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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Functionalized 2-(hydroxyethyl) methacrylate (HEMA)- co-acrylamide (AAm) hydrogels: Kinetic and Isotherm Modelling Analysis on the Removal of Cu(II) Ions

    AYÇA BAL ÖZTÜRK1,2,*, ZEHRA ÖZBAŞ3, BENGİ ÖZKAHRAMAN4, SERKAN EMİK5

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.36, No.2, pp. 161-173, 2019, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2019.36.02.5

    Abstract A functionalized hydrogel composed of 2-(hydroxyethyl) methacrylate (HEMA) and acrylamide (AAm) was synthesized by amination and saponification reactions, respectively, and its functionality was examined for the elimination of copper(II) ions. The maximum adsorption capacity for copper(II) ions was 0.617 mmol g-1 before saponification, whereas it was 1.2225 mmol g-1 after saponification. The adsorption data was analyzed with pseudo-first-order (r2 =0.8867), intra-particle diffusion (r2 =0.9453), Elovich (r2=0.9489) and pseudo-secondorder(r2 =0.9999) kinetic models. Based on the adsorption equilibrium experimental data Freundlich(r2 =0.9964), Langmuir(r2=0.998) and Dubinin–Radushkevich (D-R) (r2 =0.9960) adsorption isotherms provided good fits for all of experimental results. Finally, the datas of More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Development of Functional Adsorbent from Natural Biosorbent “Chitosan” by Radiation Induced Grafting of MAETC for the Removal of Arsenic (V)

    VIJAYASRI. K1, ALKA TIWARI1,*, C.V. CHAUDHARI2

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 53-73, 2019, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2019.36.01.5

    Abstract High energy gamma radiation has been used to graft [2-(methacryloyloxyethyl) trimethylammonium chloride (MAETC) onto chitosan by radiation grafting method. Grafting yield was found to increase with the increase in radiation dose and monomer concentration. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to characterize the grafted polymer and their morphological structure was analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). As(V) ions uptake capacity of the adsorbent was evaluated in different pH, contact time, temperature, adsorbent dose, and different arsenate ion concentration. The adsorption data was fitted well in the Langmuir model and various static parameters were calculated. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Investigation of Polypyrrole and Polypyrrolepolyethyleneimine as Adsorbents for Methyl Orange Dye Adsorption

    NORHABIBAH MOHAMAD1,*, NOORDINI M. SALLEH1,2, HABIBUN NABI MUHAMMAD EKRAMUL MAHMUD1

    Journal of Polymer Materials, Vol.40, No.3-4, pp. 165-189, 2023, DOI:10.32381/JPM.2023.40.3-4.4

    Abstract The present study has explored the adsorption properties of polypyrrole-based adsorbents (polypyrrole and polypyrrole-polyethyleneimine composite) as novel conducting polymers in adsorbing methyl orange (MO) (an anionic dye) effectively from aqueous solution. The adsorption characteristics of the prepared polymer-based adsorbents were characterized by BET, FTIR, FESEM, and XRD methods. The effectiveness of PPy-based adsorbents for MO dye adsorption was examined using the batch adsorption method. Different parameters were changed during the adsorption process, including contact time, solution pH, and adsorbent dosage. The highest BET surface area of the PPy-PEI composite was found to be 11.85 m2 /g,… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Activated Carbon from Nipa Palm Fronds (Nypa fruticans) with H3PO4 and KOH Activators as Fe Adsorbers

    Ninis Hadi Haryanti1,*, Eka Suarso1, Tetti N. Manik1, Suryajaya1, Nurlita Sari1, Darminto2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.2, pp. 203-214, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.043549

    Abstract Nipa palm is one of the non-wood plants rich in lignocellulosic content. In this study, palm fronds were converted into activated carbon, and their physical, chemical, and morphological properties were characterized. The resulting activated carbon was then applied as an adsorbent of Fe metal in peat water. The carbonization process was carried out for 60 min, followed by sintering at 400°C for 5 h with a particle size of 200 mesh. KOH and H3PO4 were used in the chemical activation process for 24 h. KOH-activated carbon contained 6.13% of moisture, 4.55% of ash, 17.02% of volatile… More > Graphic Abstract

    Activated Carbon from Nipa Palm Fronds (<i>Nypa fruticans</i>) with H<sub>3</sub>PO<sub>4</sub> and KOH Activators as Fe Adsorbers

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Biomass Carbon Improves the Adsorption Performance of Gangue-Based Ceramsites: Adsorption Kinetics and Mechanism Analysis

    Haodong Li1, Huiling Du1,*, Le Kang1, Yewen Zhang1, Tong Lu1, Yuchan Zhang1, Lan Yang2, Shijie Song2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.12, pp. 4161-4174, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.028877

    Abstract The large accumulation of coal gangue, a common industrial solid waste, causes severe environmental problems, and green development strategies are required to transform this waste into high-value-added products. In this study, low-cost ceramsites adsorbents were prepared from waste gangue, silt coal, and peanut shells and applied to remove the organic dye methylene blue from wastewater. We investigated the microstructure of ceramsites and the effects of the sintering atmosphere, sintering temperature, and solution pH on their adsorption performance. The ceramsites sintered at 800°C under a nitrogen atmosphere exhibited the largest three-dimensional-interconnected hierarchical porous structure among the… More > Graphic Abstract

