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  • Open Access


    Performance Analysis of a Chunk-Based Speech Emotion Recognition Model Using RNN

    Hyun-Sam Shin1, Jun-Ki Hong2,*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.1, pp. 235-248, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.033082

    Abstract Recently, artificial-intelligence-based automatic customer response system has been widely used instead of customer service representatives. Therefore, it is important for automatic customer service to promptly recognize emotions in a customer’s voice to provide the appropriate service accordingly. Therefore, we analyzed the performance of the emotion recognition (ER) accuracy as a function of the simulation time using the proposed chunk-based speech ER (CSER) model. The proposed CSER model divides voice signals into 3-s long chunks to efficiently recognize characteristically inherent emotions in the customer’s voice. We evaluated the performance of the ER of voice signal chunks More >

  • Open Access


    Intrusion Detection Based on Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory with Attention Mechanism

    Yongjie Yang1, Shanshan Tu1, Raja Hashim Ali2, Hisham Alasmary3,4, Muhammad Waqas5,6,*, Muhammad Nouman Amjad7

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.1, pp. 801-815, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.031907

    Abstract With the recent developments in the Internet of Things (IoT), the amount of data collected has expanded tremendously, resulting in a higher demand for data storage, computational capacity, and real-time processing capabilities. Cloud computing has traditionally played an important role in establishing IoT. However, fog computing has recently emerged as a new field complementing cloud computing due to its enhanced mobility, location awareness, heterogeneity, scalability, low latency, and geographic distribution. However, IoT networks are vulnerable to unwanted assaults because of their open and shared nature. As a result, various fog computing-based security models that protect… More >

  • Open Access


    Triple Multimodal Cyclic Fusion and Self-Adaptive Balancing for Video Q&A Systems

    Xiliang Zhang1, Jin Liu1,*, Yue Li1, Zhongdai Wu2,3, Y. Ken Wang4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.3, pp. 6407-6424, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.027097

    Abstract Performance of Video Question and Answer (VQA) systems relies on capturing key information of both visual images and natural language in the context to generate relevant questions’ answers. However, traditional linear combinations of multimodal features focus only on shallow feature interactions, fall far short of the need of deep feature fusion. Attention mechanisms were used to perform deep fusion, but most of them can only process weight assignment of single-modal information, leading to attention imbalance for different modalities. To address above problems, we propose a novel VQA model based on Triple Multimodal feature Cyclic Fusion More >

  • Open Access


    Enhanced Attention-Based Encoder-Decoder Framework for Text Recognition

    S. Prabu, K. Joseph Abraham Sundar*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.2, pp. 2071-2086, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.029105

    Abstract Recognizing irregular text in natural images is a challenging task in computer vision. The existing approaches still face difficulties in recognizing irregular text because of its diverse shapes. In this paper, we propose a simple yet powerful irregular text recognition framework based on an encoder-decoder architecture. The proposed framework is divided into four main modules. Firstly, in the image transformation module, a Thin Plate Spline (TPS) transformation is employed to transform the irregular text image into a readable text image. Secondly, we propose a novel Spatial Attention Module (SAM) to compel the model to concentrate… More >

  • Open Access


    EEG Emotion Recognition Using an Attention Mechanism Based on an Optimized Hybrid Model

    Huiping Jiang1,*, Demeng Wu1, Xingqun Tang1, Zhongjie Li1, Wenbo Wu2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.2, pp. 2697-2712, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.027856

    Abstract Emotions serve various functions. The traditional emotion recognition methods are based primarily on readily accessible facial expressions, gestures, and voice signals. However, it is often challenging to ensure that these non-physical signals are valid and reliable in practical applications. Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals are more successful than other signal recognition methods in recognizing these characteristics in real-time since they are difficult to camouflage. Although EEG signals are commonly used in current emotional recognition research, the accuracy is low when using traditional methods. Therefore, this study presented an optimized hybrid pattern with an attention mechanism (FFT_CLA) for… More >

