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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fake News Detection Using Machine Learning and Deep Learning Methods

    Ammar Saeed1,*, Eesa Al Solami2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2079-2096, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.030551

    Abstract The evolution of the internet and its accessibility in the twenty-first century has resulted in a tremendous increase in the use of social media platforms. Some social media sources contribute to the propagation of fake news that has no real validity, but they accumulate over time and begin to appear in the feed of every consumer producing even more ambiguity. To sustain the value of social media, such stories must be distinguished from the true ones. As a result, an automated system is required to save time and money. The classification of fake news and misinformation from social media data… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Fusion of Region Extraction and Cross-Entropy SVM Models for Wheat Rust Diseases Classification

    Deepak Kumar1, Vinay Kukreja1, Ayush Dogra1,*, Bhawna Goyal2, Talal Taha Ali3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 2097-2121, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.044287

    Abstract Wheat rust diseases are one of the major types of fungal diseases that cause substantial yield quality losses of 15%–20% every year. The wheat rust diseases are identified either through experienced evaluators or computerassisted techniques. The experienced evaluators take time to identify the disease which is highly laborious and too costly. If wheat rust diseases are predicted at the development stages, then fungicides are sprayed earlier which helps to increase wheat yield quality. To solve the experienced evaluator issues, a combined region extraction and cross-entropy support vector machine (CE-SVM) model is proposed for wheat rust disease identification. In the proposed… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Terrorism Attack Classification Using Machine Learning: The Effectiveness of Using Textual Features Extracted from GTD Dataset

    Mohammed Abdalsalam1,*, Chunlin Li1, Abdelghani Dahou2, Natalia Kryvinska3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.138, No.2, pp. 1427-1467, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.029911

    Abstract One of the biggest dangers to society today is terrorism, where attacks have become one of the most significant risks to international peace and national security. Big data, information analysis, and artificial intelligence (AI) have become the basis for making strategic decisions in many sensitive areas, such as fraud detection, risk management, medical diagnosis, and counter-terrorism. However, there is still a need to assess how terrorist attacks are related, initiated, and detected. For this purpose, we propose a novel framework for classifying and predicting terrorist attacks. The proposed framework posits that neglected text attributes included in the Global Terrorism Database… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    RF-Net: Unsupervised Low-Light Image Enhancement Based on Retinex and Exposure Fusion

    Tian Ma, Chenhui Fu*, Jiayi Yang, Jiehui Zhang, Chuyang Shang

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 1103-1122, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.042416

    Abstract Low-light image enhancement methods have limitations in addressing issues such as color distortion, lack of vibrancy, and uneven light distribution and often require paired training data. To address these issues, we propose a two-stage unsupervised low-light image enhancement algorithm called Retinex and Exposure Fusion Network (RF-Net), which can overcome the problems of over-enhancement of the high dynamic range and under-enhancement of the low dynamic range in existing enhancement algorithms. This algorithm can better manage the challenges brought about by complex environments in real-world scenarios by training with unpaired low-light images and regular-light images. In the first stage, we design a… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Classification of Brain Tumors Using Hybrid Feature Extraction Based on Modified Deep Learning Techniques

    Tawfeeq Shawly1, Ahmed Alsheikhy2,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 425-443, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.040561

    Abstract According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Brain Tumors (BrT) have a high rate of mortality across the world. The mortality rate, however, decreases with early diagnosis. Brain images, Computed Tomography (CT) scans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging scans (MRIs), segmentation, analysis, and evaluation make up the critical tools and steps used to diagnose brain cancer in its early stages. For physicians, diagnosis can be challenging and time-consuming, especially for those with little expertise. As technology advances, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been used in various domains as a diagnostic tool and offers promising outcomes. Deep-learning techniques are especially useful and have achieved… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Micro-Expression Recognition Based on Spatio-Temporal Feature Extraction of Key Regions

    Wenqiu Zhu1,2, Yongsheng Li1,2, Qiang Liu1,2,*, Zhigao Zeng1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.1, pp. 1373-1392, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.037216

