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  • Open Access


    Elevating Image Steganography: A Fusion of MSB Matching and LSB Substitution for Enhanced Concealment Capabilities

    Muhammad Zaman Ali1, Omer Riaz1, Hafiz Muhammad Hasnain2, Waqas Sharif2, Tenvir Ali2, Gyu Sang Choi3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2923-2943, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049139

    Abstract In today’s rapidly evolving landscape of communication technologies, ensuring the secure delivery of sensitive data has become an essential priority. To overcome these difficulties, different steganography and data encryption methods have been proposed by researchers to secure communications. Most of the proposed steganography techniques achieve higher embedding capacities without compromising visual imperceptibility using LSB substitution. In this work, we have an approach that utilizes a combination of Most Significant Bit (MSB) matching and Least Significant Bit (LSB) substitution. The proposed algorithm divides confidential messages into pairs of bits and connects them with the MSBs of… More >

  • Open Access


    YOLO-MFD: Remote Sensing Image Object Detection with Multi-Scale Fusion Dynamic Head

    Zhongyuan Zhang, Wenqiu Zhu*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2547-2563, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048755

    Abstract Remote sensing imagery, due to its high altitude, presents inherent challenges characterized by multiple scales, limited target areas, and intricate backgrounds. These inherent traits often lead to increased miss and false detection rates when applying object recognition algorithms tailored for remote sensing imagery. Additionally, these complexities contribute to inaccuracies in target localization and hinder precise target categorization. This paper addresses these challenges by proposing a solution: The YOLO-MFD model (YOLO-MFD: Remote Sensing Image Object Detection with Multi-scale Fusion Dynamic Head). Before presenting our method, we delve into the prevalent issues faced in remote sensing imagery… More >

  • Open Access


    FusionNN: A Semantic Feature Fusion Model Based on Multimodal for Web Anomaly Detection

    Li Wang1,2,3,*, Mingshan Xia1,2,*, Hao Hu1, Jianfang Li1,2, Fengyao Hou1,2, Gang Chen1,2,3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2991-3006, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048637

    Abstract With the rapid development of the mobile communication and the Internet, the previous web anomaly detection and identification models were built relying on security experts’ empirical knowledge and attack features. Although this approach can achieve higher detection performance, it requires huge human labor and resources to maintain the feature library. In contrast, semantic feature engineering can dynamically discover new semantic features and optimize feature selection by automatically analyzing the semantic information contained in the data itself, thus reducing dependence on prior knowledge. However, current semantic features still have the problem of semantic expression singularity, as… More >

  • Open Access


    Fusion of Spiral Convolution-LSTM for Intrusion Detection Modeling

    Fei Wang, Zhen Dong*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 2315-2329, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048443

    Abstract Aiming at the problems of low accuracy and slow convergence speed of current intrusion detection models, SpiralConvolution is combined with Long Short-Term Memory Network to construct a new intrusion detection model. The dataset is first preprocessed using solo thermal encoding and normalization functions. Then the spiral convolution-Long Short-Term Memory Network model is constructed, which consists of spiral convolution, a two-layer long short-term memory network, and a classifier. It is shown through experiments that the model is characterized by high accuracy, small model computation, and fast convergence speed relative to previous deep learning models. The model More >

  • Open Access


    Enhancing Deep Learning Semantics: The Diffusion Sampling and Label-Driven Co-Attention Approach

    Chunhua Wang1,2, Wenqian Shang1,2,*, Tong Yi3,*, Haibin Zhu4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 1939-1956, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048135

    Abstract The advent of self-attention mechanisms within Transformer models has significantly propelled the advancement of deep learning algorithms, yielding outstanding achievements across diverse domains. Nonetheless, self-attention mechanisms falter when applied to datasets with intricate semantic content and extensive dependency structures. In response, this paper introduces a Diffusion Sampling and Label-Driven Co-attention Neural Network (DSLD), which adopts a diffusion sampling method to capture more comprehensive semantic information of the data. Additionally, the model leverages the joint correlation information of labels and data to introduce the computation of text representation, correcting semantic representation biases in the data, and More >

