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  • Open Access


    Research Progress on Plant Anti-Freeze Proteins

    Zhengyang Zhang#, Weixue Liu#, Yinran Huang*, Ping Li*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.93, No.6, pp. 1263-1274, 2024, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2024.050755

    Abstract Plant antifreeze proteins (AFPs) are special proteins that can protect plant cells from ice crystal damage in low-temperature environments, and they play a crucial role in the process of plants adapting to cold environments. Proteins with these characteristics have been found in fish living in cold regions, as well as many plants and insects. Although research on plant AFPs started relatively late, their application prospects are broad, leading to the attention of many researchers to the isolation, cloning, and genetic improvement of plant AFP genes. Studies have found that the distribution of AFPs in different species… More >

  • Open Access


    Trametinib boosts palbociclib’s efficacy in breast cancer via autophagy inhibition


    Oncology Research, Vol.32, No.7, pp. 1197-1207, 2024, DOI:10.32604/or.2024.046139

    Abstract Breast cancer, a predominant global health issue, requires ongoing exploration of new therapeutic strategies. Palbociclib (PAL), a well-known cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor, plays a critical role in breast cancer treatment. While its efficacy is recognized, the interplay between PAL and cellular autophagy, particularly in the context of the RAF/MEK/ERK signaling pathway, remains insufficiently explored. This study investigates PAL’s inhibitory effects on breast cancer using both in vitro (MCF7 and MDA-MB-468 cells) and in vivo (tumor-bearing nude mice) models. Aimed at elucidating the impact of PAL on autophagic processes and exploring the potential of combining it with trametinib… More > Graphic Abstract

    Trametinib boosts palbociclib’s efficacy in breast cancer via autophagy inhibition

  • Open Access


    Identification of Secondary Metabolites in Tunisian Tilia platyphyllos Scop. Using MALDI-TOF and GC-MS

    Ayda Khadhri1, Mohamed Mendili1, Marwa Bannour-Scharinger1, Eric Masson2, Antonio Pizzi2,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.4, pp. 827-842, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.046950

    Abstract This study is the first to evaluate the phytochemical content and biological properties of Tunisian T. platyphyllos Scop. A total of 23 compounds of essential oils were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of bracts and fruit extracts. The results show that oxygenated monoterpenes were the dominant class of essential oils. The phenolic composition was investigated by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF). The analysis showed that the chemical profiles of the ethanolic extracts of bracts and fruits are substantially similar. The highest polyphenol content was found in the ethanolic extracts of the fruits (7.65… More > Graphic Abstract

    Identification of Secondary Metabolites in Tunisian <i>Tilia platyphyllos</i> Scop. Using MALDI-TOF and GC-MS

  • Open Access


    Inhibition of Proliferation, Migration, and Invasion by Knockdown of Pyruvate Kinase-M2 (PKM2) in Ovarian Cancer SKOV3 and OVCAR3 Cells

    Yi Miao1, Meng Lu1, Qin Yan, Shuangdi Li, Youji Feng

    Oncology Research, Vol.24, No.6, pp. 463-475, 2016, DOI:10.3727/096504016X14685034103671

    Abstract Pyruvate kinase (PK) is a key enzyme in the process of glycolysis, catalyzing phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) into pyruvate. Currently, PK isozyme type M2 (PKM2), one subtype of PK, has been proposed as a new tumor marker with high expression in various tumor tissues. Here we aimed to explore the effects of siRNAPKM2 on ovarian carcinoma (OC) cell lines SKOV3 and OVCAR3, in which PKM2 was notably expressed. PKM2 gene interference lentivirus vectors were built by miRNA transfection assay. siRNA-PKM2-transfected SKOV3 and OVCAR3 cells were evaluated for cell proliferation, cell cycle distribution, cell apoptosis, cell migration, and More >

  • Open Access


    Pharmacologic Inhibition of β-Catenin With Pyrvinium Inhibits Murine and Human Models of Wilms Tumor

    Dina Polosukhina*, Harold D. Love*†, Harold L. Moses‡§¶#, Ethan Lee**††, Roy Zent†§**‡‡, Peter E. Clark*‡

    Oncology Research, Vol.25, No.9, pp. 1653-1664, 2017, DOI:10.3727/096504017X14992942781895

    Abstract Wilms tumor (WT) is the most common renal malignancy in children and the fourth most common pediatric solid malignancy in the US. Although the mechanisms underlying the WT biology are complex, these tumors most often demonstrate activation of the canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway. We and others have shown that constitutive activation of β-catenin restricted to the renal epithelium is sufficient to induce primitive renal epithelial tumors, which resemble human WT. Here we demonstrate that pharmacologic inhibition of β-catenin gene transcription with pyrvinium inhibits tumor growth and metastatic progression in a murine model of WT. Cellular invasion More >

  • Open Access


    Inhibition of ERK1/2 Signaling Impairs the Promoting Effects of TGF-β1 on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Invasion and Epithelial–Mesenchymal Transition

