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  • Open Access


    Ecosystem Services of Grazed Grasslands in the Flooding Pampa

    Elizabeth J. Jacobo1,#,*, Adriana M. Rodríguez2,#

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.6, pp. 1179-1202, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.050928

    Abstract The Flooding Pampa grasslands are the last remnant of the Rio de la Plata grasslands in Argentina. Anthropogenic interventions have led to severe degradation and, as a result, the ecosystem services provided by the grasslands are declining, in terms of provisioning, regulating, and supporting services. We synthesized the existing literature on the ecosystem goods and services provided by these grasslands under grazing in different conditions and conservation status. We found that plant and animal diversity and primary production are the most studied ecosystem services, while climate regulation, water supply, nutrient cycling, meat production and erosion… More >

  • Open Access


    Response Mechanisms to Flooding Stress in Mulberry Revealed by Multi-Omics Analysis

    Jingtao Hu1, Wenjing Chen1, Yanyan Duan1, Yingjing Ru1, Wenqing Cao1, Pingwei Xiang2, Chengzhi Huang2, Li Zhang2, Jingsheng Chen1, Liping Gan1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.2, pp. 227-245, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.046521

    Abstract Abiotic stress, including flooding, seriously affects the normal growth and development of plants. Mulberry (Morus alba), a species known for its flood resistance, is cultivated worldwide for economic purposes. The transcriptomic analysis has identified numerous differentially expressed genes (DEGs) involved in submergence tolerance in mulberry plants. However, a comprehensive analyses of metabolite types and changes under flooding stress in mulberry remain unreported. A non-targeted metabolomic analysis utilizing liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was conducted to further investigate the effects of flooding stress on mulberry. A total of 1,169 metabolites were identified, with 331 differentially accumulated metabolites… More >

  • Open Access


    Optimization of Gas-Flooding Fracturing Development in Ultra-Low Permeability Reservoirs

    Lifeng Liu1, Menghe Shi2, Jianhui Wang3, Wendong Wang2,*, Yuliang Su2, Xinyu Zhuang2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.3, pp. 595-607, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.041962

    Abstract Ultra-low permeability reservoirs are characterized by small pore throats and poor physical properties, which are at the root of well-known problems related to injection and production. In this study, a gas injection flooding approach is analyzed in the framework of numerical simulations. In particular, the sequence and timing of fracture channeling and the related impact on production are considered for horizontal wells with different fracture morphologies. Useful data and information are provided about the regulation of gas channeling and possible strategies to delay gas channeling and optimize the gas injection volume and fracture parameters. It More >

  • Open Access



    Zijie Chena , Sanat Modaka, Massoud Kavianya,* , Richard Bonnerb

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.14, pp. 1-11, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.14.1

    Abstract In dropwise condensation on vertical surface, droplets grow at nucleation sites, coalesce and reach the departing diameter. In biphilic surfaces, when the hydrophobic domain is small, the maximum droplet diameter is controlled by the shortest dimension where the droplets merge at the boundary. Through direct numerical simulations this size-effect heat transfer coefficient enhancement is calculated. Then the 1-D biphilic surface is optimized considering the size-dependent hydrophilic domain partial flooding (directly simulated as a liquid rivulet and using the capillary limit), the subcooling (heat flux) and condenser length effects. The predicted performance is in good agreement More >

  • Open Access


    Interaction of Foam and Microemulsion Components in Low-Tension-Gas Flooding

    Jing Zhao, Jun Yang*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.7, pp. 1951-1961, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.026115

    Abstract Low-Tension-Foam (LTF) flooding is an emerging enhanced oil recovery technique for low-permeability carbonate reservoirs. Foam capacity is closely related to the salinity environment (or, equivalently, the phase behavior of the oil/water/surfactant system). Therefore, the interactions between microemulsion and foam components are of primary importance in the LTF process. In this study, the phase behavior of an oil/water/surfactant system under equilibrium is analyzed, firstly by assuming perfect mixing. Meanwhile, the formation kinetics of microemulsion are monitored through a novel low-field NMR technique, which is able to provide quantitative assessment on the microemulsion evolution characteristics. Then, foam More >

  • Open Access


    Research on the Corrosion of J55 Steel Due to Oxygen-Reducing Air Flooding in Low-Permeability Reservoirs

