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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Resilience-Oriented Load Restoration Method and Repair Strategies for Regional Integrated Electricity-Natural Gas System

    Keqiang Wang1, Pengyang Zhao1, Changjian Wang2, Zimeng Zhang1, Yu Zhang1, Jia Lu1, Zedong Yang2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.4, pp. 1091-1108, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.044016

    Abstract The rising frequency of extreme disaster events seriously threatens the safe and secure operation of the regional integrated electricity-natural gas system (RIENGS). With the growing level of coupling between electric and natural gas systems, it is critical to enhance the load restoration capability of both systems. This paper proposes a coordinated optimization strategy for resilience-enhanced RIENGS load restoration and repair scheduling and transforms it into a mixed integer second-order cone programming (MISOCP) model. The proposed model considers the distribution network reconfiguration and the coordinated repair strategy between the two systems, minimizing the total system load More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    MECHANISMS AND APPLICATIONS OF CATALYTIC COMBUSTION OF NATURAL GAS*

    Shihong Zhang#, Ning Li, Zhihua Wang

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.2, No.3, pp. 1-5, 2011, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v2.3.3004

    Abstract This article discussed the thermal efficiency, stability and pollutant emissions characteristics of the combustion of lean natural gas-air mixtures in Pd metal based honeycomb monoliths by means of experiments on a practical burner V. The chemistry at work in the monoliths was then investigated by the stagnation point flow reactor( SPFR), a fundamental experimental reactor. It was found that catalytic combustion inhibited the extent of gas-phase oxidation and increased the surface temperature of homogeneous ignition. According to the applications of catalytic combustion in the condenser boiler, the data of catalytic combustion condenser boiler V were More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Investigation of Combined Production of Natural Gas Hydrate and Conventional Gas

    Hongzhi Xu1,2, Jian Wang1,3, Shuxia Li1,*, Fengrui Zhao1, Chengwen Wang1, Yang Guo1

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.3, pp. 505-523, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.030604

    Abstract Natural gas hydrate (NGH) is generally produced and accumulated together with the underlying conventional gas. Therefore, optimizing the production technology of these two gases should be seen as a relevant way to effectively reduce the exploitation cost of the gas hydrate. In this study, three types of models accounting for the coexistence of these gases are considered. Type A considers the upper hydrate-bearing layer (HBL) adjacent to the lower conventional gas layer (CGL); with the Type B a permeable interlayer exists between the upper HBL and the lower CGL; with the type C there is… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    COMBUSTION EFFICIENCY INSIDE CATALYTIC HONEYCOMB MONOLITH CHANNEL OF NATURAL GAS BURNER START-UP AND LOW CARBON ENERGY OF CATALYTIC COMBUSTION

    Shihong Zhang*,Zhihua Wang

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.4, No.2, pp. 1-6, 2013, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v4.2.3005

    Abstract This article discussed exhaust gas temperature and pollutant emissions characteristics of the combustion of rich natural gas-air mixtures in Pd metal based honeycomb monoliths burner during the period of start-up process. The burner needs to be ignited by gas phase combustion with the excessive air coefficient (a) at 1.3. The chemistry at work in the monoliths was then investigated using the stagnation point flow reactor or SPFR. The experimental results in catalytic monolith can be explained from SPFR. The exhaust gas temperature and pollutant emissions were measured by thermocouple K of diameter 0.5 and the More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Numerical Simulation of Asphaltene Precipitation and Deposition during Natural Gas and CO2 Injection

    Shasha Feng*, Yi Liao, Weixin Liu, Jianwen Dai, Mingying Xie, Li Li

    FDMP-Fluid Dynamics & Materials Processing, Vol.20, No.2, pp. 275-292, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fdmp.2023.041825

    Abstract Asphaltene deposition is a significant problem during gas injection processes, as it can block the porous medium, the wellbore, and the involved facilities, significantly impacting reservoir productivity and ultimate oil recovery. Only a few studies have investigated the numerical modeling of this potential effect in porous media. This study focuses on asphaltene deposition due to natural gas and CO2 injection. Predictions of the effect of gas injection on asphaltene deposition behavior have been made using a 3D numerical simulation model. The results indicate that the injection of natural gas exacerbates asphaltene deposition, leading to a significant… More > Graphic Abstract

