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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    GIPC1 promotes tumor growth and migration in gastric cancer via activating PDGFR/PI3K/AKT signaling

    TINGTING LI1, WEI ZHONG1, LIU YANG1, ZHIYU ZHAO1, LI WANG1, CONG LIU1, WANYUN LI1, HAIYAN LV2, SHENGYU WANG1, JIANGHUA YAN1, TING WU1,*, GANG SONG1,*, FANGHONG LUO1,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 361-371, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.043807

    Abstract The high mortality rate associated with gastric cancer (GC) has resulted in an urgent need to identify novel therapeutic targets for GC. This study aimed to investigate whether GAIP interacting protein, C terminus 1 (GIPC1) represents a therapeutic target and its regulating mechanism in GC. GIPC1 expression was elevated in GC tissues, liver metastasis tissues, and lymph node metastases. GIPC1 knockdown or GIPC1 blocking peptide blocked the platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR)/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and inhibited the proliferation and migration of GC cells. Conversely, GIPC1 overexpression markedly activated the PDGFR/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, and promoted GC More > Graphic Abstract

    GIPC1 promotes tumor growth and migration in gastric cancer via activating PDGFR/PI3K/AKT signaling

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Absent in melanoma 2 attenuates proliferation and migration and promotes apoptosis of human colorectal cancer cells by activating P38MAPK signaling pathway

    ZHI ZHANG1,#, XIAOSONG LI1,2,#, YING ZHANG1,2,#, HAO ZHU1,2, ZHENGUO QIAO3, YANG LU4, XIUWEI MI4, HUIHUA CAO5, GENHAI SHEN1,*, SONGBING HE4,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 353-360, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.042986

    Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) stands among the top prevalent cancers worldwide and holds a prominent position as a major contributor to cancer-related mortality globally. Absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2), a constituent of the interferon-inducible hematopoietic interferon-inducible nuclear antigens with 200 amino acid repeats protein family, contributes to both cancer progression and inflammasome activation. Despite this understanding, the precise biological functions and molecular mechanisms governed by AIM2 in CRC remain elusive. Consequently, this study endeavors to assess AIM2’s expression levels, explore its potential antitumor effects, elucidate associated cancer-related processes, and decipher the underlying signaling pathways in CRC. More > Graphic Abstract

    Absent in melanoma 2 attenuates proliferation and migration and promotes apoptosis of human colorectal cancer cells by activating P38MAPK signaling pathway

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Vaccinia-related kinase 2 variants differentially affect breast cancer growth by regulating kinase activity

    SEUNG-HEE GWAK1, JUHYUN LEE1, EUNJI OH1, DOHYUN LEE1,2, WONSHIK HAN3, JONGMIN KIM1,*, KYONG-TAI KIM4,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.2, pp. 421-432, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.031031

    Abstract Genetic information is transcribed from genomic DNA to mRNA, which is then translated into three-dimensional proteins. mRNAs can undergo various post-transcriptional modifications, including RNA editing that alters mRNA sequences, ultimately affecting protein function. In this study, RNA editing was identified at the 499th base (c.499) of human vaccinia-related kinase 2 (VRK2). This RNA editing changes the amino acid in the catalytic domain of VRK2 from isoleucine (with adenine base) to valine (with guanine base). Isoleucine-containing VRK2 has higher kinase activity than the valine-containing VRK2, which leads to an increase in tumor cell proliferation. Earlier we… More > Graphic Abstract

    Vaccinia-related kinase 2 variants differentially affect breast cancer growth by regulating kinase activity

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Knockdown Annexin A8 inhibits the proliferation and invasion of cervical cancer cells

    WEILING ZHANG1,2, YONG LI2, CAN ZHANG2, QING HAN2, YU ZHANG2, AIQIN HE2, WEIPEI ZHU1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.12, pp. 2697-2708, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.044314

    Abstract Background: This study aimed to explore the expression, function, and molecular mechanism of ANXA8, the gene for annexin 8, in cervical cancer. Methods: The gene expression of the ANX family members in cervical cancer tissues was classified via The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The expression of ANXA8 in paracancerous tissues, cervical cancer tissues, and cell lines was identified by fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunohistochemistry. The effects of ANXA8 knockdown on the cellular growth and cell invasion of cervical cancer were examined by MTT, clone-formation assay, scratch test, and Transwell assay. The effect of ANXA8 knockdown… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Long non-coding RNA DPP10-AS1 represses the proliferation and invasiveness of glioblastoma by regulating miR-24-3p/CHD5 signaling pathway

    JIWEI SUN1,2,#, LIANG XU1,#, YESEN ZHANG2, HAORAN LI1, JIE FENG2, XUEFENG LU2, JUN DONG1,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.12, pp. 2721-2733, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.043869

    Abstract Objective: This investigation aimed to unveil new prospective diagnosis-related biomarkers together with treatment targets against glioblastoma. Methods: The expression levels of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) DPP10-AS1 were assessed using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) within both the patient tissue specimens and glioblastoma cell lines. The relationship between lncRNA DPP10-AS1 expression in glioblastoma and patient prognosis was investigated. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), transwell, and clonogenic experiments were utilized to assess tumor cells’ proliferation, invasiveness, and migratory potentials after lncRNA DPP10-AS1 expression was up or down-regulated. Using an online bioinformatics prediction tool, the intracellular localization of lncRNA… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    UCHL5 inhibits U251 glioma cell proliferation and tumor growth via stabilizing and deubiquitinating PTEN

