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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Influence of the Imperfectness of the Interface Conditions on the Dispersion of the Axisymmetric Longitudinal Waves in the Pre-Strained Compound Cylinder

    S. D. Akbarov1,2, C. Ipek3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.70, No.2, pp. 93-122, 2010, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2010.070.093

    Abstract This paper studies the influence of the imperfectness of the interface conditions on the dispersion of the axisymmetric longitudinal waves in the pre-strained compound cylinder. The investigations are made within the framework of the piecewise homogeneous body model by utilizing the 3D linearized theory of elastic waves in elastic bodies with initial stresses. It is assumed that the layers of the compound cylinder are made from high elastic compressible materials and their elasticity relations are given through the harmonic potential. The shear spring type imperfectness of the interface conditions is considered and the degree of More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Dynamical Modeling to Study the Adaptive Immune System and the Influence of Antibodiesin the Immune Memory

    Alexandre de Castro1,2, Carlos Frederico Fronza2, Domingos Alves2,3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.45, No.1, pp. 83-96, 2009, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2009.045.083

    Abstract Immunological systems have been an abundant inspiration to contemporary computer scientists. Problem solving strategies, stemming from known immune system phenomena, have been successfully applied to chall enging problems of modern computing. Simulation systems and mathematical modeling are also beginning use to answer more complex immunological questions as immune memory process and duration of vaccines, where the regulation mechanisms are not still known sufficiently (Lundegaard, Lund, Kesmir, Brunak, Nielsen, 2007). In this article we studiedin machinaa approach to simulate the process of antigenic mutation and its implications for the process of memory. Our results have suggested More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Influence of Crystal Surfaces on Dislocation Interactions in Mesoscopic Plasticity: A Combined Dislocation Dynamics- Finite Element Approach

    R. Martinez1, N. M. Ghoniem2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.3, No.2, pp. 229-244, 2002, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2002.003.229

    Abstract We focus here on the direct coupling of Dislocation Dynamics (DD) computer simulations with the Finite Element Method (FEM) to simulate plastic deformation of micro-scale structures, and investigate the influence of crystal surfaces on dislocation motion. A series of three-dimensional (3-d) DD simulations of BCC single crystals with a single shear loop in the (101)-[111] slip system are first presented. The purpose of these simulations is to explore the relationship between loop force distributions and the proximity of the loop to the crystal boundary. Traction boundary conditions on a single crystal model are satisfied through… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Influence of Ground Stress on Coal Seam Gas Pressure and Gas Content

    Xuebo Zhang1, 2, 3, Zhiwei Jia1, 2, 3, *

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.15, No.1, pp. 53-61, 2019, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2019.04779

    Abstract The influence of ground stress was quantitatively analyzed on coal seam gas pressure and gas content in this paper. Mining activities in coal mine can result in stress concentration in the coal (rock) body around the mining space, but porosity of the coal seam would not change too much. Therefore, gas pressure and gas content in the coal seam are slightly affected. Studies showed that the free gas was gradually transformed into adsorbed gas, and the gas adsorption volume was small, and then gas pressure increases roughly linearly when the porosity decreased because of stress More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparison Between the Influence of Mechanical and Electromagnetic Stirring on Aluminum Ingot Purity During Ohno Continuous Casting

    S. Fashu1 *, M.Tozvireva1, L.Mudzingwa1, R.Khan2, A. Mukuya1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.12, No.4, pp. 173-192, 2016, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2016.012.173

    Abstract This paper outlines the findings in the comparison of the influence of mechanical and electromagnetic stirring on ingot long term purity and uniformity during Ohno Continuous Casting. The magnitude of the average optimum velocity flow field and stirring parameters required to effectively purify aluminum ingots using mechanical stirring of the melt was determined and analyzed. Basing on the determined optimum mechanical flow field, electromagnetic parameters producing almost the same flow field near the interface were obtained through careful adjustments of parameters. Optimum parameters of the mechanical and electromagnetic stirring were obtained by numerically solving the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Influence of Annealing in Nitrogen Atmosphere on the Electrical, Optical and Structural Properties of Spray-Deposited ZnO Thin Films

