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Preparation of Peanut Shell Cellulose Double-Network Hydrogel and Its Adsorption Capacity for Methylene Blue

    Yalin Li1,*, Lei Liu1, Wenbao Huang1, Junpu Xie2, Zhaoxia Song1, Shuna Guo1, Enci Wang1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.7, pp. 3001-3023, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.026604

    Abstract To achieve optimal recovery and value-added utilisation of cellulose in peanut shells, the cellulose in peanut shells was first extracted using the sodium hydroxide-sodium chlorite method. Then, cellulose hydrogel was prepared by graft copolymerisation using N, N’-methylenebisacrylamide as the cross-linking agent, sodium persulfate as the initiator, and acrylic acid as the monomer. Orthogonal optimisation experiments were designed to obtain optimal process parameters for hydrogel preparation with the cellulose dosage of 0.40 g, initiator dosage of 0.20 g, polymerisation temperature of 70°C, cross-linking agent of 0.25 g, and monomer dosage of 3.0 mL. The effect of initiator dosage on hydrogel synthesis was… More > Graphic Abstract

    Preparation of Peanut Shell Cellulose Double-Network Hydrogel and Its Adsorption Capacity for Methylene Blue

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