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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    HEAT EXCHANGES INTENSIFICATION THROUGH A FLAT PLAT SOLAR COLLECTOR BY USING NANOFLUIDS AS WORKING FLUID

    A. Maouassia,b,*, A. Baghidjaa,b, S. Douadc , N. Zeraibic

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.10, pp. 1-7, 2018, DOI:10.5098/hmt.10.35

    Abstract This paper illustrates how practical application of nanofluids as working fluid to enhance solar flat plate collector efficiency. A numerical investigation of laminar convective heat transfer flow throw a solar collector is conducted, by using CuO-water nanofluids. The effectiveness of these nanofluids is compared to conventional working fluid (water), wherein Reynolds number and nanoparticle volume concentration in the ranges of 25– 900 and 0–10 % respectively. The effects of Reynolds number and nanoparticles concentration on the skin-friction and heat transfer coefficients are presented and discussed later in this paper. Results show that the heat transfer More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    IMPACT OF THERMAL RADIATION AND CHEMICAL REACTION ON UNSTEADY 2D FLOW OF MAGNETIC-NANOFLUIDS OVER AN ELONGATED PLATE EMBEDDED WITH FERROUS NANOPARTICLES

    S.P. Samrat, C. Sulochana* , G.P. Ashwinkumar

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.10, pp. 1-8, 2018, DOI:10.5098/hmt.10.31

    Abstract This study reports the flow, thermal and concentration attributes of magnetic-nanofluids past an elongated plate with thermal radiation and chemical reaction. The flow considered is two-dimensional and time-dependent. The pressure gradient and ohmic heating terms are neglected in this analysis. The flow governing PDEs are transformed into ODEs using appropriate conversions. Further, the set of ODEs are solved analytically using perturbation technique. The flow quantities such as velocity, thermal and concentration fields are discussed under the influence of various pertinent parameters namely volume fraction of nanoparticle, magnetic field, stretching parameter, Soret number, radiation and chemical More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Targeting LncRNA LLNLR-299G3.1 with antisense oligonucleotide inhibits malignancy of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo

    LI TIAN1,#, YONGYI HUANG1,#, BAOZHEN ZHANG2,#, YI SONG1,#, LIN YANG3, QIANQIAN CHEN1, ZHENG WANG3, YILING WANG1, QIHAN HE1, WENHAN YANG1, SHUYONG YU4, TIANYU LU5, ZICHEN LIU1, KAIPING GAO1,*, XIUJUN FAN2,*, JIAN SONG4,*, RIHONG ZHAI1,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.31, No.4, pp. 463-479, 2023, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.028791

    Abstract Accumulating evidence has indicated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play critical roles in the development and progression of cancers, including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, the mechanisms of lncRNAs in ESCC are still incompletely understood and therapeutic attempts for in vivo targeting cancer-associated lncRNA remain a challenge. By RNA-sequencing analysis, we identified that LLNLR-299G3.1 was a novel ESCC-associated lncRNA. LLNLR-299G3.1 was up-regulated in ESCC tissues and cells and promoted ESCC cell proliferation and invasion. Silencing of LLNLR-299G3.1 with ASO (antisense oligonucleotide) resulted in opposite effects. Mechanistically, LLNLR-299G3.1 bound to cancer-associated RNA binding proteins and regulated the expression… More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Mechanisms and applications of antitumor immunotherapy of responsive drug-loaded nanoparticles in breast cancer

    LETIAN JIN, HETING CHEN, QI RUAN, RUI LIU, YIFENG FAN, XIUFANG XU, DAJIANG WANG*, JIAHUI LU*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.7, pp. 1483-1498, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.028457

    Abstract During the chemotherapy of tumors, the cytotoxic effect of drugs is vital to kill tumor cells, and the delivery of a chemotherapeutic agent is of great importance for optimal therapeutic effects. The high in vivo clearance rate and low delivery efficiency of conventional chemotherapeutic agents affect the therapeutic effect. In recent years, the responsive drug delivery nanosystem has received increasing concern owing to its excellent biocompatibility, stable delivery performance, and controlled drug release strategies. To lucidly explain the cytocidal and immunotherapeutic effects of such responsive nanosystems in breast cancer, this review discusses the various stimuli and More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MAGNETO-CONVECTION OF ALUMINA - WATER NANOFLUID WITHIN THIN HORIZONTAL LAYERS USING THE REVISED GENERALIZED BUONGIORNO'S MODEL

    A.Wakifa,* , Z. Boulahiaa, A. Amineb , I.L. Animasaunc , M. I. Afridid, M. Qasimd , R. Sehaquia

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-15, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.3

    Abstract The significance of an externally applied magnetic field and an imposed negative temperature gradient on the onset of natural convection in a thin horizontal layer of alumina-water nanofluid for various sizes of spherical alumina nanoparticles (e.g., 30 More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    PREDICTION OF MASS TRANSFER COEFFICIENT OF THE CONTINUOUS PHASE IN A STRUCTURED PACKED EXTRACTION COLUMN IN THE PRESENCE OF SIO2 NANOPARTICLES

