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  • Open Access


    Impact Damage Testing Study of Shanxi-Beijing Natural Gas Pipeline Based on Decision Tree Rotary Tiller Operation

    Liqiong Chen1, Kai Zhang1,*, Song Yang1, Duo Xu1, Weihe Huang1, Hongxuan Hu2, Haonan Liu2

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.5, pp. 683-706, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.049536

    Abstract The North China Plain and the agricultural region are crossed by the Shanxi-Beijing natural gas pipeline. Residents in the area use rototillers for planting and harvesting; however, the depth of the rototillers into the ground is greater than the depth of the pipeline, posing a significant threat to the safe operation of the pipeline. Therefore, it is of great significance to study the dynamic response of rotary tillers impacting pipelines to ensure the safe operation of pipelines. This article focuses on the Shanxi-Beijing natural gas pipeline, utilizing finite element simulation software to establish a finite More >

  • Open Access


    Computational Fluid Dynamics Approach for Predicting Pipeline Response to Various Blast Scenarios: A Numerical Modeling Study

    Farman Saifi1,*, Mohd Javaid1, Abid Haleem1, S. M. Anas2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.3, pp. 2747-2777, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.051490

    Abstract Recent industrial explosions globally have intensified the focus in mechanical engineering on designing infrastructure systems and networks capable of withstanding blast loading. Initially centered on high-profile facilities such as embassies and petrochemical plants, this concern now extends to a wider array of infrastructures and facilities. Engineers and scholars increasingly prioritize structural safety against explosions, particularly to prevent disproportionate collapse and damage to nearby structures. Urbanization has further amplified the reliance on oil and gas pipelines, making them vital for urban life and prime targets for terrorist activities. Consequently, there is a growing imperative for computational… More >

  • Open Access


    FDSC-YOLOv8: Advancements in Automated Crack Identification for Enhanced Safety in Underground Engineering

    Rui Wang1, Zhihui Liu2,*, Hongdi Liu3, Baozhong Su4, Chuanyi Ma5

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.140, No.3, pp. 3035-3049, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2024.050806

    Abstract In underground engineering, the detection of structural cracks on tunnel surfaces stands as a pivotal task in ensuring the health and reliability of tunnel structures. However, the dim and dusty environment inherent to underground engineering poses considerable challenges to crack segmentation. This paper proposes a crack segmentation algorithm termed as Focused Detection for Subsurface Cracks YOLOv8 (FDSC-YOLOv8) specifically designed for underground engineering structural surfaces. Firstly, to improve the extraction of multi-layer convolutional features, the fixed convolutional module is replaced with a deformable convolutional module. Secondly, the model’s receptive field is enhanced by introducing a multi-branch More >

  • Open Access


    Efficacy and Safety of Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization and Transcatheter Arterial Chemotherapy Infusion in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Xinyang Liu*1, Zhichao Wang*1, Zongwei Chen†1, Longzi Liu*, Lijie Ma*, Liangqing Dong*, Zhao Zhang*, Shu Zhang*, Liuxiao Yang*, Jieyi Shi*, Jia Fan*‡, Xiaoying Wang*, Qiang Gao*‡

    Oncology Research, Vol.26, No.2, pp. 231-239, 2018, DOI:10.3727/096504017X15051752095738

    Abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a worldwide health threat with increasing incidence and a high mortality rate. Most HCC patients are diagnosed at an advanced stage and are unable to undergo potential curative surgery. Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and transcatheter arterial chemotherapy infusion (TACI) are two of the main palliative treatments for advanced HCC patients. The clinical efficacy and safety of TACE and TACI are controversial. For this reason, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the current evidence. We searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies that compared the clinical outcomes… More >

  • Open Access


    Intelligent Power Grid Load Transferring Based on Safe Action-Correction Reinforcement Learning

    Fuju Zhou*, Li Li, Tengfei Jia, Yongchang Yin, Aixiang Shi, Shengrong Xu

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.6, pp. 1697-1711, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.047680

    Abstract When a line failure occurs in a power grid, a load transfer is implemented to reconfigure the network by changing the states of tie-switches and load demands. Computation speed is one of the major performance indicators in power grid load transfer, as a fast load transfer model can greatly reduce the economic loss of post-fault power grids. In this study, a reinforcement learning method is developed based on a deep deterministic policy gradient. The tedious training process of the reinforcement learning model can be conducted offline, so the model shows satisfactory performance in real-time operation, More >