  • Open Access


    Enhanced Object Detection and Classification via Multi-Method Fusion

    Muhammad Waqas Ahmed1, Nouf Abdullah Almujally2, Abdulwahab Alazeb3, Asaad Algarni4, Jeongmin Park5,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 3315-3331, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.046501

    Abstract Advances in machine vision systems have revolutionized applications such as autonomous driving, robotic navigation, and augmented reality. Despite substantial progress, challenges persist, including dynamic backgrounds, occlusion, and limited labeled data. To address these challenges, we introduce a comprehensive methodology to enhance image classification and object detection accuracy. The proposed approach involves the integration of multiple methods in a complementary way. The process commences with the application of Gaussian filters to mitigate the impact of noise interference. These images are then processed for segmentation using Fuzzy C-Means segmentation in parallel with saliency mapping techniques to find… More >

  • Open Access


    A Multi-Constraint Path Optimization Scheme Based on Information Fusion in Software Defined Network

    Jinlin Xu1,2, Wansu Pan1,*, Longle Cheng1,2, Haibo Tan1,2, Munan Yuan1,*, Xiaofeng Li1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1399-1418, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049622

    Abstract The existing multipath routing in Software Defined Network (SDN) is relatively blind and inefficient, and there is a lack of cooperation between the terminal and network sides, making it difficult to achieve dynamic adaptation of service requirements and network resources. To address these issues, we propose a multi-constraint path optimization scheme based on information fusion in SDN. The proposed scheme collects network topology and network state information on the network side and computes disjoint paths between end hosts. It uses the Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process (FAHP) to calculate the weight coefficients of multiple constrained parameters… More >

  • Open Access


    Research on Driver’s Fatigue Detection Based on Information Fusion

    Meiyan Zhang1, Boqi Zhao1, Jipu Li2, Qisong Wang1,*, Dan Liu1, Jinwei Sun1, Jingxiao Liao1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1039-1061, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048643

    Abstract Driving fatigue is a physiological phenomenon that often occurs during driving. After the driver enters a fatigued state, the attention is lax, the response is slow, and the ability to deal with emergencies is significantly reduced, which can easily cause traffic accidents. Therefore, studying driver fatigue detection methods is significant in ensuring safe driving. However, the fatigue state of actual drivers is easily interfered with by the external environment (glasses and light), which leads to many problems, such as weak reliability of fatigue driving detection. Moreover, fatigue is a slow process, first manifested in physiological… More >

  • Open Access


    A Deep Learning Framework for Mass-Forming Chronic Pancreatitis and Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Classification Based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    Luda Chen1, Kuangzhu Bao2, Ying Chen2, Jingang Hao2,*, Jianfeng He1,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 409-427, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048507

    Abstract Pancreatic diseases, including mass-forming chronic pancreatitis (MFCP) and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), present with similar imaging features, leading to diagnostic complexities. Deep Learning (DL) methods have been shown to perform well on diagnostic tasks. Existing DL pancreatic lesion diagnosis studies based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) utilize the prior information to guide models to focus on the lesion region. However, over-reliance on prior information may ignore the background information that is helpful for diagnosis. This study verifies the diagnostic significance of the background information using a clinical dataset. Consequently, the Prior Difference Guidance Network (PDGNet)… More >

  • Open Access


    Infrared and Visible Image Fusion Based on Res2Net-Transformer Automatic Encoding and Decoding

    Chunming Wu1, Wukai Liu2,*, Xin Ma3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1441-1461, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048136

    Abstract A novel image fusion network framework with an autonomous encoder and decoder is suggested to increase the visual impression of fused images by improving the quality of infrared and visible light picture fusion. The network comprises an encoder module, fusion layer, decoder module, and edge improvement module. The encoder module utilizes an enhanced Inception module for shallow feature extraction, then combines Res2Net and Transformer to achieve deep-level co-extraction of local and global features from the original picture. An edge enhancement module (EEM) is created to extract significant edge features. A modal maximum difference fusion strategy More >

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