    Fereshteh Salimi Nanadegani, Bengt Sunden*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.14, pp. 1-11, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.14.21

    Abstract In this experimental study, mass transfer and hydrodynamic parameters of water/kerosene/acetic acid system in a packed column were investigated, in which the mass transfer direction was set from the continuous phase (saturated water of kerosene and acetic acid) to the dispersed phase (saturated kerosene of water) in all the experiments. To assess the impact of nanoparticles on mass transfer, the experiments were performed in the presence of SiO2 nanoparticles and absence of the nanoparticles. The results showed that the addition of the nanoparticles to the base fluid (saturated kerosene of water) increased the mass transfer efficiency More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    COMPREHENSIVE EXAMINATION OF THE THREE-DIMENSIONAL ROTATING FLOW OF A UCM NANOLIQUID OVER AN EXPONENTIALLY STRETCHABLE CONVECTIVE SURFACE UTILIZING THE OPTIMAL HOMOTOPY ANALYSIS METHOD

    K.V. Prasada, Hanumesh Vaidyaa,*, O. D. Makindeb , K. Vajraveluc , A. Wakifd , Hussain Bashaa

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.14, pp. 1-12, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.14.11

    Abstract This article explores the three-dimensional (3D) rotating flow of Upper Convected Maxwell (UCM) nanoliquid over an exponentially stretching sheet with a convective boundary condition and zero mass flux for the nanoparticles concentration. The impacts of velocity slip and hall current are being considered. The suitable similarity transformations are employed to reduce the governing partial differential equations into ordinary ones. These systems of equations are highly non-linear, coupled and in turn solved by an efficient semi-analytical scheme known as optimal homotopy analysis method (OHAM). The effects of various physical constraints on velocity, temperature, and concentration fields More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    THE IMPACT OF ALUMINA NANOPARTICLES SUSPENDED IN ETHYLENE GLYCOL ON THE PERFORMANCE EFFICIENCY OF A DOUBLE PIPE HEAT EXCHANGER

    Firas Aziz Alia,*, Adnan M. Alsaffawib , Karam Hashim Mohammeda

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.15, pp. 1-7, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.15.21

    Abstract The augmentation of the heat transfer in heat exchangers is one of the methods to increase efficiency of the system. The double tube heat exchanger is selected to many suitable techniques of heat transfer enhancement. In this study; the friction factor and heat transfer coefficient of double tube is evaluated experimentally. The Al2O3 nanoparticles dispersed in ethylene glycol (EG) with a diameter 50 nm and the weight concentration (0.1%, 0.3%, 0.5%, 0.7%, 1%) has been utilized. Then the effect of parallel current and counter current with different ranges of Reynolds number (10,000 to 30,000) on the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Lipid Production, Oxidative Status, Antioxidant Enzymes and Photosynthetic Efficiency of Coccomyxa chodatii SAG 216-2 in Response to Calcium Oxide Nanoparticles

    Huwida A. A. Abdel-Kader1, Naeima Yousef1, Mohammad Anwar Hossain2,*, Mona F. A. Dawood1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.7, pp. 1955-1974, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028583

    Abstract The extensive use of nanoparticles (NPs) in diverse applications causes their localization to aquatic habitats, affecting the metabolic products of primary producers in aquatic ecosystems, such as algae. Synthesized calcium oxide nanoparticles (CaO NPs) are of the scarcely studied NPs. Thus, the current work proposed that the exposure to CaO NPs may instigate metabolic pathway to be higher than that of normally growing algae, and positively stimulate algal biomass. In this respect, this research was undertaken to study the exposure effect of CaO NPs (0, 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100 µg mL−1 ) on the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Inhibition of H2O2-induced TM3 cell apoptosis by oxidative stress by lentinan functionalized selenium nanoparticles through JAK2/STAT-3 and P53 pathways

    MIAOMIAO LI1,#, ZILIN ZHENG1,#, JUNYI KE1, JIEYI LUO1, FAN JIANG1, YANXIA QU1, BING ZHU2, YINGHUA LI2,*, LIANDONG ZUO1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.6, pp. 1397-1405, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.027971

    Abstract Background: Nano-selenium has been widely used in antiviral and anticancer therapy, and has the advantages of good targeting and low toxicity. For the first time, we combined male reproduction with nano-selenium to investigate its antioxidant effect. This study investigated the protective effect of lentinan functionalized selenium nanoparticles on oxidative stress injury of the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced Leydig cell line, TM3. Methods: The suitable concentration of nano-selenium treatment to promote cell proliferation was also discussed. The concentration of 4 μM could significantly promote the growth of TM3 cells. Oxidative stress damage was caused using an 800 μM concentration… More >

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