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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multi-Scale Superhydrophobic Anti-Icing Coating for Wind Turbine Blades

    Jiangyong Bao1, Jianjun He1,*, Biao Chen2, Kaijun Yang1, Jun Jie2, Ruifeng Wang1, Shihao Zhang2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.4, pp. 947-959, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014535

    Abstract As a surface functional material, super-hydrophobic coating has great application potential in wind turbine blade anti-icing, self-cleaning and drag reduction. In this study, ZnO and SiO2 multi-scale superhydrophobic coatings with mechanical flexibility were prepared by embedding modified ZnO and SiO2 nanoparticles in PDMS. The prepared coating has a higher static water contact angle (CA is 153°) and a lower rolling angle (SA is 3.3°), showing excellent super-hydrophobicity. Because of its excellent superhydrophobic ability and micro-nano structure, the coating has good anti-icing ability. Under the conditions of −10°C and 60% relative humidity, the coating can delay the freezing time by 1511S,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Power Data Preprocessing Method of Mountain Wind Farm Based on POT-DBSCAN

    Anfeng Zhu, Zhao Xiao, Qiancheng Zhao*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 549-563, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014177

    Abstract Due to the frequent changes of wind speed and wind direction, the accuracy of wind turbine (WT) power prediction using traditional data preprocessing method is low. This paper proposes a data preprocessing method which combines POT with DBSCAN (POT-DBSCAN) to improve the prediction efficiency of wind power prediction model. Firstly, according to the data of WT in the normal operation condition, the power prediction model of WT is established based on the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) Arithmetic which is combined with the BP Neural Network (PSO-BP). Secondly, the wind-power data obtained from the supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Novel Power Curve Prediction Method for Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbines Using Artificial Neural Networks

    Vin Cent Tai1,*, Yong Chai Tan1, Nor Faiza Abd Rahman1, Chee Ming Chia2, Mirzhakyp Zhakiya2, Lip Huat Saw3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 507-516, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014868

    Abstract Accurate prediction of wind turbine power curve is essential for wind farm planning as it influences the expected power production. Existing methods require detailed wind turbine geometry for performance evaluation, which most of the time unattainable and impractical in early stage of wind farm planning. While significant amount of work has been done on fitting of wind turbine power curve using parametric and non-parametric models, little to no attention has been paid for power curve modelling that relates the wind turbine design information. This paper presents a novel method that employs artificial neural network to learn the underlying relationships between… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Probabilistic Load Flow Calculation of Power System Integrated with Wind Farm Based on Kriging Model

    Lu Li1, Yuzhen Fan2, Xinglang Su1,*, Gefei Qiu1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.3, pp. 565-580, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014627

    Abstract Because of the randomness and uncertainty, integration of large-scale wind farms in a power system will exert significant influences on the distribution of power flow. This paper uses polynomial normal transformation method to deal with non-normal random variable correlation, and solves probabilistic load flow based on Kriging method. This method is a kind of smallest unbiased variance estimation method which estimates unknown information via employing a point within the confidence scope of weighted linear combination. Compared with traditional approaches which need a greater number of calculation times, long simulation time, and large memory space, Kriging method can rapidly estimate node… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fractional-Order Control of a Wind Turbine Using Manta Ray Foraging Optimization

    Hegazy Rezk1,2,*, Mohammed Mazen Alhato3, Mohemmed Alhaider1, Soufiene Bouallègue3,4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.68, No.1, pp. 185-199, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.016175

    Abstract In this research paper, an improved strategy to enhance the performance of the DC-link voltage loop regulation in a Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) based wind energy system has been proposed. The proposed strategy used the robust Fractional-Order (FO) Proportional-Integral (PI) control technique. The FOPI control contains a non-integer order which is preferred over the integer-order control owing to its benefits. It offers extra flexibility in design and demonstrates superior outcomes such as high robustness and effectiveness. The optimal gains of the FOPI controller have been determined using a recent Manta Ray Foraging Optimization (MRFO) algorithm. During the optimization process,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Model Predictive Yaw Control Using Fuzzy-Deduced Weighting Factor for Large-Scale Wind Turbines

