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  • Open Access


    Real-Time Prediction Algorithm for Intelligent Edge Networks with Federated Learning-Based Modeling

    Seungwoo Kang1, Seyha Ros1, Inseok Song1, Prohim Tam1, Sa Math2, Seokhoon Kim1,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1967-1983, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.045020

    Abstract Intelligent healthcare networks represent a significant component in digital applications, where the requirements hold within quality-of-service (QoS) reliability and safeguarding privacy. This paper addresses these requirements through the integration of enabler paradigms, including federated learning (FL), cloud/edge computing, software-defined/virtualized networking infrastructure, and converged prediction algorithms. The study focuses on achieving reliability and efficiency in real-time prediction models, which depend on the interaction flows and network topology. In response to these challenges, we introduce a modified version of federated logistic regression (FLR) that takes into account convergence latencies and the accuracy of the final FL model within healthcare networks. To establish… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimized Deep Learning Approach for Efficient Diabetic Retinopathy Classification Combining VGG16-CNN

    Heba M. El-Hoseny1,*, Heba F. Elsepae2, Wael A. Mohamed2, Ayman S. Selmy2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1855-1872, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042107

    Abstract Diabetic retinopathy is a critical eye condition that, if not treated, can lead to vision loss. Traditional methods of diagnosing and treating the disease are time-consuming and expensive. However, machine learning and deep transfer learning (DTL) techniques have shown promise in medical applications, including detecting, classifying, and segmenting diabetic retinopathy. These advanced techniques offer higher accuracy and performance. Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) is crucial in speeding up classification and providing accurate disease diagnoses. Overall, these technological advancements hold great potential for improving the management of diabetic retinopathy. The study’s objective was to differentiate between different classes of diabetes and verify the… More >

  • Open Access


    A Trusted Edge Resource Allocation Framework for Internet of Vehicles

    Yuxuan Zhong1, Siya Xu1, Boxian Liao1, Jizhao Lu2, Huiping Meng2, Zhili Wang1, Xingyu Chen1,*, Qinghan Li3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2629-2644, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035526

    Abstract With the continuous progress of information technique, assisted driving technology has become an effective technique to avoid traffic accidents. Due to the complex road conditions and the threat of vehicle information being attacked and tampered with, it is difficult to ensure information security. This paper uses blockchain to ensure the safety of driving information and introduces mobile edge computing technology to monitor vehicle information and road condition information in real time, calculate the appropriate speed, and plan a reasonable driving route for the driver. To solve these problems, this paper proposes a trusted edge resource allocation framework for assisted driving… More >

  • Open Access


    A Machine Learning-Based Attack Detection and Prevention System in Vehicular Named Data Networking

    Arif Hussain Magsi1,*, Ali Ghulam2, Saifullah Memon1, Khalid Javeed3, Musaed Alhussein4, Imad Rida5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1445-1465, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040290

    Abstract Named Data Networking (NDN) is gaining a significant attention in Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks (VANET) due to its in-network content caching, name-based routing, and mobility-supporting characteristics. Nevertheless, existing NDN faces three significant challenges, including security, privacy, and routing. In particular, security attacks, such as Content Poisoning Attacks (CPA), can jeopardize legitimate vehicles with malicious content. For instance, attacker host vehicles can serve consumers with invalid information, which has dire consequences, including road accidents. In such a situation, trust in the content-providing vehicles brings a new challenge. On the other hand, ensuring privacy and preventing unauthorized access in vehicular (VNDN) is another… More >

  • Open Access


    Knowledge-Based Efficient N-1 Analysis Calculation Method for Urban Distribution Networks with CIM File Data

    Lingyu Liang1, Xiangyu Zhao1,*, Wenqi Huang1, Liming Sun2,3, Ziyao Wang3, Yaosen Zhan2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.12, pp. 2839-2856, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042042

    Abstract The N-1 criterion is a critical factor for ensuring the reliable and resilient operation of electric power distribution networks. However, the increasing complexity of distribution networks and the associated growth in data size have created a significant challenge for distribution network planners. To address this issue, we propose a fast N-1 verification procedure for urban distribution networks that combines CIM file data analysis with MILP-based mathematical modeling. Our proposed method leverages the principles of CIM file analysis for distribution network N-1 analysis. We develop a mathematical model of distribution networks based on CIM data and transfer it into MILP. We… More >

