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  • Open Access


    Mediating Effect of Mindfulness, Self-Esteem and Psychological Resilience in the Relation between Childhood Maltreatment and Life Satisfaction

    He Zhong1,*, Yaping Zhou2, Chenwei Liu3, Yintao Cao2

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.6, pp. 481-489, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2024.049408

    Abstract Childhood maltreatment, as a typical early adverse environment, is known to have a negative impact on one’s life satisfaction. Mindfulness, on the other hand, may serve as a protective factor. This study explored the mediating role of mindfulness and its related variables–positive thoughts, psychological resilience and self-esteem. In order to testify the mechanism, we administered Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) to a non-clinical sample of Chinese university students (N = 1021). The results indicated that positive thoughts More >

  • Open Access


    The Relationship between Self-Esteem and Social Phobia among College Students: The Mediating Effect of Fear of Negative Evaluation and the Moderating Effect of Perfectionism

    Shuai Lv1,2, Zhaojun Chen2,3, Jian Mao4, Hui Wang2,5,*, Peibo Wu2, Yujuan Hai1

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.26, No.6, pp. 491-498, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2024.048917

    Abstract Objectives: To explore the relationship between college students’ self-esteem (SE) and their social phobia (SP), as well as the mediating role of fear of negative evaluation (FNE) and the moderating effect of perfectionism. Methods: A convenience sampling survey was carried out for 1020 college students from Shandong Province of China, utilizing measures of college students’ self-esteem, fear of negative evaluation, perfectionism, and social phobia. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS PROCESS macro. Results: (1) college students’ self-esteem significantly and negatively predicts their social phobia (β = −0.31, t = −10.10, p < 0.001); (2) fear of More >

  • Open Access


    The Relationship between Rural Left-Behind Children’s Physical Activity and Hope: The Mediating Effects of Perceived Social Support

    Menglong Li*, Yujia Ren

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.9, pp. 1033-1039, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.028243

    Abstract It has been confirmed in previous studies that there is a positive correlation between physical activity and hope. In this study, rural left-behind children in China was taken as the participants to investigate the impact of physical activity on hope in rural left-behind children and examine the mediating role of perceived social support in the relationship between physical activity and hope. 797 valid copies of the questionnaire were collected from China. Pearson correlation coefficient was employed to analyze the relationship between physical activity and hope; SEM and Bootstrap were used to test the mediating effect… More >

  • Open Access


    Study on the Relationship between Mental Health Literacy and Psychological Symptoms of University Students: Mediating Effect of Grit

    Yeo-Won Jeong1, Jung-Ha Kim2,*, Hyun-Kyeong Park3

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.25, No.7, pp. 813-821, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2023.027383

    Abstract Background: The occurrence of mental health symptoms is higher in individuals aged between 18 and 24 years than in other age groups. Mental health literacy is derived from health literacy, and focuses on the knowledge, attitudes, and competencies that individuals need to acquire to manage their own health effectively. Low mental health literacy is associated with poorer mental health. Grit is also a known protective factor against mental disorders. Despite a heightened focus on mental health literacy and grit as important factors for decreasing mental health symptoms, knowledge of the effect of mental health literacy and… More >

  • Open Access


    Mechanisms Influencing Learning Gains Under Information Security: Structural Equation Modeling with Mediating Effect

    Teng Zong1,2,*, Fengsi Wang3, Xin Wei2, Yibo Liu1

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.36, No.3, pp. 3447-3468, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.035456

    Abstract With the expanding enrollments in higher education, the quality of college education and the learning gains of students have attracted much attention. It is important to study the influencing factors and mechanisms of individual students’ acquisition of learning gains to improve the quality of talent cultivation in colleges. However, in the context of information security, the original data of learning situation surveys in various universities involve the security of educational evaluation data and daily privacy of teachers and students. To protect the original data, data feature mining and correlation analyses were performed at the model… More >

  • Open Access


    Influence of Blocking-Stressors on Post-90s Employees’ Occupational Mobility: The Chain Mediating Effect of Psychological Contracts and Negative Emotion

    Lixia Niu1,*, Ying Liu1, Jie Liu2, Rui Zhao1

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 527-538, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.017484