  • Open Access


    HDAM: Heuristic Difference Attention Module for Convolutional Neural Networks

    Yu Xue*, Ziming Yuan

    Journal on Internet of Things, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 57-67, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jiot.2022.025327

    Abstract The attention mechanism is one of the most important priori knowledge to enhance convolutional neural networks. Most attention mechanisms are bound to the convolutional layer and use local or global contextual information to recalibrate the input. This is a popular attention strategy design method. Global contextual information helps the network to consider the overall distribution, while local contextual information is more general. The contextual information makes the network pay attention to the mean or maximum value of a particular receptive field. Different from the most attention mechanism, this article proposes a novel attention mechanism with… More >

  • Open Access


    Real-time Safety Helmet-wearing Detection Based on Improved YOLOv5

    Yanman Li1, Jun Zhang1, Yang Hu1, Yingnan Zhao2,*, Yi Cao3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.43, No.3, pp. 1219-1230, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.028224

    Abstract Safety helmet-wearing detection is an essential part of the intelligent monitoring system. To improve the speed and accuracy of detection, especially small targets and occluded objects, it presents a novel and efficient detector model. The underlying core algorithm of this model adopts the YOLOv5 (You Only Look Once version 5) network with the best comprehensive detection performance. It is improved by adding an attention mechanism, a CIoU (Complete Intersection Over Union) Loss function, and the Mish activation function. First, it applies the attention mechanism in the feature extraction. The network can learn the weight of… More >

  • Open Access


    Spatio-temporal Model Combining VMD and AM for Wind Speed Prediction

    Yingnan Zhao1,*, Peiyuan Ji1, Fei Chen1, Guanlan Ji1, Sunil Kumar Jha2

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.34, No.2, pp. 1001-1016, 2022, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2022.027710

    Abstract This paper proposes a spatio-temporal model (VCGA) based on variational mode decomposition (VMD) and attention mechanism. The proposed prediction model combines a squeeze-and-excitation network to extract spatial features and a gated recurrent unit to capture temporal dependencies. Primarily, the VMD can reduce the instability of the original wind speed data and the attention mechanism functions to strengthen the impact of important information. In addition, the VMD and attention mechanism act to avoid a decline in prediction accuracy. Finally, the VCGA trains the decomposition result and derives the final results after merging the prediction result of More >

  • Open Access


    A Novel Method for Precipitation Nowcasting Based on ST-LSTM

    Wei Fang1,2,*, Liang Shen1, Victor S. Sheng3, Qiongying Xue1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.3, pp. 4867-4877, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.027197

    Abstract Precipitation nowcasting is of great significance for severe convective weather warnings. Radar echo extrapolation is a commonly used precipitation nowcasting method. However, the traditional radar echo extrapolation methods are encountered with the dilemma of low prediction accuracy and extrapolation ambiguity. The reason is that those methods cannot retain important long-term information and fail to capture short-term motion information from the long-range data stream. In order to solve the above problems, we select the spatiotemporal long short-term memory (ST-LSTM) as the recurrent unit of the model and integrate the 3D convolution operation in it to strengthen… More >

  • Open Access


    Spatio-Temporal Wind Speed Prediction Based on Variational Mode Decomposition

    Yingnan Zhao1,*, Guanlan Ji1, Fei Chen1, Peiyuan Ji1, Yi Cao2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.43, No.2, pp. 719-735, 2022, DOI:10.32604/csse.2022.027288

    Abstract Improving short-term wind speed prediction accuracy and stability remains a challenge for wind forecasting researchers. This paper proposes a new variational mode decomposition (VMD)-attention-based spatio-temporal network (VASTN) method that takes advantage of both temporal and spatial correlations of wind speed. First, VASTN is a hybrid wind speed prediction model that combines VMD, squeeze-and-excitation network (SENet), and attention mechanism (AM)-based bidirectional long short-term memory (BiLSTM). VASTN initially employs VMD to decompose the wind speed matrix into a series of intrinsic mode functions (IMF). Then, to extract the spatial features at the bottom of the model, each More >

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