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  • Open Access


    Heat Transfer Characteristics for Solar Energy Aspect on the Flow of Tangent Hyperbolic Hybrid Nanofluid over a Sensor Wedge and Stagnation Point Surface

    Asmaa Habib Alanzi, N. Ameer Ahammad*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.21, pp. 179-197, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.042009

    Abstract The conversion of solar radiation to thermal energy has recently attracted a lot of interest as the requirement for renewable heat and power grows. Due to their enhanced ability to promote heat transmission, nanofluids can significantly contribute to enhancing the efficiency of solar-thermal systems. This article focus solar energy aspect on the effects of the thermal radiation in the flow of a hyperbolic tangent nanofluid containing magnesium oxide (MgO) and silver (Ag) are the nanoparticle with the base fluid as kerosene through a wedge and stagnation. The system of hybrid nanofluid transport equations are transformed into… More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Nanomaterials Addition to Phase Change Materials on Heat Transfer in Solar Panels under Iraqi Atmospheric Conditions

    Majid Ahmed Mohammed1, Abdullah Talab Derea2, Mohammed Yaseen Lafta3, Obed Majeed Ali1, Omar Rafae Alomar4,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.21, pp. 215-226, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.041668

    Abstract It is common knowledge that phase-change materials are used for the purpose of thermal storage because of the characteristics that are exclusive to these materials and not found in others. These characteristics include a large capacity for absorbing heat and a large capacity for releasing heat when the phase changes; however, these materials have a low thermal conductivity. This paper presents the results of an experimental study that investigated the impact that nanoparticles of copper oxide had on reducing the temperature of solar panels. The phase change substance that was used was determined to be More >

  • Open Access



    Wubshet Ibrahim

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.7, pp. 1-10, 2016, DOI:10.5098/hmt.7.4

    Abstract The study scrutinizes the effect of convective heating on magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) stagnation point flow and heat transfer of upper-convected Maxell fluid p ast a s tretching s heet i n t he p resence o f n anoparticles. T he m odel u sed i n t he s tudy i ncludes t he e ffect o f B rownian m otion and thermophoresis parameters. The non-linear governing equations and their boundary conditions are initially cast into dimensionless forms by similarity transformation. The resulting system of equations is then solved numerically using fourth order Runge-Kutta More >

  • Open Access


    Insecticidal Activity and Physicochemical Characterization of Nanoparticles from Foliar Extract of Capsicum chinense

    Arnoldo E. Alfaro-Corres1, Daniel González-Mendoza2, Esaú Ruiz-Sánchez1,*, Carlos Ail-Catzin2, Benjamín Valdez-Salas3, Federico Gutiérrez-Miceli4, Arturo Reyes-Ramírez1, Jacques Fils Pierre1

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.11, pp. 3933-3943, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.031129

    Abstract This work was carried out to evaluate the insecticidal effect of mono, bi and trimetallic nanoparticles (NPs) from leaf extract of habanero pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq.) on the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum herbst.) and cotton mealybug (Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley). The results showed that Cu NPs, Cu/Mn NPs and Zn/Cu NPs had high insecticidal effect against T. castaneum (63%–80% mortality after 96 h). The Cu NPs and Zn/Cu NPs showed also insecticidal effect against P. solenopsis, but to a lesser extent (20%–28% after 96 h). With regards to the physicochemical characterization, Cu NPs had a zeta potential of 21.1 More > Graphic Abstract

    Insecticidal Activity and Physicochemical Characterization of Nanoparticles from Foliar Extract of <i>Capsicum chinense</i>

  • Open Access


    Study on Chaotic Characteristics of the Friction Process between High Hardness Alloy Steel and Cemented Carbide under C60 Nanoparticle Fluid Lubrication

    Jingshan Huang, Bin Yao*, Qixin Lan, Zhirong Pan

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.1, pp. 525-550, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029675

