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  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Renewable Polymers in Biomedical Applications: From the Bench to the Market

    Rauany Cristina Lopes1, Tamires Nossa2, Wilton Rogério Lustri1, Gabriel Lombardo3,4,5, Maria Inés Errea3,4, Eliane Trovatti1,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.4, pp. 643-666, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.048957

    Abstract Polymers from renewable resources have been used for a long time in biomedical applications and found an irreplaceable role in some of them. Their uses have been increasing because of their attractive properties, contributing to the improvement of life quality, mainly in drug release systems and in regenerative medicine. Formulations using natural polymer, nano and microscale particles preparation, composites, blends and chemical modification strategies have been used to improve their properties for clinical application. Although many studies have been carried out with these natural polymers, the way to reach the market is long and only More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Bio-PCM Panels Composed of Renewable Materials Interact with Solar Heating Systems for Building Thermal Insulation

    Yosr Laatiri, Habib Sammouda, Fadhel Aloulou*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.4, pp. 771-798, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.047022

    Abstract This article aims to present the feasibility of storing thermal energy in buildings for solar water heating while maintaining the comfort environment for residential buildings. Our contribution is the creation of insulating composite panels made of bio-based phase change materials (bio-PCM is all from coconut oil), cement and renewable materials (treated wood fiber and organic clay). The inclusion of wood fibers improved the thermal properties; a simple 2% increase of wood fiber decreased the heat conductivity by approximately 23.42%. The issues of bio-PCM leakage in the cement mortar and a roughly 56.5% reduction in thermal… More > Graphic Abstract

    Bio-PCM Panels Composed of Renewable Materials Interact with Solar Heating Systems for Building Thermal Insulation

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Techno-Economic Optimization of Novel Stand-Alone Renewable Based Electric Vehicle Charging Station near Bahria Town Karachi, Sindh Pakistan

    Aneel Kumar1, Mahesh Kumar1, Amir Mahmood Soomro1, Laveet Kumar2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.6, pp. 1439-1457, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.049977

    Abstract Electric vehicles (EVs) are the most interesting and innovative technology in the 21st century because of their enormous advantages, both technically and economically. Their emissions rate compared to fuel-based vehicles is negligible as they do not consume fuel and hence do not emit any harmful gases. However, their bulk production, adoption and lack of charging stations increase the stress of power stations due to modern-day lifestyles. If Electric vehicles demand increases drastically then conventional power stations will not bear their demand and if they generate electricity by conventional means it will be very costly and… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhancing Renewable Energy Integration: A Gaussian-Bare-Bones Levy Cheetah Optimization Approach to Optimal Power Flow in Electrical Networks

    Ali S. Alghamdi1,*, Mohamed A. Zohdy2, Saad Aldoihi3,4

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1339-1370, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048839

    Abstract In the contemporary era, the global expansion of electrical grids is propelled by various renewable energy sources (RESs). Efficient integration of stochastic RESs and optimal power flow (OPF) management are critical for network optimization. This study introduces an innovative solution, the Gaussian Bare-Bones Levy Cheetah Optimizer (GBBLCO), addressing OPF challenges in power generation systems with stochastic RESs. The primary objective is to minimize the total operating costs of RESs, considering four functions: overall operating costs, voltage deviation management, emissions reduction, voltage stability index (VSI) and power loss mitigation. Additionally, a carbon tax is included in… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Intelligent Fractional-Order Controller for SMES Systems in Renewable Energy-Based Microgrid

    Aadel M. Alatwi1,2, Abualkasim Bakeer3, Sherif A. Zaid1,*, Ibrahem E. Atawi1, Hani Albalawi1,4, Ahmed M. Kassem5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.2, pp. 1807-1830, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.048521

    Abstract An autonomous microgrid that runs on renewable energy sources is presented in this article. It has a superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) device, wind energy-producing devices, and an energy storage battery. However, because such microgrids are nonlinear and the energy they create varies with time, controlling and managing the energy inside them is a difficult issue. Fractional-order proportional integral (FOPI) controller is recommended for the current research to enhance a standalone microgrid’s energy management and performance. The suggested dedicated control for the SMES comprises two loops: the outer loop, which uses the FOPI to regulate… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Safety-Constrained Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning for Power Quality Control in Distributed Renewable Energy Networks