    Biomass Carbon Improves the Adsorption Performance of Gangue-Based Ceramsites: Adsorption Kinetics and Mechanism Analysis

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fluoride Ion Adsorption Effect and Adsorption Mechanism of Self-Supported Adsorbent Materials Based on Desulfurization Gypsum-Aluminate Cement

    Xuefeng Song*, Minjuan Sun, Juan He, Lei Wang

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.12, pp. 4079-4095, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.028885

    Abstract The adsorption method has the advantages of low cost, high efficiency, and environmental friendliness in treating fluorinated wastewater, and the adsorbent material is the key. This study combines the inherent anion-exchange adsorption properties of layered double hydroxides (LDHs). Self-supported porous adsorbent materials loaded with AFm and AFt were prepared from a composite cementitious system consisting of calcium aluminate cement (CAC) and flue gas desulfurization gypsum (FGDG) by chemical foaming technique. The mineral composition of the adsorbent material was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Through the static adsorption experiment, the adsorption… More > Graphic Abstract

    Fluoride Ion Adsorption Effect and Adsorption Mechanism of Self-Supported Adsorbent Materials Based on Desulfurization Gypsum-Aluminate Cement

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Silica Gel from Chemical Glass Bottle Waste as Adsorbent for Methylene Blue: Optimization Using BBD

    Suprapto Suprapto, Putri Augista Nur Azizah, Yatim Lailun Ni’mah*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.12, pp. 4007-4023, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.031210

    Abstract This research focuses on the effective removal of methylene blue dye using silica gel synthesized from chemical glass bottle waste as an environmentally friendly and cost-effective adsorbent. The adsorption process was optimized using Box-Behnken Design (BBD) and Response Surface Methodology (RSM) to investigate the influence of pH (6; 8 and 10), contact time (15; 30 and 45 min), adsorbent mass (30; 50 and 70 mg), and initial concentration (20; 50 and 80 mg/L) of the adsorbate on the adsorption efficiency. The BBD was conducted using Google Colaboratory software, which encompassed 27 experiments with randomly assigned… More > Graphic Abstract

    Silica Gel from Chemical Glass Bottle Waste as Adsorbent for Methylene Blue: Optimization Using BBD

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Analysis of CH4 and H2 Adsorption on Heterogeneous Shale Surfaces Using a Molecular Dynamics Approach

    Surajudeen Sikiru1,*, Hassan Soleimani2, Amir Rostami1, Mohammed Falalu Hamza1,3, Lukmon Owolabi Afolabi4

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.1, pp. 31-44, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.029281

    Abstract Determining the adsorption of shale gas on complex surfaces remains a challenge in molecular simulation studies. Difficulties essentially stem from the need to create a realistic shale structure model in terms of mineral heterogeneity and multiplicity. Moreover, precise characterization of the competitive adsorption of hydrogen and methane in shale generally requires the experimental determination of the related adsorptive capacity. In this study, the adsorption of adsorbates, methane (CH4), and hydrogen (H2) on heterogeneous shale surface models of Kaolinite, Orthoclase, Muscovite, Mica, C60, and Butane has been simulated in the frame of a molecular dynamic’s numerical technique. The More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    Malachite Green Adsorption Using Carbon-Based and Non-Conventional Adsorbent Made from Biowaste and Biomass: A Review

    Annisa Ardiyanti, Suprapto Suprapto, Yatim Lailun Ni’mah*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.11, pp. 3789-3806, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2023.031354

    Abstract Dyes are pervasive contaminants in wastewater, posing significant health risks to both humans and animals. Among the various methods employed for effective dye removal, adsorption has emerged as a highly promising approach due to its notable advantages, including high efficiency, cost-effectiveness, low energy consumption, and operational simplicity compared to alternative treatments. This comprehensive review focuses on investigating adsorbents derived from biowastes and biomass, specifically carbon-based and non-conventional adsorbents, for the removal of malachite green, a widely used dye known for its toxic and carcinogenic properties. Carbon-based adsorbents encompass two main types: activated carbon and biochar, More > Graphic Abstract

    Malachite Green Adsorption Using Carbon-Based and Non-Conventional Adsorbent Made from Biowaste and Biomass: A Review

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Low-Velocity Impact Response of Sandwich Composite Panels with Shear Stiffening Gel Filled Honeycomb Cores

    Gaojian Lin11,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.26, No.3, pp. 1-2, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09075

    Abstract Over decades, sandwich composite panels (SCPs) have been widely used to fabricate lightweight but strong structural components. However, composite sandwich structures are susceptible to impact damage, which may severely reduce the structural stiffness, stability, and load-carrying capacity[1, 2]. In order to enhance the anti-impact capacity of SCPs, a series of novel core structures[3-5] and filling materials[6-8] have been proposed and tested. One of them is the shear thickening fluids (STFs), which mechanical behavior changed from liquid to solid when subjected to high strain rate shear loading[7, 9]. For example, Fu et al.[10] filled the honeycomb… More >

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