  • Open Access


    Field Load Test Based SHM System Safety Standard Determination for Rigid Frame Bridge

    Xilong Zheng*, Qiong Wang, Di Guan

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.18, No.3, pp. 361-376, 2024, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2024.048473

    Abstract The deteriorated continuous rigid frame bridge is strengthened by external prestressing. Static loading tests were conducted before and after the bridge rehabilitation to verify the effectiveness of the rehabilitation process. The stiffness of the repaired bridge is improved, and the maximum deflection of the load test is reduced from 37.9 to 27.6 mm. A bridge health monitoring system is installed after the bridge is reinforced. To achieve an easy assessment of the bridge’s safety status by directly using transferred data, a real-time safety warning system is created based on a five-level safety standard. The threshold More >

  • Open Access


    Safety-Constrained Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning for Power Quality Control in Distributed Renewable Energy Networks

    Yongjiang Zhao, Haoyi Zhong, Chang Cyoon Lim*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 449-471, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048771

    Abstract This paper examines the difficulties of managing distributed power systems, notably due to the increasing use of renewable energy sources, and focuses on voltage control challenges exacerbated by their variable nature in modern power grids. To tackle the unique challenges of voltage control in distributed renewable energy networks, researchers are increasingly turning towards multi-agent reinforcement learning (MARL). However, MARL raises safety concerns due to the unpredictability in agent actions during their exploration phase. This unpredictability can lead to unsafe control measures. To mitigate these safety concerns in MARL-based voltage control, our study introduces a novel… More >

  • Open Access


    A Game-Theoretic Approach to Safe Crowd Evacuation in Emergencies

    Maria Gul1, Imran Ali Khan1, Gohar Zaman2, Atta Rahman3,*, Jamaluddin Mir2, Sardar Asad Ali Biabani4,5, May Issa Aldossary6, Mustafa Youldash7, Ashraf Saadeldeen8, Maqsood Mahmud9, Asiya Abdus Salam6, Dania Alkhulaifi3, Abdullah AlTurkey3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 1631-1657, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048289

    Abstract Obstacle removal in crowd evacuation is critical to safety and the evacuation system efficiency. Recently, many researchers proposed game theoretic models to avoid and remove obstacles for crowd evacuation. Game theoretical models aim to study and analyze the strategic behaviors of individuals within a crowd and their interactions during the evacuation. Game theoretical models have some limitations in the context of crowd evacuation. These models consider a group of individuals as homogeneous objects with the same goals, involve complex mathematical formulation, and cannot model real-world scenarios such as panic, environmental information, crowds that move dynamically,… More >

  • Open Access


    IR-YOLO: Real-Time Infrared Vehicle and Pedestrian Detection

    Xiao Luo1,3, Hao Zhu1,2,*, Zhenli Zhang1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.2, pp. 2667-2687, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047988

    Abstract Road traffic safety can decrease when drivers drive in a low-visibility environment. The application of visual perception technology to detect vehicles and pedestrians in infrared images proves to be an effective means of reducing the risk of accidents. To tackle the challenges posed by the low recognition accuracy and the substantial computational burden associated with current infrared pedestrian-vehicle detection methods, an infrared pedestrian-vehicle detection method A proposal is presented, based on an enhanced version of You Only Look Once version 5 (YOLOv5). First, A head specifically designed for detecting small targets has been integrated into… More >

  • Open Access


    Leveraging Augmented Reality, Semantic-Segmentation, and VANETs for Enhanced Driver’s Safety Assistance

    Sitara Afzal1, Imran Ullah Khan1, Irfan Mehmood2, Jong Weon Lee1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.1, pp. 1443-1460, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.046707

    Abstract Overtaking is a crucial maneuver in road transportation that requires a clear view of the road ahead. However, limited visibility of ahead vehicles can often make it challenging for drivers to assess the safety of overtaking maneuvers, leading to accidents and fatalities. In this paper, we consider atrous convolution, a powerful tool for explicitly adjusting the field-of-view of a filter as well as controlling the resolution of feature responses generated by Deep Convolutional Neural Networks in the context of semantic image segmentation. This article explores the potential of seeing-through vehicles as a solution to enhance… More >

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