    Shuowang Zhang1, Lingxiang Huang1,*, Dongran Song2,*, Ke Xu1, Xuebing Yang1, Xiaoping Song1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.2, pp. 237-250, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014269

    Abstract Yaw control system plays an important role in helping large-scale horizontal wind turbines capture the wind energy. To track the stochastic and fast-changing wind direction, the nacelle is rotated by the yaw control system. Therein, a difficulty consists in the variation speed of the wind direction much faster than the rotation speed of the nacelle. To deal with this difficulty, model predictive control has been recently proposed in the literature, in which the previewed wind direction is employed into the predictive model, and the estimated captured energy and yaw actuator usage are two contradictive objectives. Since the performance of the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of Electromagnetic Performance of Modulated Coaxial Magnetic Gears Used in Semi-Direct Drive Wind Turbines

    Jungang Wang1,*, Liqun Qian1, Shuairui Xu1, Ruina Mo2

    Energy Engineering, Vol.118, No.2, pp. 251-264, 2021, DOI:10.32604/EE.2021.014143

    Abstract Wind turbine is a key device to realize the utilization of wind energy, and it has been highly valued by all countries. But the mechanical gear transmission of the existing wind power device has the disadvantages of high vibration and noise, high failure rate, and short service time. Magnetic field modulation electromagnetic gear transmission is a new non-contact transmission method. However, the conventional modulation magnetic gear has low torque density and torque defects with large fluctuations. In order to overcome the gear transmission problems of the existing semi-direct drive wind power generation machinery and improve the electromagnetic performance of the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Kriging Surrogate-Based Genetic Algorithm Optimization for Blade Design of a Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine

    Nantiwat Pholdee1, Sujin Bureerat1, Weerapon Nuantong2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.126, No.1, pp. 261-273, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2021.012349

    Abstract Horizontal axis wind turbines are some of the most widely used clean energy generators in the world. Horizontal axis wind turbine blades need to be designed for optimization in order to maximize efficiency and simultaneously minimize the cost of energy. This work presents the optimization of new MEXICO blades for a horizontal axis wind turbine at the wind speed of 10 m/s. The optimization problem is posed to maximize the power coefficient while the design variables are twist angles on the blade radius and rotating axis positions on a chord length of the airfoils. Computational fluid dynamics was used for… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on Effect of Icing Degree on Performance of NACA4412 Airfoil Wind Turbine

    Yuhao Jia1, Bin Cheng1,2,*, Xiyang Li1,2, Hui Zhang1,2, Yinglong Dong1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.117, No.6, pp. 413-427, 2020, DOI:10.32604/EE.2020.012019

    Abstract In order to study the effect of icing on the wind turbine blade tip speed ratio and wind energy utilization coefficient under working conditions, it is important to better understand the growth characteristics of wind turbine blade icing under natural conditions. In this paper, the icing test of the NACA4412 airfoil wind turbine was carried out using the natural low temperature wind turbine icing test system. An evaluation model of icing degree was established, and the influence of wind speed and icing degree on the performance parameters of wind turbines was compared and analyzed. It is shown that icing is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Numerical Study of the Tip Wake of a Wind Turbine Impeller Using Extended Proper Orthogonal Decomposition

    Weimin Wu, Chuande Zhou*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.16, No.5, pp. 883-901, 2020, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2020.010407

    Abstract The behavior of the tip wake of a wind turbine is one of the hot issues in the wind power field. This problem can partially be tackled using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). However, this approach lacks the ability to provide insights into the spatial structure of important high-order flows. Therefore, with the horizontal axis wind turbine as the main focus, in this work, firstly, we conduct CFD simulations of the wind turbine in order to obtain a data-driven basis relating to multiple working conditions for further analysis. Then, these data are studied using an extended Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) algorithm.… More >

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