    Abstract To clarify the mechanism of blocking-stressors, psychological contracts, and negative emotions on post-90s employees’ occupational mobility, based on the literature study, a hypothetical model of the relationship was established. Using the blocking-stressor, psychological contract, negative emotion, and occupational mobility scales, 317 post-90s employees were selected to investigate their status. It used correlation analysis and intermediary effect tests to verify the hypothesis model. The results showed that: first, there were significant positive correlations between blocking-stressors, negative emotions, and occupational mobility, while indicating a significant negative correlation with the psychological contract; second, blocking-stressors can directly and significantly More >

  • Open Access


    Sequential Mediating Effect of Proactive Coping and Perceived Stress in the Relationships between Self-Esteem Stability and Life Satisfaction

    Seungju Hyun*

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.24, No.3, pp. 425-437, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.018829

    Abstract While the effect of self-esteem stability on life satisfaction is widely verified, it is not very known how coping strategies explain this relationship. The present study focused on proactive coping, a preliminary step to minimize the impact of expected stressors, and a process of recognizing stressful events as challenges and actively managing them. Specifically, this study (N = 280) examined whether proactive coping and perceived stress mediated the relationship between self-esteem stability and life satisfaction in a sequential manner. The results indicate that proactive coping and perceived stress sequentially mediated the relationship between self-esteem stability and More >

  • Open Access


    The Influence of Body Investment on Depression in Chinese College Students: A Moderated Mediating Effect

    Jingjing Wang1, Xiangli Guan1,*, Sumei Yin1, Sha Shen2, Xuejiao Li1, Md Zahir Ahmed3, Mary C. Jobe4, Oli Ahmed5

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.24, No.1, pp. 39-50, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.019635

    Abstract An individual’s perception, attitude, feeling and behavior about their body are important factors for mental health (depression). This study aims to explore the impact of body investment on depression, and the role of self-efficacy and self-esteem in this connection. A hypothetical model about the relationship between body investment, selfefficacy, self-esteem and depression was tested. Using convenient sampling methods, a self-rated cross-sectional survey comprised of paper-based and online modes was conducted among 1,164 college students in Yunnan Province, China from July 2021 to August 2021. The data collection used the body investment scale, self-efficacy scale, self-esteem… More >

  • Open Access


    The Impact of Spiritual Leadership on Employee’s Work Engagement–A Study Based on the Mediating Effect of Goal Self-Concordance and Self-Efficacy

    Lei Chen1, Ting Wen2,*, Jigan Wang1, Hong Gao1

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.24, No.1, pp. 69-84, 2022, DOI:10.32604/ijmhp.2022.018932

    Abstract The average stress of people in China’s workplace is reaching the peak in recent two years. To improve employee’s positive psychological factors, Spiritual leadership has a good performance in this regard. Based on the mediating effect of goal self-concordance and self-efficacy, this paper further studies the impact of spiritual leadership on employee’s work engagement. Through the empirical study, the following conclusions are drawn: (1) Spiritual leadership significantly positively affects the employee’s work engagement. (2) Spiritual leadership has a significant positive effect on goal self-concordance and self-efficacy. (3) Goal self-concordance and self-efficacy have significant positive effects More >

  • Open Access


    Community Workers’ Social Support and Sleep Quality during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Moderated Mediation Model

    Guanghui Lei1, Caihong Yang2,#, Yan Ge3,#, Yan Zhang2,*, Yufei Xie4,*, Jianwen Chen2, Jinyang Wu5

    International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, Vol.23, No.1, pp. 121-140, 2021, DOI:10.32604/IJMHP.2021.013072

    Abstract To explore the relationship between social support and sleep quality of community workers in Wuhan during the coronavirus disease 2019 (the COVID-19 infection epidemic), this research constructed a mediating effect model to explore the mediating psychological mechanism of social support influencing sleep quality of front-line community workers. A total of 500 front-line community workers in Wuhan were investigated. We used the perceived social support scale (PSSS), the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), the perceived stress scale (PSS), and the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) to measure social support, psychological resilience, perceived stress and sleep quality. Specifically,… More >

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