    Yongjiang Zhao, Haoyi Zhong, Chang Cyoon Lim*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 449-471, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048771

    Abstract This paper examines the difficulties of managing distributed power systems, notably due to the increasing use of renewable energy sources, and focuses on voltage control challenges exacerbated by their variable nature in modern power grids. To tackle the unique challenges of voltage control in distributed renewable energy networks, researchers are increasingly turning towards multi-agent reinforcement learning (MARL). However, MARL raises safety concerns due to the unpredictability in agent actions during their exploration phase. This unpredictability can lead to unsafe control measures. To mitigate these safety concerns in MARL-based voltage control, our study introduces a novel… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparative Analysis of Reaction to Fire and Flammability of Hemp Shives Insulation Boards with Incorporated Microencapsulated Phase Change Materials

    Inga Zotova1,*, Edgars Kirilovs1, Laura Ziemele2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.3, pp. 603-613, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.047607

    Abstract Nowadays buildings contain innovative materials, materials from local resources, production surpluses and rapidly renewable natural resources. Phase Change Materials (PCM) are one such group of novel materials which reduce building energy consumption. With the wider availability of microencapsulated PCM, there is an opportunity to develop a new type of insulating materials, combinate PCM with traditional insulation materials for latent heat energy storage. These materials are typically flammable and are located on the interior wall finishing yet there has been no detailed assessment of their fire performance. In this research work prototypes of low-density insulating boards… More > Graphic Abstract

    Comparative Analysis of Reaction to Fire and Flammability of Hemp Shives Insulation Boards with Incorporated Microencapsulated Phase Change Materials

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Renewable Bis-benzoxazine Monomers from Lignin Derivatives: Synthesis, Characterization and Studies on Curing Behavior

    CHUNYAN LIU*, YUNHE LIU, ZIHAN PAN, QIUTING LI, HAN XU, TAO LIU

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 87-99, 2019, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2019.36.01.7

    Abstract In this work, a series of novel lignin-based bis-benzoxazine monomers were efficiently synthesized by the reaction of renewable phenols: guaiacol, vanillyl alcohol, eugenol, vanillin with ethylene diamine and paraformaldehyde. The chemical structures of these lignin-based bis-benzoxazine monomers were confirmed by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and FTIR, indicating the formation of benzoxazine ring. The obtained bis-benzoxazine monomers were cured via thermal treatment. The curing behavior of these lignin-based bis-benzoxazine monomers were compared and analyzed via differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), showing that Va-e possessed higher ring-opening polymerization activity than G-e, while E-e and V-e had lower curing activity than G-e. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Synthesis of poly(ω-pentadecalactone) using Lipase Immobilized onto a Renewable Carrier, Rice husk ash and their Characterization

    CANSU ULKER TURAN1,*, YUKSEL GUVENILIR1

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.38, No.3-4, pp. 271-280, 2021, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2021.38.3-4.8

    Abstract Rice husk ash is a side-product of rice production; thus, it is a cheap, abundant, and renewable material, and utilized as an enzyme carrier to immobilize Candida antarctica lipase B. In this study, Candida antarctica lipase B immobilized onto rice husk ashes was used to catalyze ring opening polymerization of 16-membered lactone, ω-pentadecalactone. In order to determine the best polymerization conditions for highest molar mass polymer, reactions were proceeded at various temperatures and time periods. The best reaction conditions were obtained as 80°C and 6 hours (Mn = 34255 g mol-1). Molecular structure of this polymer More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Optimal Bidding Strategies of Microgrid with Demand Side Management for Economic Emission Dispatch Incorporating Uncertainty and Outage of Renewable Energy Sources

    Mousumi Basu1, Chitralekha Jena2, Baseem Khan3,4,*, Ahmed Ali4

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.4, pp. 849-867, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.043294

    Abstract In the restructured electricity market, microgrid (MG), with the incorporation of smart grid technologies, distributed energy resources (DERs), a pumped-storage-hydraulic (PSH) unit, and a demand response program (DRP), is a smarter and more reliable electricity provider. DER consists of gas turbines and renewable energy sources such as photovoltaic systems and wind turbines. Better bidding strategies, prepared by MG operators, decrease the electricity cost and emissions from upstream grid and conventional and renewable energy sources (RES). But it is inefficient due to the very high sporadic characteristics of RES and the very high outage rate. To More >

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