    Abstract Aiming at the problems of short duration, low intensity, and difficult detection of micro-expressions (MEs), the global and local features of ME video frames are extracted by combining spatial feature extraction and temporal feature extraction. Based on traditional convolution neural network (CNN) and long short-term memory (LSTM), a recognition method combining global identification attention network (GIA), block identification attention network (BIA) and bi-directional long short-term memory (Bi-LSTM) is proposed. In the BIA, the ME video frame will be cropped, and the training will be carried out by cropping into 24 identification blocks (IBs), 10 IBs and uncropped IBs. To alleviate… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Predicting Reliability and Remaining Useful Life of Rolling Bearings Based on Optimized Neural Networks

    Tiantian Liang*, Runze Wang, Xuxiu Zhang, Yingdong Wang, Jianxiong Yang

    Structural Durability & Health Monitoring, Vol.17, No.5, pp. 433-455, 2023, DOI:10.32604/sdhm.2023.029331

    Abstract In this study, an optimized long short-term memory (LSTM) network is proposed to predict the reliability and remaining useful life (RUL) of rolling bearings based on an improved whale-optimized algorithm (IWOA). The multi-domain features are extracted to construct the feature dataset because the single-domain features are difficult to characterize the performance degeneration of the rolling bearing. To provide covariates for reliability assessment, a kernel principal component analysis is used to reduce the dimensionality of the features. A Weibull distribution proportional hazard model (WPHM) is used for the reliability assessment of rolling bearing, and a beluga whale optimization (BWO) algorithm is… More > Graphic Abstract

    Predicting Reliability and Remaining Useful Life of Rolling Bearings Based on Optimized Neural Networks

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Deep CNN-LSTM-Based Feature Extraction for Cyber-Physical System Monitoring

    Alaa Omran Almagrabi*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 2079-2093, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039683

    Abstract A potential concept that could be effective for multiple applications is a “cyber-physical system” (CPS). The Internet of Things (IoT) has evolved as a research area, presenting new challenges in obtaining valuable data through environmental monitoring. The existing work solely focuses on classifying the audio system of CPS without utilizing feature extraction. This study employs a deep learning method, CNN-LSTM, and two-way feature extraction to classify audio systems within CPS. The primary objective of this system, which is built upon a convolutional neural network (CNN) with Long Short Term Memory (LSTM), is to analyze the vocalization patterns of two different… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Deep Facial Emotion Recognition Using Local Features Based on Facial Landmarks for Security System

    Youngeun An, Jimin Lee, EunSang Bak*, Sungbum Pan*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.76, No.2, pp. 1817-1832, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.039460

    Abstract Emotion recognition based on facial expressions is one of the most critical elements of human-machine interfaces. Most conventional methods for emotion recognition using facial expressions use the entire facial image to extract features and then recognize specific emotions through a pre-trained model. In contrast, this paper proposes a novel feature vector extraction method using the Euclidean distance between the landmarks changing their positions according to facial expressions, especially around the eyes, eyebrows, nose, and mouth. Then, we apply a new classifier using an ensemble network to increase emotion recognition accuracy. The emotion recognition performance was compared with the conventional algorithms… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Applying Customized Convolutional Neural Network to Kidney Image Volumes for Kidney Disease Detection

    Ali Altalbe1,2,*, Abdul Rehman Javed3

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.2, pp. 2119-2134, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.040620

    Abstract Kidney infection is a severe medical issue affecting individuals worldwide and increasing mortality rates. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is treatable during its initial phases but can become irreversible and cause renal failure. Among the various diseases, the most prevalent kidney conditions affecting kidney function are cyst growth, kidney tumors, and nephrolithiasis. The significant challenge for the medical community is the immediate diagnosis and treatment of kidney disease. Kidney failure could result from kidney disorders like tumors, stones, and cysts if not often identified and addressed. Computer-assisted diagnostics are necessary to support clinicians’ and specialists’ medical assessments due to the rising… More >

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