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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Exploration of Asymmetrical Impact Dynamics: Unveiling Nonlinearities in Collision Problems and Resilience of Reinforced Concrete Structures

    AL-Bukhaiti Khalil1, Yanhui Liu1,*, Shichun Zhao1, Daguang Han2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 223-254, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.044751

    Abstract This study provides a comprehensive analysis of collision and impact problems’ numerical solutions, focusing on geometric, contact, and material nonlinearities, all essential in solving large deformation problems during a collision. The initial discussion revolves around the stress and strain of large deformation during a collision, followed by explanations of the fundamental finite element solution method for addressing such issues. The hourglass mode’s control methods, such as single-point reduced integration and contact-collision algorithms are detailed and implemented within the finite element framework. The paper further investigates the dynamic response and failure modes of Reinforced Concrete (RC) members under asymmetrical impact using… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Predicting Age and Gender in Author Profiling: A Multi-Feature Exploration

    Aiman1, Muhammad Arshad1,*, Bilal Khan1, Sadique Ahmad2,*, Muhammad Asim2,3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 3333-3353, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049254

    Abstract Author Profiling (AP) is a subsection of digital forensics that focuses on the detection of the author’s personal information, such as age, gender, occupation, and education, based on various linguistic features, e.g., stylistic, semantic, and syntactic. The importance of AP lies in various fields, including forensics, security, medicine, and marketing. In previous studies, many works have been done using different languages, e.g., English, Arabic, French, etc. However, the research on Roman Urdu is not up to the mark. Hence, this study focuses on detecting the author’s age and gender based on Roman Urdu text messages. The dataset used in this… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Anemarsaponin B mitigates acute pancreatitis damage in mice through apoptosis reduction and MAPK pathway modulation

    YI HU1,#, ZHONGYANG REN2,#, ZHENGZHONG ZHAO1, YONGJIA HUANG3, WANTING HUANG3, JIE LIU3,*, LING DING3,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.48, No.5, pp. 745-758, 2024, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2024.049140

    Abstract Background: Acute pancreatitis (AP), known for its rapid onset and significant incidence and mortality rates, presents a clinical challenge due to the limited availability of effective treatments and preventive measures. Anemarsaponin B (ASB) has emerged as a potential therapeutic agent, demonstrating capabilities in reducing immune inflammation, positioning it as a promising candidate for AP treatment. Methods: We investigated the effects of ASB on AP in mice, induced by caerulein and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Peripheral blood samples were collected 24 h post-induction with caerulein to assess of key biomarkers including lipase, amylase, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, SOD, and GSH-Px. A range of techniques… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Genome-Wide Exploration of the Grape GLR Gene Family and Differential Responses of VvGLR3.1 and VvGLR3.2 to Low Temperature and Salt Stress

    Honghui Sun1,2,#, Ruichao Liu1,2,#, Yueting Qi1, Hongsheng Gao1, Xueting Wang1, Ning Jiang1,2, Xiaotong Guo1,2, Hongxia Zhang1, Chunyan Yu1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 533-549, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.049417

    Abstract Grapes, one of the oldest tree species globally, are rich in vitamins. However, environmental conditions such as low temperature and soil salinization significantly affect grape yield and quality. The glutamate receptor (GLR) family, comprising highly conserved ligand-gated ion channels, regulates plant growth and development in response to stress. In this study, 11 members of the VvGLR gene family in grapes were identified using whole-genome sequence analysis. Bioinformatic methods were employed to analyze the basic physical and chemical properties, phylogenetic trees, conserved domains, motifs, expression patterns, and evolutionary relationships. Phylogenetic and collinear analyses revealed that the VvGLRs were divided into three… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effects of Flowering Mode and Pollinator Sharing on Reproductive Success in Natural Hybrid of Two Epimedium (Berberidaceae) Species

    Lanying Chen1,2, Qiumei Quan3,*, Yunxiang Li3

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.3, pp. 551-566, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.048103

    Abstract Mediated by pollen flow, natural hybridization is deemed a crucial factor that propels speciation in floral plants. Despite the fact that the diversity of Epimedium species is concentrated mainly in Southwestern China, the potential impact of interspecific pollination on natural hybridization has yet to be empirically scrutinized. To explore this, we studied the flowering period and the visitors of flowers in three frequently overlapping Epimedium species at Jinchengshan National Forest Park, located in Nanchong, Sichuan Province. Additionally, we performed a series of pollination experiments to examine breeding systems and hybrid compatibility. Morphologically, Epimedium pubescens and Epimedium wushanense are clearly distinct… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Impact of Social Determinants of Health on Self-Perceived Resilience: An Exploratory Study of Two Cohorts of Adults with Congenital Heart Disease

    Albert Osom1, Krysta S. Barton2, Katie Sexton3,4, Lyndia Brumback1, Joyce P. Yi-Frazier4, Abby R. Rosenberg5,6, Ruth Engelberg7, Jill M. Steiner8,*

