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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Pioneering Micro-Scale Mapping of Urban CO Emissions from Fossil Fuels with GIS

    Loghman Khodakarami*

    Revue Internationale de Géomatique, Vol.33, pp. 221-246, 2024, DOI:10.32604/rig.2024.050908

    Abstract Urban areas globally are escalating contributors to carbon dioxide (CO) emissions, challenging sustainable development. This study proposes a novel micro-scale approach utilizing GIS to quantify CO emission spatial distribution, enhancing urban sustainability assessment. Employing a “bottom-up” methodology, emissions were calculated for various sources, revealing Isfahan’s urban area emits 13,855,525 tons of CO annually. Major contributors include stationary and mobile sources such as power plants (50.61%), road and rail transport (17.18%), and residential sectors (21.78%). Spatial distribution mapping showed that 81.68% of CO emissions originate from stationary sources, notably power plants. Furthermore, mobile sources, including road More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Mitigating Carbon Emissions: A Comprehensive Analysis of Transitioning to Hydrogen-Powered Plants in Japan’s Energy Landscape Post-Fukushima

    Nugroho Agung Pambudi1,2,4,*, Andrew Chapman, Alfan Sarifudin1,3, Desita Kamila Ulfa4, Iksan Riva Nanda5

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.5, pp. 1143-1159, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.047555

    Abstract One of the impacts of the Fukushima disaster was the shutdown of all nuclear power plants in Japan, reaching zero production in 2015. In response, the country started importing more fossil energy including coal, oil, and natural gas to fill the energy gap. However, this led to a significant increase in carbon emissions, hindering the efforts to reduce its carbon footprint. In the current situation, Japan is actively working to balance its energy requirements with environmental considerations, including the utilization of hydrogen fuel. Therefore, this paper aims to explore the feasibility and implications of using… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Study of the Effect of the Miller Cycle on the Combustion of a Supercharged Marine Diesel Engine

    Lingjie Zhao, Cong Li*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.5, pp. 1363-1380, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.046918

    Abstract The Miller cycle is a program that effectively reduces NOx emissions from marine diesel engines by lowering the maximum combustion temperature in the cylinder, thereby reducing NOx emissions. To effectively investigate the impact of Miller cycle optimum combustion performance and emission capability under high load conditions, this study will perform a one-dimensional simulation of the performance of a marine diesel engine, as well as a three-dimensional simulation of the combustion in the cylinder. A 6-cylinder four-stroke single-stage supercharged diesel engine is taken as the research object. The chassis dynamometer and other related equipment are used to… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Rolling Decision Model of Thermal Power Retrofit and Generation Expansion Planning Considering Carbon Emissions and Power Balance Risk

    Dong Pan1, Xu Gui1, Jiayin Xu1, Yuming Shen1, Haoran Xu2, Yinghao Ma2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.5, pp. 1309-1328, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2024.046464

    Abstract With the increasing urgency of the carbon emission reduction task, the generation expansion planning process needs to add carbon emission risk constraints, in addition to considering the level of power adequacy. However, methods for quantifying and assessing carbon emissions and operational risks are lacking. It results in excessive carbon emissions and frequent load-shedding on some days, although meeting annual carbon emission reduction targets. First, in response to the above problems, carbon emission and power balance risk assessment indicators and assessment methods, were proposed to quantify electricity abundance and carbon emission risk level of power planning… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Research on Carbon Emission for Preventive Maintenance of Wind Turbine Gearbox Based on Stochastic Differential Equation

    Hongsheng Su, Lixia Dong*, Xiaoying Yu, Kai Liu

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.4, pp. 973-986, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.043497

    Abstract Time based maintenance (TBM) and condition based maintenance (CBM) are widely applied in many large wind farms to optimize the maintenance issues of wind turbine gearboxes, however, these maintenance strategies do not take into account environmental benefits during full life cycle such as carbon emissions issues. Hence, this article proposes a carbon emissions computing model for preventive maintenance activities of wind turbine gearboxes to solve the issue. Based on the change of the gearbox state during operation and the influence of external random factors on the gearbox state, a stochastic differential equation model (SDE) and More > Graphic Abstract

    Research on Carbon Emission for Preventive Maintenance of Wind Turbine Gearbox Based on Stochastic Differential Equation

