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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Automated Brain Tumor Diagnosis Using Deep Residual U-Net Segmentation Model

    R. Poonguzhali1, Sultan Ahmad2, P. Thiruvannamalai Sivasankar3, S. Anantha Babu3, Pranav Joshi4, Gyanendra Prasad Joshi5, Sung Won Kim6,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.1, pp. 2179-2194, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.032816

    Abstract Automated segmentation and classification of biomedical images act as a vital part of the diagnosis of brain tumors (BT). A primary tumor brain analysis suggests a quicker response from treatment that utilizes for improving patient survival rate. The location and classification of BTs from huge medicinal images database, obtained from routine medical tasks with manual processes are a higher cost together in effort and time. An automatic recognition, place, and classifier process was desired and useful. This study introduces an Automated Deep Residual U-Net Segmentation with Classification model (ADRU-SCM) for Brain Tumor Diagnosis. The presented… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Sailfish Optimizer with EfficientNet Model for Apple Leaf Disease Detection

    Mazen Mushabab Alqahtani1, Ashit Kumar Dutta2, Sultan Almotairi3, M. Ilayaraja4, Amani Abdulrahman Albraikan5, Fahd N. Al-Wesabi6,7,*, Mesfer Al Duhayyim8

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.1, pp. 217-233, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.025280

    Abstract Recent developments in digital cameras and electronic gadgets coupled with Machine Learning (ML) and Deep Learning (DL)-based automated apple leaf disease detection models are commonly employed as reasonable alternatives to traditional visual inspection models. In this background, the current paper devises an Effective Sailfish Optimizer with EfficientNet-based Apple Leaf disease detection (ESFO-EALD) model. The goal of the proposed ESFO-EALD technique is to identify the occurrence of plant leaf diseases automatically. In this scenario, Median Filtering (MF) approach is utilized to boost the quality of apple plant leaf images. Moreover, SFO with Kapur's entropy-based segmentation technique More >

  • Open Access

    REVIEW

    A Thorough Investigation on Image Forgery Detection

    Anjani Kumar Rai*, Subodh Srivastava

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.3, pp. 1489-1528, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.020920

    Abstract Image forging is the alteration of a digital image to conceal some of the necessary or helpful information. It cannot be easy to distinguish the modified region from the original image in some circumstances. The demand for authenticity and the integrity of the image drive the detection of a fabricated image. There have been cases of ownership infringements or fraudulent actions by counterfeiting multimedia files, including re-sampling or copy-moving. This work presents a high-level view of the forensics of digital images and their possible detection approaches. This work presents a thorough analysis of digital image More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Slope Collapse Detection Method Based on Deep Learning Technology

    Xindai An1, Di Wu1,2,*, Xiangwen Xie1, Kefeng Song1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.2, pp. 1091-1103, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.020670

    Abstract So far, slope collapse detection mainly depends on manpower, which has the following drawbacks: (1) low reliability, (2) high risk of human safe, (3) high labor cost. To improve the efficiency and reduce the human investment of slope collapse detection, this paper proposes an intelligent detection method based on deep learning technology for the task. In this method, we first use the deep learning-based image segmentation technology to find the slope area from the captured scene image. Then the foreground motion detection method is used for detecting the motion of the slope area. Finally, we More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Inner Cascaded U2-Net: An Improvement to Plain Cascaded U-Net

    Wenbin Wu1, Guanjun Liu1,*, Kaiyi Liang2, Hui Zhou2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.134, No.2, pp. 1323-1335, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2022.020428

    Abstract Deep neural networks are now widely used in the medical image segmentation field for their performance superiority and no need of manual feature extraction. U-Net has been the baseline model since the very beginning due to a symmetrical U-structure for better feature extraction and fusing and suitable for small datasets. To enhance the segmentation performance of U-Net, cascaded U-Net proposes to put two U-Nets successively to segment targets from coarse to fine. However, the plain cascaded U-Net faces the problem of too less between connections so the contextual information learned by the former U-Net cannot… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Stacked Gated Recurrent Unit Classifier with CT Images for Liver Cancer Classification

    Mahmoud Ragab1,2,3,*, Jaber Alyami4,5

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.3, pp. 2309-2322, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.026877

    Abstract Liver cancer is one of the major diseases with increased mortality in recent years, across the globe. Manual detection of liver cancer is a tedious and laborious task due to which Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) models have been developed to detect the presence of liver cancer accurately and classify its stages. Besides, liver cancer segmentation outcome, using medical images, is employed in the assessment of tumor volume, further treatment plans, and response monitoring. Hence, there is a need exists to develop automated tools for liver cancer detection in a precise manner. With this motivation, the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Diabetic Retinopathy Diagnosis Using Interval Neutrosophic Segmentation with Deep Learning Model

    V. Thanikachalam1,*, M. G. Kavitha2, V. Sivamurugan1

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.44, No.3, pp. 2129-2145, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.026527

    Abstract In recent times, Internet of Things (IoT) and Deep Learning (DL) models have revolutionized the diagnostic procedures of Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) in its early stages that can save the patient from vision loss. At the same time, the recent advancements made in Machine Learning (ML) and DL models help in developing Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) models for DR recognition and grading. In this background, the current research works designs and develops an IoT-enabled Effective Neutrosophic based Segmentation with Optimal Deep Belief Network (ODBN) model i.e., NS-ODBN model for diagnosis of DR. The presented model involves… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Unconstrained Hand Dorsal Veins Image Database and Recognition System

    Mustafa M. Al Rifaee1,*, Mohammad M. Abdallah1, Mosa I. Salah2, Ayman M. Abdalla1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.3, pp. 5063-5073, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.030033

    Abstract Hand veins can be used effectively in biometric recognition since they are internal organs that, in contrast to fingerprints, are robust under external environment effects such as dirt and paper cuts. Moreover, they form a complex rich shape that is unique, even in identical twins, and allows a high degree of freedom. However, most currently employed hand-based biometric systems rely on hand-touch devices to capture images with the desired quality. Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, most hand-based biometric systems have become undesirable due to their possible impact on the spread of the pandemic.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Multilevel Augmentation for Identifying Thin Vessels in Diabetic Retinopathy Using UNET Model

    A. Deepak Kumar1,2,*, T. Sasipraba1

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.35, No.2, pp. 2273-2288, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.028996

    Abstract Diabetic Retinopathy is a disease, which happens due to abnormal growth of blood vessels that causes spots on the vision and vision loss. Various techniques are applied to identify the disease in the early stage with different methods and parameters. Machine Learning (ML) techniques are used for analyzing the images and finding out the location of the disease. The restriction of the ML is a dataset size, which is used for model evaluation. This problem has been overcome by using an augmentation method by generating larger datasets with multidimensional features. Existing models are using only More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Automatic Leukaemia Segmentation Approach for Blood Cancer Classification Using Microscopic Images

    Anuj Sharma1, Deepak Prashar2, Arfat Ahmad Khan3, Faizan Ahmed Khan4, Settawit Poochaya3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.73, No.2, pp. 3629-3648, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.030879

    Abstract Leukaemia is a type of blood cancer that is caused by undeveloped White Blood Cells (WBC), and it is also called a blast blood cell. In the marrow of human bones, leukaemia is developed and is responsible for blood cell generation with leukocytes and WBC, and if any cell gets blasted, then it may become a cause of death. Therefore, the diagnosis of leukaemia in its early stages helps greatly in the treatment along with saving human lives. Subsequently, in terms of detection, image segmentation techniques play a vital role, and they turn out to… More >

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