    Congenital Heart Disease, Vol.19, No.1, pp. 33-48, 2024, DOI:10.32604/chd.2024.046656

    Abstract Social determinants of health (SDOH) affect quality of life. We investigated SDOH impacts on self-perceived resilience among people with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). Secondary analysis of data from two complementary studies: a survey study conducted May 2021–June 2022 and a qualitative study conducted June 2020–August 2021. Resilience was assessed through CD-RISC10 score (range 0–40, higher scores reflect greater self-perceived resilience) and interview responses. Sociodemographic and SDOH (education, employment, living situation, monetary stability, financial dependency, area deprivation index) data were collected by healthcare record review and self-report. We used linear regression with robust standard errors to analyze survey data and… More > Graphic Abstract

    Impact of Social Determinants of Health on Self-Perceived Resilience: An Exploratory Study of Two Cohorts of Adults with Congenital Heart Disease

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fine-Tuned Extra Tree Classifier for Thermal Comfort Sensation Prediction

    Ahmad Almadhor1, Chitapong Wechtaisong2,*, Usman Tariq3, Natalia Kryvinska4,*, Abdullah Al Hejaili5, Uzma Ghulam Mohammad6, Mohana Alanazi7

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.48, No.1, pp. 199-216, 2024, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.039546

    Abstract Thermal comfort is an essential component of smart cities that helps to upgrade, analyze, and realize intelligent buildings. It strongly affects human psychological and physiological levels. Residents of buildings suffer stress because of poor thermal comfort. Buildings frequently use Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems for temperature control. Better thermal states directly impact people’s productivity and health. This study revealed a human thermal comfort model that makes better predictions of thermal sensation by identifying essential features and employing a tuned Extra Tree classifier, MultiLayer Perceptron (MLP) and Naive Bayes (NB) models. The study employs the ASHRAE RP-884 standard dataset… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Etude exploratoire de l’intolérance à l’incertitude et de ses processus cognitifs par la tâche du Stroop chez les parents d’un enfant en rémission de cancer

    Marie Vander Haegen*, Anne-Marie Etienne

    Psycho-Oncologie, Vol.17, No.4, pp. 257-266, 2023, DOI:10.32604/po.2023.043340

    Abstract Introduction. Aucune étude n’a examiné le lien entre le facteur d’intolérance à l’incertitude et ses effets sur les processus cognitifs de parents d’un enfant en rémission d’un cancer. L’intolérance à l’incertitude est un facteur central dans le trouble anxieux généralisé; trouble anxieux où l’on observe également un traitement altéré de l’information cognitive sous forme de biais cognitifs. L’objectif de l’étude est de mesurer via une tâche de Stroop test classique et de Stroop test émotionnel, l’orientation de l’attention sélective en lien avec le facteur d’intolérance à l’incertitude. Méthodes. Soixante et un parents d’un enfant en rémission d’un cancer (de 4… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Evaluation of combined detection of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 and glutathione peroxidase 4 in primary hepatic carcinoma and preliminary exploration of pathogenesis

    JIE DUAN, AIDONG GU*, WEI CHEN, CHANGHAO CHEN, FANGNAN SONG, FAXI CHEN, FANGFANG JIANG, HUIWEN XING

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.12, pp. 2609-2615, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.042472

    Abstract Objective: This study aims to analyze the clinical significance and mechanism of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) in primary hepatic carcinoma (PHC). Methods: The expression of NRF2 and GPX4 in peripheral blood of patients with PHC was determined to analyze the diagnostic value of the two combined for PHC. The prognostic significance of NRF2 and GPX4 was evaluated by 3-year follow-up. Human liver epithelial cells THLE-2 and human hepatocellular carcinoma cells HepG2 were purchased, and the expression of NRF2 and GPX4 in the cells was determined. NRF2 and GPX4 aberrant expression vectors were… More > Graphic Abstract

    Evaluation of combined detection of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 and glutathione peroxidase 4 in primary hepatic carcinoma and preliminary exploration of pathogenesis

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A New Exploration of Artificially Induced Spalted Wood of Two Fungi: Hypoxylon and Sistotrema

    Yan Yan, Junpeng Dong, Haibo Hu, Susu Yang, Lin Liu, Lei Qin*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.11, pp. 3907-3916, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.028099

    Abstract One strain of Hypoxylon sp. CXM-3 and one strain of Sistotrema brinkmannii CXM-4 were inoculated onto sterilized cherry, poplar, birch, and basswood sheets in a certain shape and incubated at constant temperature and humidity for 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks, respectively, to analyze whether the grain pattern formed by the zone lines was consistent with the predetermined pattern. The results showed that the zone lines of CXM-3 of Hypoxylon were free, delicate, and soft, with brown lines and black staining, mostly accompanied by black and brown dots, facets, and clusters, while the zone lines of CXM-4 of Sistotrema brinkmanniiMore > Graphic Abstract

    A New Exploration of Artificially Induced Spalted Wood of Two Fungi: <i>Hypoxylon</i> and <i>Sistotrema</i>

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