    Abstract Friction and wear phenomenon is a complex nonlinear system, and it is also a significant problem in the process of metal cutting. In order to systematically analyze the friction and wear process of tool material-workpiece material friction pair in the cutting process of high hardness alloy steel under different lubrication conditions, the chaotic characteristics of friction process between high hardness alloy steel and cemented carbide under the lubrication C60 nano-particles fluid are studied based on the chaos theory. Firstly, the friction and wear experiments of the friction pair between high hardness alloy steel and cemented… More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Al2O3 Nanoparticles on the Compression Ignition Performances and Emitted Pollutants of a Diesel Engine

    Noora S. Ekab1, Ahmed Q. Salam2, Ali O. Abd3, Miqdam T. Chaichan4,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.11, pp. 2847-2861, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.028874

    Abstract To improve the performances of diesel engines and to reduce the pollutants they emit, aluminum oxide nanoparticles in varying quantities (50, 100, 150 ppm) have been added to conventional diesel fuel. The results of such experimental tests have revealed that the addition of nano-Al2O3 particles to the diesel fuel reduces its consumption by 0.488%, 1.02%, and 1.377%, respectively and increases the brake thermal efficiency by 1.4%, 2.6%, and 3.8%, respectively. The concentrations of undesired gases decrease accordingly by 1.5%, 1.7%, and 2.8% for HC and by 5.88%, 11.7%, and 17.6%, respectively, for CO. For the same More >

  • Open Access


    The Effect of Heating Rate on Sintering Mechanism of Alumina Nanoparticles

    Dangqiang Wang1, Hai Mei1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.1, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09455

    Abstract The densification process of sintered alumina is mainly controlled by surface, lattice, and interface diffusion, and many experimental researches show that heating rate can affect the transfer of matter. Thus, to further reveal the effect of heating rate on sintering mechanism of alumina nanoparticle, molecular dynamic simulations were performed at five different heating rates to examine the migration of atoms and evolution of microstructure in heating stage. Results show that the sintering process of heating is a typical thermal activation process. High displacement response temperature is caused by high heating rate, which results in the More >

  • Open Access


    Development of micro/nanostructured‒based biomaterials with biomedical applications


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.8, pp. 1743-1755, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.027154

    Abstract Natural biomaterials are now frequently used to build biocarrier systems, which can carry medications and biomolecules to a target region and achieve a desired therapeutic effect. Biomaterials and polymers are of great importance in the synthesis of nanomaterials. The recent studies have tended to use these materials because they are easily obtained from natural sources such as fungi, algae, bacteria, and medicinal plants. They are also biodegradable, compatible with neighborhoods, and non-toxic. Natural biomaterials and polymers are chemically changed when they are linked by cross linking agents with other polymers to create scaffolds, matrices, composites, More >

  • Open Access



    CH. Amanullaa,b , N. Nagendraa,1 , M. Surya Narayana Reddyb , A. Subba Raoa , O. Anwar Bégc

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.8, pp. 1-13, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.8.29

    Abstract In this article, the heat, momentum and mass (species) transfer in external boundary layer flow of Casson nanofluid from an isothermal sphere surface is studied theoretically. The effects of Brownian motion and thermophoresis are incorporated in the model in the presence of both heat and nanoparticle mass transfer. The governing partial differential equations (PDEs) are transformed into highly nonlinear, coupled, multi-degree non-similar partial differential equations consisting of the momentum, energy and concentration equations via appropriate non-similarity transformations. These transformed conservation equations are solved subject to appropriate boundary conditions with a second order accurate finite difference More >

  • Open Access



    Noraihan Afiqah Rawia , Abdul Rahman Mohd Kasimb , Zaiton Mat Isaa , Aurangzaib Mangic , Sharidan Shafiea,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.8, pp. 1-7, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.8.12

    Abstract Mixed convection flows of nanofluid past an inclined stretching sheet with g-jitter effect is studied in this paper. Water based nanofluid containing copper, copper oxide, aluminium oxide and silver nanoparticles are concerned. Coupled nonlinear partial differential equations are solved using Kellerbox method. The effect of solid nanoparticles volume fraction parameter, frequency of oscillation and inclination angle parameter is observed to reduce the skin friction and heat transfer coefficients whereas mixed convection parameter increases both skin friction and heat transfer coefficients. Present study also shows that, the heat transfer coefficient is highest for silver nanofluid. More >

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