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  • Open Access

    Analysis of Subcellular Localization and Pathogenicity of Plum Bark Necrosis Stem-Pitting Associated Virus Protein P6

    Yuanyuan Li1,#, Jinze Mu2,#, Qingliang Li1, Huabing Liu3, Xuefeng Yuan2,*, Deya Wang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.7, pp. 2079-2085, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.028237

    Abstract Infection of plum bark necrosis stem pitting associated virus (PBNSPaV) has been reported in many Prunus species in several countries, causing significant economic losses. The very small proteins encoded by plant viruses are often overlooked due to their short sequences and uncertain significance. However, numerous studies have indicated that they might play important roles in the pathogenesis of virus infection. The role of small hydrophobic protein P6, encoded by the open reading frame 2 of PBNSPaV, has not been well explored. In this study, we amplified the P6 fragment from a PBNSPaV isolate by RT-PCR using specific primers and found… More >

  • Open Access


    Identification of Resistance to Pathogenesis Related Protein GmPR1L in Tobacco Botrytis cinerea Infection

    Yeyao Du1,#, Ye Zhang2,#, Yang Song1, Zhuo Zhang1, Sujie Fan1, Hanzhu Zhang1, Piwu Wang1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.6, pp. 1907-1920, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.027607

    Abstract Soybean (Glycine max (Linn.) Merr.) annual leguminous crop is cultivated all over the world. The occurrence of diseases has a great impact on the yield and quality of soybean. In this study, based on the RNA-seq of soybean variety M18, a complete CDS (Coding sequence) GmPR1L of the pathogenesis-related protein 1 family was obtained, which has the ability to resist fungal diseases. The overexpression vector and interference expression vector were transferred into tobacco NC89, and the resistance of transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) to Botrytis cinerea infection was identified. The results show that: Compared with the control, the activities of… More >

  • Open Access


    DNA methylation as a mediator of epigenetic regulation in the pathogenesis and precision medicine of osteoarthritis: An updated review


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.4, pp. 761-772, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.026698

    Abstract The pathophysiology of osteoarthritis (OA) is multifactorial, with the primary risk factors being obesity, age, environmental variables, and genetic predisposition. The available evidence suggests that genetic diversity does not adequately account for all clinical characteristics and heterogeneity of OA. Genetics has emerged as a nascent and crucial area of research in OA. The epigenetic module presents a potential link between genetic and environmental risk factors and the susceptibility and pathogenesis of OA. As a critical epigenetic alteration, DNA methylation has been shown to have an important role in the etiology of OA and is a viable biomarker for predicting disease… More >

  • Open Access


    Review on microbial metabolomics of probiotics and pathogens: Methodologies and applications


    BIOCELL, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 91-107, 2023, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2023.024310

    Abstract In recent years, microbial metabolomics, a new field that has attracted wide attention, provides a map of metabolic pathways and clarifies the interaction mechanism between microorganisms and hosts. Many microorganisms are found in the human intestine, oral cavity, vagina, etc. Probiotics could maintain the good health of the host, while pathogens and an imbalance of bacterial flora lead to a series of diseases of the body and mind. Metabolomics is a science for qualitative and quantitative analysis of all metabolites in an organism or biological system, which could provide key information to understand the related metabolic pathways and associated changes.… More >

  • Open Access


    In Vitro Anti-Bacterial and Anti-Fungal Activities of Extracts from Different Parts of 7 Zingiberaceae Plants

    Lixian Wu1,#, Yongquan Li1,#, Qiaoguang Li2, Jingxuan Li1, Qinghua Lao1, Yucheng Zhong1, Hui Zhang1,*, Xiu Hu1,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.2, pp. 975-989, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.023547

    Abstract This study aimed to explore the anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activities of extracts from different parts of plants in the Zingiberaceae family. The inhibitory rate, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of leaf and stem, and root and rhizome extracts from Alpinia katsumadai Hayata, Alpinia oxyphylla Miq × Alpinia henryi K. Schumann, Alpinia oblongifolia Hayata, Alpinia nigra (Gaertn.) Burtt, Amomum villosum Lour, Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) Burtt. et Smith and Alpinia oxyphylla Miq were determined using the fungus cake method and double dilution method. The seven Zingiberaceae plants exhibited characteristic antibacterial activities against pathogenic bacteria and fungi. At a… More >

  • Open Access


    Characterization and Pathogenicity of Pseudopestalotiopsis vietnamensis Causing Gray Blight of Wuyi Rock Tea (Camellia sinensis) in China and Specific Mechanisms of Disease Infection

    Guangheng Wu1,#,*, Lu Rui2,3,#, Xiang Lu4, Libo Han2, Gan Lv1, Xianyu Fu5, Jinxian Liu5, Nong Zhou3, Chuanhai Zhang1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.1, pp. 131-147, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.021919