    Liang Wang1, Baofeng Hou1, Yanming Fang3, Jintao Zhang2, Fajian Nie1,2,*

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.7, pp. 1925-1937, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.025966

    Abstract Oxygen-reducing air flooding is a low-permeability reservoir recovery technology with safety and low-cost advantages. However, in the process of air injection and drive, carbon in the air is oxidized through the crude oil reservoir to generate CO2, and this can cause serious corrosion in the recovery well. In this study, experiments on the corrosion of J55 tubular steel in a fluid environment with coexisting O2 and CO2 in an autoclave are presented. In particular, a weight loss method and a 3D morphometer were used to determine the average and the local corrosion rate. The corrosion surface morphology More >

  • Open Access


    Pilot Test for Nitrogen Foam Flooding in Low Permeability Reservoir

    Xinyu Zhou1,2, Jia Huang1,2, Yuchen Qian1,2, Wenli Luo1,2, Lisha Qi3, Jie Wang3, Zhibin Jiang3, Hao Kang4,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.3, pp. 763-774, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.025893


    Due to the characteristics of reservoir formation, the producing level of low permeability reservoir is relatively very low. It is hard to obtain high recovery through conventional development schemes. Considering the tight matrix, complex fracture system, low production level of producers, and low recovery factor of M block in Xinjiang oilfield, it is selected for on-site pilot test of nitrogen foam flooding. Detailed flooding scheme is made and the test results are evaluated respectively both for producers and injectors. The pressure index, filling degree, and fluid injection profile are found to be all improved in injectors

    More >

  • Open Access


    Do Geographically Isolated Grasslands Follow the Principle of Island Biogeography in a Landscape Scale? Taking Poyang Lake Grassland as an Example

    Shiqi Luo1,3, Wenbo Chen2,3,*, Lei He4, Qiongbing Xiong1,3

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.2, pp. 455-470, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.022466

    Abstract As one of the basic theories of biodiversity conservation, island biogeography has been widely accepted in the past decades. Originally, island biogeography was put forward and applied in oceanic environments. But later on, it was found out that the application was not only limited to oceanic islands, but also in terrestrial environments with relatively isolated conditions. In terms of biodiversity level, island biogeography generally focuses on a small scale, such as species diversity and genetic diversity. The studies of biodiversity on a large-scale based on island biogeography, such as ecosystem and landscape scales, were seldomly… More >

  • Open Access


    An Integrated Oil Production Enhancement Technology Based on Waterflooding Energy Recovery

    Aleksandr Lekomtsev1,*, Vitaliy Bakaneev1, Ivan Stepanenko1, Petr Maximov1, Yulia Rozhkova1, Alexey Dengaev2, Wanli Kang3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.19, No.2, pp. 285-301, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2022.019809

    Abstract A new integrated oil production enhancement technology based on water-flooding energy recovery is proposed. After providing an extensive review of the existing scientific and technical literature on this subject, the proposed integrated technology is described together with the related process flow diagram, the criteria used to select a target facility for its implementation and the outcomes of the laboratory studies conducted to analyze emulsion formation and separation kinetics. Moreover, the outcomes of numerical simulations performed using Ansys CFX software are also presented. According to these results, using the proposed approach the incremental oil production may More >

  • Open Access


    Production Dynamic Prediction Method of Waterflooding Reservoir Based on Deep Convolution Generative Adversarial Network (DC-GAN)

    Liyuan Xin1,2,3, Xiang Rao1,2,3,*, Xiaoyin Peng1,2,3, Yunfeng Xu1,2,3, Jiating Chen1,2,3

    Energy Engineering, Vol.119, No.5, pp. 1905-1922, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ee.2022.019556

    Abstract The rapid production dynamic prediction of water-flooding reservoirs based on well location deployment has been the basis of production optimization of water-flooding reservoirs. Considering that the construction of geological models with traditional numerical simulation software is complicated, the computational efficiency of the simulation calculation is often low, and the numerical simulation tools need to be repeated iteratively in the process of model optimization, machine learning methods have been used for fast reservoir simulation. However, traditional artificial neural network (ANN) has large degrees of freedom, slow convergence speed, and complex network model. This paper aims to… More >

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