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL INVESTIGATIONS ON COMBUSTION AND EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS IN A DIRECT INJECTION DIESEL ENGINE AT ELEVATED FUEL TEMPERATURES

    Manimaran Renganathan, Thundil Karuppa Raj Rajagopal*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 1-11, 2013, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v4.1.3008

    Abstract In this work, fuel spray parameters are studied by varying the fuel temperature. To overcome the tedious experimental task, a 3-D Computational Fluid Dynamics methodology is adopted by injecting fuel at specified temperatures of 313 K, 353 K and 393 K. The validation is accomplished after the optimal spatial and temporal steps of discretization are found out. At a fuel temperature of 313 K, advancing the injection timing from 6 deg bTDC to 20 deg bTDC increases cylinder peak pressure from 79.8 bar to 90.9 bar. Relation between the emission characteristics and spray SMD and More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY INSIDE CATALYTIC HONEYCOMB MONOLITH CHANNEL OF NATURAL GAS BURNER START-UP AND LOW CARBON ENERGY OF CATALYTIC COMBUSTION

    Shihong Zhang*,Zhihua Wang

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.4, No.2, pp. 1-6, 2013, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v4.2.3005

    Abstract This article discussed exhaust gas temperature and pollutant emissions characteristics of the combustion of rich natural gas-air mixtures in Pd metal based honeycomb monoliths burner during the period of start-up process. The burner needs to be ignited by gas phase combustion with the excessive air coefficient (a) at 1.3. The chemistry at work in the monoliths was then investigated using the stagnation point flow reactor or SPFR. The experimental results in catalytic monolith can be explained from SPFR. The exhaust gas temperature and pollutant emissions were measured by thermocouple K of diameter 0.5 and the More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    OPTIMIZATION OF COMPRESSION RATIO OF JATROPHA OIL BLEND WITH DIESEL FUELLED ON VARIABLE COMPRESSION RATIO ENGINE

    Biswajit De*, Rajsekhar Panua

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.5, pp. 1-4, 2014, DOI:10.5098/hmt.5.10

    Abstract As the world is facing crisis due to the dwindling resources of fossil fuels, rapid depletion of conventional energy is a matter of serious concern for the mankind. So there is a necessity to find alternate fuels. Vegetable oils, because of their agricultural origin, due to less carbon content compared to mineral diesel are producing less CO2 emissions to the atmosphere is used as an alternate fuel in substitute to diesel fuel. In the present study optimum compression ratio for VCR diesel engine fuelled with Jatropha oil blends with diesel (30%) has been determined at 203 More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    COMPUTATIONAL STUDIES OF SWIRL RATIO AND INJECTION TIMING ON ATOMIZATION IN A DIRECT INJECTION DIESEL ENGINE

    Renganathan Manimarana, Rajagopal Thundil Karuppa Rajb,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.5, pp. 1-9, 2014, DOI:10.5098/hmt.5.2

    Abstract Diesel engine combustion modeling presents a challenging task with the formation and breakup of spray into droplets. In this work, 3D-CFD computations are performed to understand the behaviour of spray droplet diameter and temperature during the combustion by varying the swirl ratio and injection timing. After the validation and grid and time independency tests, it is found that increase in swirl ratio from 1.4 to 4.1 results in peak pressure rise of 8 bar and an advancement of injection timing from 6 deg bTDC to 20 deg bTDC results in increase of peak pressure by More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effects of I-EGR and Pre-Injection on Performance of Gasoline Compression Ignition (GCI) at Low-Load Condition

    Binbin Yang1,*, Leilei Liu1, Yan Zhang1, Jingyu Gong1, Fan Zhang2, Tiezhu Zhang1

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.10, pp. 2233-2250, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.028898

    Abstract Gasoline compression ignition (GCI) has been considered as a promising combustion concept to yield ultra-low NOX and soot emissions while maintaining high thermal efficiency. However, how to improve the low-load performance becomes an urgent issue to be solved. In this paper, a GCI engine model was built to investigate the effects of internal EGR (i-EGR) and pre-injection on in-cylinder temperature, spatial concentration of mixture and OH radical, combustion and emission characteristics, and the control strategy for improving the combustion performance was further explored. The results showed an obvious expansion of the zone with an equivalence ratio… More >

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