    YUE XIAO1,2,#, WENJING MA2,#, XINYI CHEN2, WEIWEI HU3, QIANQIAN DI2, XIBAO ZHAO2, GUODONG HUANG1, WEILIN CHEN1,2,*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.12, pp. 2617-2625, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.042476

    Abstract Background: Glioma is the most common primary brain tumor. Exploration of new tumorigenesis mechanism of glioma is critical to determine more effective treatment targets as well as to develop effective prognosis methods that can enhance the treatment efficacy. We previously demonstrated that the deubiquitinase biquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L5 (UCHL5) was downregulated in human glioma. However, the effect and mechanism of UCHL5 on the proliferation of glioma cells remains unknown. Methods: Transfection of siRNA was used to knockdown the expression of UCHL5 in U251 cells. The 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, Edu assay, and colony formation… More > Graphic Abstract

    UCHL5 inhibits U251 glioma cell proliferation and tumor growth via stabilizing and deubiquitinating PTEN

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    SIRT2 interacts with DDX24 to promote nasopharyngeal carcinoma growth

    HAIYING YUE, CHUNHUI WANG, HUIJUN ZHU, QINGHUA DU, JIAN LI, XUE OU, XIANGDE LI, QIULU ZHONG, YITING XIE, DANJING LUO, YIHE LI, CHUNXIAO LIANG, XUEMEI XU, SONGNAN DU, WENQI LIU*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.11, pp. 2445-2452, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.042512

    Abstract Background: Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is one of the most prevalent cancers in Southeast Asia. Sirtuin 2 (SIRT2) is a member of the NAD+-dependent deacetylase family and has been shown to play important roles in numerous biological processes. However, Its function in NPC remains uncertain. The primary aim of this study is to clarify the role of SIRT2 in NPC. Methods: In this research, we examined the effect of SIRT2 silencing on NPC cell proliferation and colony formation using vitro NPC cell lines. Co-immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry was applied to identify SIRT2-interacting proteins in NPC cells. Results:More > Graphic Abstract

    SIRT2 interacts with DDX24 to promote nasopharyngeal carcinoma growth

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    SMC1A served as a potential therapeutic target to regulate malignant phenotypes of cervical cancer

    WEILAN LIU, XIAOYAN DUAN, KAIYUN QIN, YAN JIANG, CAIFU ZHAO, CONGWEI DAI*

    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.11, pp. 2471-2484, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.029617

    Abstract Introduction: Structural maintenance of chromosome 1A (SMC1A) is a crucial compound of the cohesin complex. It has been reported to regulate the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process in multiple cancers. Objectives: The present study aims to further clarify the role of SMC1A in cervical cancer. Methods: We analyzed data from four datasets and confirmed that SMC1A showed high expression in cervical cancer samples and was related to poor prognosis of patients with cervical cancer. Cell proliferation of SiHa and C-33A with knockdown of SMC1A was assessed using CCK-8 and colony formation assay. The migration and invasion were… More > Graphic Abstract

    SMC1A served as a potential therapeutic target to regulate malignant phenotypes of cervical cancer

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Silencing of peroxiredoxin 2 suppresses proliferation and Wnt/β-catenin pathway, and induces senescence in hepatocellular carcinoma

    XUEGANG YANG1,#, XIANHONG XIANG2,3,#, GUOHUI XU1, SHI ZHOU3, TIANZHI AN3,4,*, ZHI HUANG3,4,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.1, pp. 213-226, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.030768

    Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), a common malignancy worldwide, still lacks effective clinical treatment. The study aimed to investigate the oncogenes that affect the progression of HCC and their possible mechanisms. In our study, we initially confirmed a higher level of PRDX2 in the bile of HCC patients compared to those with choledocholithiasis by 2-DE, LC-MS, and ELISA. Subsequently, we demonstrated the high expression of peroxiredoxin 2 (PRDX2) in HCC based on the TCGA database and clinical sample analysis. Furthermore, PRDX2 overexpression enhanced the viability of HCC cells. And PRDX2 silencing induced senescence of HCC cells. In vivo, More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Long non-coding RNA H19 promotes proliferation in hepatocellular carcinoma cells via H19/miR-107/CDK6 axis

    ARCHITTAPON NOKKEAW1,2,3,#, PANNATHON THAMJAMRASSRI1,2,3,#, NAPHAT CHANTARAVISOOT1,4, PISIT TANGKIJVANICH1,2,*, CHAIYABOOT ARIYACHET1,2,*

    Oncology Research, Vol.31, No.6, pp. 989-1005, 2023, DOI:10.32604/or.2023.030395

    Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide; nevertheless, current therapeutic options are limited or ineffective for many patients. Therefore, elucidation of molecular mechanisms in HCC biology could yield important insights for the intervention of novel therapies. Recently, various studies have reported dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the initiation and progression of HCC, including H19; however, the biological function of H19 in HCC remains unclear. Here, we show that knockdown of H19 disrupted HCC cell growth, impaired the G1-to-S phase transition, and promoted apoptosis, while overexpression of H19 yielded the… More > Graphic Abstract

    Long non-coding RNA H19 promotes proliferation in hepatocellular carcinoma cells via H19/miR-107/CDK6 axis

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