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  • Open Access


    Numerical investigation of penetration in Ceramic/Aluminum targets using Smoothed particle hydrodynamics method and presenting a modified analytical model

    Ehsan Hedayati1, Mohammad Vahedi2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.113, No.3, pp. 295-323, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2017.113.307

    Abstract Radius of ceramic cone can largely contribute into final solution of analytic models of penetration into ceramic/metal targets. In the present research, a modified model based on radius of ceramic cone was presented for ceramic/aluminum targets. In order to investigate and evaluate accuracy of the presented analytic model, obtained results were compared against the results of the Florence’s analytic model and also against numerical modeling results. The phenomenon of impact onto ceramic/aluminum composites were modeled using smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) implemented utilizing ABAQUS Software. Results indicated that, with increasing initial velocity and ceramic thickness and… More >

  • Open Access


    Meshless LocalWeak form Method Based on a Combined Basis Function for Numerical Investigation of Brusselator Model and Spike Dynamics in the Gierer-Meinhardt System

    Mohammad Ilati1, Mehdi Dehghan2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.109-110, No.4, pp. 325-360, 2015, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2015.109.325

    Abstract In this paper, at first, a new combined shape function is proposed. Then, based on this shape function, the meshless local weak form method is applied to find the numerical solution of time-dependent non-linear Brusselator and Gierer- Meinhardt systems. The combined shape function inherits the properties of radial point interpolation (RPI), moving least squares (MLS) and moving Kriging (MK) shape functions and is controlled by control parameters, which take different values in the domain [0;1]. The combined shape function provides synchronic use of different shape functions and this leads to more flexibility in the used More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Investigation of a Hybrid Wave Absorption Method in 3D Numerical Wave Tank

    Chengxi Li1

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.107, No.2, pp. 125-153, 2015, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2015.107.125

    Abstract Applying an efficient numerical wave absorption method is very important for realization of an open sea condition especially for long time numerical fluid structure interaction simulation. This paper proposed a hybrid numerical wave absorption method for the fully nonlinear fluid structure simulation. A numerical code “QBEM” which is based on the quadratic boundary element method is applied to evaluate the efficiency of the wave absorption methods and damping schemes by checking the energy conservation and wave elevation in the computational domain. Specifically, we conduct a 3D numerical wave tank experiment to find the bestperforming damping More >

  • Open Access


    Experimental and Numerical Investigation for Membrane Deployment using SPH and ALE Formulations

    Essam Al-Bahkali1,2, Hisham Elkenani1, Souli Mhamed3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.104, No.5, pp. 405-424, 2015, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2015.104.405

    Abstract Simulation of airbag and membrane deployment under pressurized gas problems becomes more and more the focus of computational engineering, where FEM (Finite element Methods) for structural mechanics and Finite Volume for CFD are dominant. New formulations have been developed for FSI applications using mesh free methods as SPH method, (Smooth Particle Hydrodynamic). Up to these days very little has been done to compare different methods and assess which one would be more suitable. For small deformation, FEM Lagrangian formulation can solve structure interface and material boundary accurately, the main limitation of the formulation is high… More >

  • Open Access


    A (Constrained) Microstretch Approach in Living Tissue Modeling: a Numerical Investigation Using the Local Point Interpolation – Boundary Element Method

    Jean-Philippe Jehl1, Richard Kouitat Njiwa2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.102, No.5, pp. 345-358, 2014, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2014.102.345

    Abstract Extended continuum mechanical approaches are now becoming increasingly popular for modeling various types of microstructured materials such as foams and porous solids. The potential advantages of the microcontinuum approach are currently being investigated in the field of biomechanical modeling. In this field, conducting a numerical investigation of the material response is evidently of paramount importance. This study sought to investigate the potential of the (constrained) microstretch modeling method. The problem’s field equations have been solved by applying a numerical approach combining the conventional isotropic boundary elements method with local radial point interpolation. Our resulting numerical More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Investigation on Direct MLPG for2D and 3D Potential Problems

    Annamaria Mazzia1, Giorgio Pini1, Flavio Sartoretto2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.88, No.3, pp. 183-210, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.088.183

    Abstract Pure meshless techniques are promising methods for solving Partial Differential Equations (PDE). They alleviate difficulties both in designing discretization meshes, and in refining/coarsening, a task which is demanded e.g. in adaptive strategies. Meshless Local Petrov Galerkin (MLPG) methods are pure meshless techniques that receive increasing attention. Very recently, new methods, called Direct MLPG (DMLPG), have been proposed. They rely upon approximating PDE via the Generalized Moving Least Square method. DMLPG methods alleviate some difficulties of MLPG, e.g. numerical integration of tricky, non-polynomial factors, in weak forms. DMLPG techniques require lower computational costs respect to their More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Investigation of Creep Damage Development in the Ni-Based Superalloy IN738 LC at 850 °C

    Wolfgang Brocks1, Weidong Qi2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.3, No.3, pp. 313-320, 2002, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2002.003.313

    Abstract Results of a numerical study of creep damage development and its effect on the deformation behavior in the Ni-based superalloy IN 738 LC at 850 °C are reported. A continuum damage mechanics based anisotropic damage model has been coupled with the unified model of Chaboche, and is used for the present study. Numerical computations are performed on a plate containing a circular hole under tension. They show that the applied damage model does not cause damage localization and no significant mesh-dependence of the results are observed. More >

  • Open Access


    Ale Formulation with Explosive Mass Scaling for Blast Loading: Experimental and Numerical Investigation

    Souli M.1, Bouamoul A.2, Nguyen-Dang T.V.3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.86, No.5, pp. 469-486, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.086.469

    Abstract Protection of military vehicles against blast mine and high explosive in air is of a great concern in defence industry. Anti-Vehicle (AV) mines and Improvised Explosive Devices (IED's) are capable of inflecting damage to heavy vehicles. For the last decades, numerical simulation of blast wave propagation and its interaction with surrounding structures becomes more and more the focus of computational engineering, since experimental tests are very expensive and time consuming. This paper presents an experimental and numerical investigation of blast wave propagation in air, using an Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) multi-material formulation developed in LS-DYNA… More >

  • Open Access


    Numerical Investigation of a Vibroacoustic Analysis with Different Formulations

    M. Amdi1, M. Souli1, J. Hargreaves2, F. Erchiqui3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.85, No.4, pp. 329-346, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.085.329

    Abstract Simulation of vibroacoustic problems becomes more and more the focus of engineering in the last decades for acoustic comfort in automotive industry to reduce noise and vibration inside a cabin and also in sport industry to analyze sound produced by a club impacting a golf ball to avoid unexpected noise problems during the design process. Traditionally, Finite element and Boundary element methods are used in frequency domain to model pressure noise from structure vibration in low and mid frequency range. These methods require velocity in frequency domain on the vibrating structure as boundary conditions. To… More >

  • Open Access


    Fluid Structure Interaction for Bird Impact Problem: Experimental and Numerical Investigation

    Souli, M.1, Gabrys, J.2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.85, No.2, pp. 177-192, 2012, DOI:10.3970/cmes.2012.085.177

    Abstract Bird impacts on aircraft are very common and cause significant safety threats to commercial and military aircraft. According to FAA ( Federal American Aviation) regulations, aircraft should be able to land safely following specified types of bird impact on components such as radomes, windshields, engines leading edge structures and other exposed components. Thus exposed components are required to be certified for bird impact. In order to evaluate whether the aircraft is compliant to FAA requirements, several experimental tests and numerical simulations of bird impact on components need to be preformed. This paper presents an experimental More >

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