    Abstract Gray blight disease (GBD) causes significant losses in tea production in China. Although genes and biological processes involved in resistance to fungal disease in tea plants have been identified, specific mechanisms of the GBD infection process remain unknown. In this study, morphological and multi-gene (TEF-TUB-ITS) phylogenetic characteristics were used to identify isolate CLBB1 of Pseudopestalotiopsis vietnamensis. Pathogenicity tests confirmed that isolate CLBB1 from tea leaves caused GBD in the susceptible tea cultivar Wuyi Rock (Camellia sinensis var. sinensis cv. Shuixian). Spores began to germinate 24 h after infection (hai), and after 48 h, elongated fungal hyphae formed from a single conidium. Transcriptome… More >

  • Open Access


    Detection of Diabetic Retinopathy from Retinal Images Using DenseNet Models

    R. Nandakumar1, P. Saranya2,*, Vijayakumar Ponnusamy3, Subhashree Hazra2, Antara Gupta2

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.45, No.1, pp. 279-292, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.028703

    Abstract A prevalent diabetic complication is Diabetic Retinopathy (DR), which can damage the retina’s veins, leading to a severe loss of vision. If treated in the early stage, it can help to prevent vision loss. But since its diagnosis takes time and there is a shortage of ophthalmologists, patients suffer vision loss even before diagnosis. Hence, early detection of DR is the necessity of the time. The primary purpose of the work is to apply the data fusion/feature fusion technique, which combines more than one relevant feature to predict diabetic retinopathy at an early stage with greater accuracy. Mechanized procedures for… More >

  • Open Access


    Synthesis, Characterization and Remedial Action of Biogenic Silver Nanoparticles and Chitosan-Silver Nanoparticles against Bacterial Pathogens

    Piyush Kumar Gupta1, D. Karthik Kumar2, M. Thaveena3, Soumya Pandit1, Somya Sinha4, R. Ranjithkumar2,* , Walaa F. Alsanie5, Vijay Kumar Thakur6,7,8,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.12, pp. 3093-3105, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.019335

    Abstract Custard apple is a dry land fruit. Its leaves exhibit different pharmacological activities. In the present study, both silver (Ag) nanoparticles and chitosan-coated Ag (Chi-Ag) nanoparticles were fabricated using the aqueous leaf extract of the custard apple plant. During preliminary phytochemical analysis, various types of phytocompounds were found in the aqueous leaf extract of the same plant. Next, both nanoparticles were physiochemically characterized. FTIR analysis exhibited the fingerprint vibrational peaks of active bioactive compounds in plant extract, Ag nanoparticles, and Chi-Ag nanoparticles. UV/Visible spectral analysis revealed the highest absorbance peak at 419 nm, indicating the presence of Ag nanoparticles. XRD… More > Graphic Abstract

    Synthesis, Characterization and Remedial Action of Biogenic Silver Nanoparticles and Chitosan-Silver Nanoparticles against Bacterial Pathogens

  • Open Access


    Distribution, Etiology, Molecular Genetics and Management Perspectives of Northern Corn Leaf Blight of Maize (Zea mays L.)

    M. Ashraf Ahangar1, Shabir Hussain Wani1,*, Zahoor A. Dar2, Jan Roohi1, Fayaz Mohiddin1, Monika Bansal3, Mukesh Choudhary4, Sumit K. Aggarwal4, S. A. Waza1, Khursheed Ahmad Dar5, Ayman El Sabagh6,7, Celaleddin Barutcular8, Omer Konuşkan9, Mohammad Anwar Hossain10,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.91, No.10, pp. 2111-2133, 2022, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.020721

    Abstract Maize is cultivated extensively throughout the world and has the highest production among cereals. However, Northern corn leaf blight (NCLB) disease caused by Exherohilum turcicum, is the most devastating limiting factor of maize production. The disease causes immense losses to corn yield if it develops prior or during the tasseling and silking stages of crop development. It has a worldwide distribution and its development is favoured by cool to moderate temperatures with high relative humidity. The prevalence of the disease has increased in recent years and new races of the pathogen have been reported worldwide. The fungus E. turcicum is… More >

  • Open Access


    Identification of a new Hazelnut disease in Liaoning Province: Hazelnut husk brown rot


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.9, pp. 2145-2149, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2022.020500

    Abstract Hazelnut husk brown rot has been identified as a new disease in Liaoning Province in recent years. The objective of this study as to identify the pathogen. [Method] In this study, a standard sample of hazelnut husk brown rot was collected from Songmudao Base in Dalian City, Liaoning Province. The pathogen was identified by the studies of the morphology, pathogenicity, and analyses of ITS and LSU sequences. The pathogen was isolated and purified, which was confirmed by Koch’s postulates. The symptoms after inoculation were the same as those collected directly from a diseased tree, which showed that it was the… More >

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