    Numerical Simulation of Asphaltene Precipitation and Deposition during Natural Gas and CO<sub>2</sub> Injection

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    A Feasibility Study of Using Geothermal Energy to Enhance Natural Gas Production from Offshore Gas Hydrate Reservoirs by CO2 Swapping

    Md Nahin Mahmood*, Boyun Guo

    Energy Engineering, Vol.120, No.12, pp. 2707-2720, 2023, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.042996

    Abstract The energy industry faces a significant challenge in extracting natural gas from offshore natural gas hydrate (NGH) reservoirs, primarily due to the low productivity of wells and the high operational costs involved. The present study offers an assessment of the feasibility of utilizing geothermal energy to augment the production of natural gas from offshore gas hydrate reservoirs through the implementation of the methane-CO2 swapping technique. The present study expands the research scope of the authors beyond their previous publication, which exclusively examined the generation of methane from marine gas hydrates. Specifically, the current investigation explores the… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    STUDY ON THE CHARACTERISTICS OF CATALYTIC COMBUSTION FURNACE OF NATURAL GAS AND INFLUENCE OF ITS EXHAUST GAS TO PLANT

    Shihong Zhang* , Fangjing Jia, Rui Zhang

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.8, pp. 1-5, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.8.4

    Abstract This article discussed the radiation and pollutant emissions characteristics of the catalytic combustion furnace based the combustion of lean natural gas-air mixtures in catalytic honeycomb monoliths and the influence of its exhaust gas on schefflera plants growth by means of theory and experiments. The radiation efficiency of the monolith alone varied from approximately 20% to 40%. The glazed tiles heated by the catalytic combustion furnace are more fine and glossy than that of conventional ones. Schefflera plants in experimental group in a greenhouse filling with catalytic combustion exhaust gas. On contrary, schefflera plants in control More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL SIMULATION ON CONDENSING FLOW OF WATER VAPOR OF WET NATURAL GAS INSIDE THE NOZZLE

    Rongge Xiaoa , Wenbo Jina,*, Shicong Hanb , Rui Lia , Xuewen Caoc

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.9, pp. 1-8, 2017, DOI:10.5098/hmt.9.6

    Abstract Combines theories of gas dynamics, fluid dynamics and numerical heat transfer theory, the condensing flow characteristics of water vapor in wet natural gas within the Laval nozzle were studied. A mathematical model was developed to predict the spontaneous condensing phenomenon in the supersonic flows using the classical nucleation and droplet growth theories. The numerical approach is validated with the experimental data by using UDF and UDS modules in FLUENT software, which shows a good agreement between them, and showed that the mathematical model can better predict the parameter changes in the condensation process. The condensation… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    SUPERSONIC CONDENSATION CHARACTERISTICS OF CO2 IN NATURAL GAS UNDER DIFFERENT TEMPERATURE CONDITIONS

    Huan Zhenga,*, Yuliang Mab , Huaping Meic , Xiaohong Xua , Xiguang Chend , Xunchen Caoe

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.11, pp. 1-6, 2018, DOI:10.5098/hmt.11.34

    Abstract The supersonic separator has proved to be an effective method to condense and separate CO2 from natural gas, and the inlet temperature plays a vital role on condensation characteristics of CO2 in the supersonic separator due to the instability temperature of wellhead natural gas. In this paper, the physical and mathematical models for the supersonic condensation process of CO2 in the natural gas were established on the basis of CO2 droplet surface tension, nucleation and growth model. The flow and condensation parameters were investigated under different temperature conditions. The results show that when the inlet gas pressure… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    STUDY ON THE LIFETIME OF CATALYST IN CATALYTIC COMBUSTION FURNACE OF NATURAL GAS AND APPLICATIONS OF HEATING POTTERY

    Shihong Zhang* , Hui Yang

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-5, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.6

    Abstract This article discussed the lifetime of catalyst on cost effect for catalytic combustion furnace and applications of pottery heated by catalytic combustion furnace in purification water. The time of start-up process rises with the increase of the number of ignition. The catalyst sintering was remarkable. By reducing the number of ignition and adjusting the temperature rise uniformly in the furnace, the efficient utilization of thermal energy could be realized to saving production cost and extending the lifetime of catalyst. With exquisite and even-textured surface the pottery had striking purification effect on water. The water purification More >

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