    Ling Liu, Nianfeng Li, Qi Zhang, Jixiang Zhou, Ling Lin, Xinxin He

    Oncology Research, Vol.25, No.9, pp. 1607-1616, 2017, DOI:10.3727/096504017X14938093512742

    Abstract Transforming growth factor-b (TGF-β) and ERK signaling have been implicated in various human cancers including hepatocellular carcinoma, but the underlying mechanism remains largely unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of ERK1/2 in the regulation of TGF-β’s promoting and suppressive activities in HCC cells. Our data showed that treatment with TGF-β1 enhanced invasion and epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) in HCC HepG2 cells, accompanied with increased MMP9 production and activation of Smad2/3 and ERK1/2, but inhibited tumor cell proliferation. These effects were eliminated by treatment with SB431542, a TGF-β inhibitor. Afterward, treatment with the… More >

  • Open Access


    Inhibition of MMP-2 Expression Enhances the Antitumor Effect of Sorafenib in Hepatocellular Carcinoma by Suppressing the PI3K/AKT/mTOR Pathway

    Wenliang Tan*†1, Sicong Zhu*†1, Jun Cao*†, Lei Zhang*†, Wenda Li*†, Kairui Liu*†, Jinyi Zhong, Changzhen Shang*†, Yajin Chen*†

    Oncology Research, Vol.25, No.9, pp. 1543-1553, 2017, DOI:10.3727/096504017X14886444100783

    Abstract Sorafenib has been globally approved as the standard treatment for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the response rate of HCC patients to sorafenib is limited because of tumor recurrence and metastasis. Therefore, seeking combined therapeutic strategies with sorafenib is necessary to improve the antitumor efficiency. Here we demonstrated that expression of MMP-2 is positively correlated with the migration ability of HCC cells. Cells with a higher MMP-2 expression (SK-HEP-1 cells) were less sensitive to sorafenib than those with lower MMP-2 expression (HepG2 cells). Cotreatment of cells with SB-3CT and sorafenib more strongly inhibited… More >

  • Open Access


    MicroRNA-98 Plays a Suppressive Role in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Through Inhibition of SALL4 Protein Expression

    Wenliang Liu*, Peng Xiao, Han Wu*, Li Wang*, Demiao Kong*, Fenglei Yu*

    Oncology Research, Vol.25, No.6, pp. 975-988, 2017, DOI:10.3727/096504016X14791726591124

    Abstract MicroRNAs (miRs) have been demonstrated to be significantly associated with the development and progression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the underlying mechanism of miR-98 in mediating the malignant phenotypes of NSCLC cells remains obscure. In this study, we found that miR-98 was significantly downregulated in NSCLC tissues compared to nontumor lung tissues. Downregulation of miR-98 was significantly associated with poor differentiation and advanced clinical stage. Restoration of miR-98 expression significantly decreased the proliferation, migration, and invasion of NSCLC A549 and H1229 cells. SALL4 was identified as a target gene of miR-98, and the… More >

  • Open Access


    Oxysterol-Binding Protein-Related Protein 8 Inhibits Gastric Cancer Growth Through Induction of ER Stress, Inhibition of Wnt Signaling, and Activation of Apoptosis

    Xiaohe Guo*, Lanfang Zhang*, Yingying Fan*, Dezhong Zhang, Lei Qin*, Shuping Dong*, Guangyan Li*

    Oncology Research, Vol.25, No.5, pp. 799-808, 2017, DOI:10.3727/096504016X14783691306605

    Abstract Gastric cancer (GC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Oxysterol-binding proteinrelated protein 8 (ORP8) functions as a sterol sensor that regulates a number of cellular functions. We showed that ORP8 expression was significantly lower in GC tissues and cells. Overexpression of ORP8 significantly inhibited GC cell proliferation in several GC cells. The formation of colonies in AGS cells was inhibited by the overexpression of ORP8. Moreover, overexpression of ORP8 significantly decreased implanted tumor growth in nude mice. Overexpression of ORP8 resulted in a significant increase in CHOP and GRP78 expression and the… More >

  • Open Access


    Overexpression of PER3 Inhibits Self-Renewal Capability and Chemoresistance of Colorectal Cancer Stem-Like Cells via Inhibition of Notch and β-Catenin Signaling

    Feng Zhang*, Hong Sun, Sai Zhang, Xin Yang, Guogang Zhang*, Tao Su

    Oncology Research, Vol.25, No.5, pp. 709-719, 2017, DOI:10.3727/096504016X14772331883976

    Abstract PER3, a circadian clock gene, plays an important role in colorectal cancer, but its action and underlying mechanism in colorectal cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) remain unclear. In this study, the colorectal CSCs were enriched in colorectal HCT-116 sphere-forming cells, expressing lower levels of stem cell markers CD133, CD44, LGR5, and SOX2 compared with HCT-116 cells. A drug-resistant strain from HCT-116 was established. Western blot and qRT-PCR analysis showed that PER3 was downregulated in colorectal CSCs and drug-resistant HCT-116. Overexpression of PER3 could strengthen 5-FU-induced inhibitory effects on colorectal CSCs, but knockdown of PER3 decreased its… More >

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