    Shadia J Ikhmayies1, Naseem M. Abu El-Haija2, Riyad N. Ahmad-Bitar3

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.6, No.2, pp. 219-232, 2010, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2010.006.219

    Abstract Large area and highly uniform polycrystalline ZnO thin films have been produced by a spray pyrolysis (SP) technique resorting to a customized system (spraying) on glass substrates at temperature Ts= 450℃. This study deals with the related investigation about the influence of heat treatment (in nitrogen atmosphere) on the resulting properties (electrical, optical and structural) of such films. Properties are analyzed by means of I-V plots, transmittance curves, X-Ray diffractograms (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) micrographs. Results show that the resistivity of the films decreases from about 200W.cm for the as-deposited films to about… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Influence of Flow Pressure Gradient on Interfacial Wave Properties in Annular Two-Phase Flow at Microgravity and Normal Gravity Conditions

    Huawei Han1, Kamiel S. Gabriel2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 287-298, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.287

    Abstract Data on air-water co-current two-phase annular flow in a tube with an inner diameter of 9.525 mm (3/8 in) were previously collected at both microgravity u-g and normal gravity (1-g) conditions. The data contained measurements of pressure drop, in addition to previously published data of liquid film thickness. This paper presents the results and analysis of the influence of flow pressure gradient on interfacial wave properties of annular flow at both microgravity and normal gravity. The examined wave properties include wave base thickness, wave height (or roughness height), wave spacing, wave speed and wave frequency.… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Influence of Layer Height on Thermal Buoyancy Convection in A System with Two Superposed Fluids Confined in A Parallelepipedic Cavity

    Sunil Punjabi1, K. Muralidhar2, P. K. Panigrahi2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 95-106, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.095

    Abstract Convection in a differentially heated two-layer system consisting of air and water was studied experimentally, using laser-interferometry. The cavity used for flow visualization was square in cross-section and rectangular in-plan having dimensions of 447 × 32 × 32 mm3. Experiments performed over different layer thicknesses of water filled in a square cross-section cavity, the rest being air, are reported in the present work. The following temperature differences for each layer height were imposed across the hot and the cold walls of the superposed fluid layers: (i) ΔT=10K and (ii)ΔT =18 K. The present study was aimed… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Influence of Thermocapillary Convection on Solid-liquid Interface

    K. Matsunaga1, H. Kawamura1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.2, No.1, pp. 59-64, 2006, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2006.002.059

    Abstract Existing studies on solidification phenomena mainly focused on the solidification processes per se. In real systems, however, one cannot neglect the effects of molten material convective flow, such as natural and thermocapillary convection (they strongly affect the resulting quality of the solidified materials). The present study aims to experimentally investigate on the effect of the thermocapillary flow upon the directional solidification in a liquid layer with a free upper surface. If no free surface exists, the solid--liquid interface (SLI) is vertical and straight, while, with the free surface, the SLI is inclined against the wall-normal More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Influence of the Air Gap Layer Thickness on Heat Transfer Between the Glass Cover and the Absorber of a Solar Collector

    F.Z. Ferahta1,2, S. Bougoul1, M. Médale2, C. Abid2

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.8, No.3, pp. 339-352, 2012, DOI:10.3970/fdmp.2012.008.339

    Abstract A numerical study is carried out to evaluate the thermal performances of a solar collector. As it is well known, that the thermal losses of such systems are mainly of a convective nature, the study is concentrated in particular on the features of natural convection that is activated in the air domain delimited by the upper glass and the lower absorber of the solar collector. The efficiency of such a system depends essentially on both the temperature difference and the distance between the absorber and the glass. Since the temperature difference remains an uncontrolled variable More >

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