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  • Open Access


    A Model for Selecting a Biomass Furnace Supplier Based on Qualitative and Quantitative Factors

    Chia-Nan Wang1, Hsin-Pin Fu2, Hsien-Pin Hsu3,*, Van Thanh Nguyen4, Viet Tinh Nguyen4, Ansari Saleh Ahmar5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.2, pp. 2339-2353, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016284

    Abstract In developing countries, solar energy is the largest source of energy, accounting for 35%–45% of the total energy supply. This energy resource plays a vital role in meeting the energy needs of the world, especially in Vietnam. Vietnam has favorable natural conditions for this energy production. Because it is hot and humid, and it has much rainfall and fertile soil, biomass develops very quickly. Therefore, byproducts from agriculture and forestry are abundant and continuously increasing. However, byproducts that are considered natural waste have become the cause of environmental pollution; these include burning forests, straw, and… More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Automatic Meal Delivery System

    Jhe-Wei Lin1, Cheng-Yan Siao1, Ting-Hsuan Chien2,*, Rong-Guey Chang1

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.29, No.3, pp. 685-695, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.018254

    Abstract Since the rapid growth of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (or Industry 4.0), robots have been widely used in many applications. In the catering industry, robots are used to replace people to do routine jobs. Because meal is an important part of the catering industry, we aim to design and develop a robot to deliver meals for saving cost and improving a restaurant’s performance in this paper. However, for the existing meal delivery system, the guests must make their meals by themselves. To let the food delivery system become more user-friendly, we integrate an automatic guided… More >

  • Open Access


    An Efficient Medium Access Control Mechanism for Flying Ad-hoc Networks

    Muhammad Asghar Khan1,*, Fazal Noor2, Insaf Ullah3, Sajjad ur Rehman4, Shibli Nisar5, Mohaira Ahmad5

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.38, No.1, pp. 47-63, 2021, DOI:10.32604/csse.2021.016430

    Abstract The Flying Ad-hoc Networks (FANETs) is characterized by the transition from a single large Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) to multiple small UAVs connected in an ad-hoc fashion. Since high mobility is the core feature of such networks, they are prone to route breaks within the links. The issue of connectivity loss can be coped with, to some extent, by making use of omnidirectional antennas. Such modification, however, curtails Quality-of-Service (QoS) requirements of networks in terms of bandwidth, media access delay, coverage and others. Alternately, directional antennas have advantages over omnidirectional antennas such as improved transmission… More >

  • Open Access


    Cyber Security and Privacy Issues in Industrial Internet of Things

    NZ Jhanjhi1, Mamoona Humayun2,*, Saleh N. Almuayqil2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 361-380, 2021, DOI:10.32604/csse.2021.015206

    Abstract The emergence of industry 4.0 stems from research that has received a great deal of attention in the last few decades. Consequently, there has been a huge paradigm shift in the manufacturing and production sectors. However, this poses a challenge for cybersecurity and highlights the need to address the possible threats targeting (various pillars of) industry 4.0. However, before providing a concrete solution certain aspect need to be researched, for instance, cybersecurity threats and privacy issues in the industry. To fill this gap, this paper discusses potential solutions to cybersecurity targeting this industry and highlights… More >

  • Open Access


    Industry 4.0: Architecture and Equipment Revolution

    Ahmed Bashar Fakhri1, Saleem Latteef Mohammed1, Imran Khan2, Ali Safaa Sadiq3,4, Basem Alkazemi5, Prashant Pillai4, Bong Jun Choi6,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.66, No.2, pp. 1175-1194, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.012587

    Abstract The development of science and technology has led to the era of Industry 4.0. The core concept is the combination of “material and informationization”. In the supply chain and manufacturing process, the “material” of the physical entity world is realized by data, identity, intelligence, and information. Industry 4.0 is a disruptive transformation and upgrade of intelligent industrialization based on the Internet-of-Things and Big Data in traditional industrialization. The goal is “maximizing production efficiency, minimizing production costs, and maximizing the individual needs of human beings for products and services.” Achieving this goal will surely bring about More >

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