  • Open Access


    3D Road Network Modeling and Road Structure Recognition in Internet of Vehicles

    Dun Cao1, Jia Ru1, Jian Qin1, Amr Tolba2, Jin Wang1, Min Zhu3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1365-1384, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030260

    Abstract Internet of Vehicles (IoV) is a new system that enables individual vehicles to connect with nearby vehicles, people, transportation infrastructure, and networks, thereby realizing a more intelligent and efficient transportation system. The movement of vehicles and the three-dimensional (3D) nature of the road network cause the topological structure of IoV to have the high space and time complexity. Network modeling and structure recognition for 3D roads can benefit the description of topological changes for IoV. This paper proposes a 3D general road model based on discrete points of roads obtained from GIS. First, the constraints imposed by 3D roads on… More >

  • Open Access


    Prediction of Porous Media Fluid Flow with Spatial Heterogeneity Using Criss-Cross Physics-Informed Convolutional Neural Networks

    Jiangxia Han1,2, Liang Xue1,2,*, Ying Jia3, Mpoki Sam Mwasamwasa1,2, Felix Nanguka4, Charles Sangweni5, Hailong Liu3, Qian Li3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1323-1340, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.031093

    Abstract Recent advances in deep neural networks have shed new light on physics, engineering, and scientific computing. Reconciling the data-centered viewpoint with physical simulation is one of the research hotspots. The physics-informed neural network (PINN) is currently the most general framework, which is more popular due to the convenience of constructing NNs and excellent generalization ability. The automatic differentiation (AD)-based PINN model is suitable for the homogeneous scientific problem; however, it is unclear how AD can enforce flux continuity across boundaries between cells of different properties where spatial heterogeneity is represented by grid cells with different physical properties. In this work,… More >

  • Open Access


    “Half of the Node Records Are Forged?”: The Problem of Node Records Forgery in Ethereum Network

    Yang Liu1,2,*, Zhiyuan Lin1, Yuxi Zhang1, Lin Jiang1,*, Xuan Wang1,3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1713-1729, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030468

    Abstract Ethereum, currently the most widely utilized smart contracts platform, anchors the security of myriad smart contracts upon its own robustness. Its foundational peer-to-peer network facilitates a dependable node connection mechanism, whereas an efficient data-sharing protocol constitutes as the bedrock of Blockchain network security. In this paper, we propose NodeHunter, an Ethereum network detector implemented through the application of simulation technology, which is capable of aggregating all node records within the network and the interconnectedness between them. Utilizing this connection information, NodeHunter can procure more comprehensive insights for network status analysis compared to preceding detection methodologies. Throughout a three-month period of… More >

  • Open Access


    Energy Efficiency Maximization in Mobile Edge Computing Networks via IRS assisted UAV Communications

    Ying Zhang1, Weiming Niu2, Supu Xiu1,3, Guangchen Mu3,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1865-1884, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.030114

    Abstract In this paper, we investigate the energy efficiency maximization for mobile edge computing (MEC) in intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) assisted unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) communications. In particular, UAV can collect the computing tasks of the terrestrial users and transmit the results back to them after computing. We jointly optimize the users’ transmitted beamforming and uploading ratios, the phase shift matrix of IRS, and the UAV trajectory to improve the energy efficiency. The formulated optimization problem is highly non-convex and difficult to be solved directly. Therefore, we decompose the original problem into three sub-problems. We first propose the successive convex approximation… More >

  • Open Access


    Average Secrecy Capacity of the Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface-Assisted Integrated Satellite Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Relay Networks

    Ping Li1, Kefeng Guo2,*, Feng Zhou1, Xueling Wang3, Yuzhen Huang4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1849-1864, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029801

    Abstract Integrated satellite unmanned aerial vehicle relay networks (ISUAVRNs) have become a prominent topic in recent years. This paper investigates the average secrecy capacity (ASC) for reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS)-enabled ISUAVRNs. Especially, an eve is considered to intercept the legitimate information from the considered secrecy system. Besides, we get detailed expressions for the ASC of the regarded secrecy system with the aid of the reconfigurable intelligent. Furthermore, to gain insightful results of the major parameters on the ASC in high signal-to-noise ratio regime, the approximate investigations are further gotten, which give an efficient method to value the secrecy analysis. At last,… More >

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