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  • Open Access


    Adsorption of Malachite Green Using Activated Carbon from Mangosteen Peel: Optimization Using Box-Behnken Design

    Nabila Eka Yuningsih, Latifa Ariani, Suprapto Suprapto, Ita Ulfin, Harmami Harmami, Hendro Juwono, Yatim Lailun Ni’mah*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.5, pp. 981-992, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.049109

    Abstract In this research, activated carbon from mangosteen peel has been synthesized using sulfuric acid as an activator. The adsorption performance of the activated carbon was optimized using malachite green dye as absorbate. Malachite green dye waste is a toxic and non-biodegradable material that damages the environment. Optimization of adsorption processes was carried out using Response Surface Methodology (RSM) with a Box-Behnken Design (BBD). The synthesized activated carbon was characterized using FTIR and SEM instruments. The FTIR spectra confirmed the presence of a sulfonate group (-SOH) in the activated carbon, indicating that the activation process using… More >

  • Open Access


    Peeling by Pulling: Characterizing the Mechanical Behavior of Nanoscale Thin Films

    Zhaohe Dai1,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.26, No.2, pp. 1-1, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.09223

    Abstract The flexible and clinging nature of ultra-thin films require the understanding of their elastic and adhesive properties in a wide range of circumstances from fabrications to applications. Simultaneously measuring both properties, however, is extremely difficult as the film thickness diminishes to nanoscales. In this talk, I will show our recent work that addresses such difficulties through peeling by vertically pulling thin films off from the substrates (we thus refer to it as “pull-to-peel”). Particularly, we perform in-situ pull-to-peel of graphene and MoS2 films in a scanning electron microscope and achieve simultaneous determination of their Young’s More >

  • Open Access


    Valorization of Tunisian Pomegranate Peel Tannins in Green Adhesives Formulation

    Houda Saad1,2,*, Antonio Pizzi3,4, Bertrand Charrier2, Naceur Ayed1, Karsten Rode5, Fatima Charrier - El Bouhtoury2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.3, No.1, pp. 34-43, 2015, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2014.634130

    Abstract The possible use of Tunisian pomegranate tannins in wood adhesive formulation was studied for the fi rst time. Colorimetric tests, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-fl ight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry were used to examine pomegranate tannins. Analysis showed that pomegranate peels are rich in hydrolyzable tannins. The Stiasny number tests showed the low reactivity of pomegranate tannin extract to formaldehyde and thus the diffi culty of using it in wood adhesive formulation. Thermomechanical analysis (TMA) and strength analysis of pomegranate tannin/hexamine-based resin showed weak bonding properties. More >

  • Open Access


    Characterization of Potential Cellulose from Hylocereus Polyrhizus (Dragon Fruit) peel: A Study on Physicochemical and Thermal Properties

    Nurul Hanan Taharuddin1, Ridhwan Jumaidin2,*, Muhd Ridzuan Mansor1, Fahmi Asyadi Md Yusof3, Roziela Hanim Alamjuri4,*

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.1, pp. 131-145, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.021528

    Abstract The strict environmental regulations to overcome the drawbacks of consumption and disposal of non-renewable synthetic materials have motivated this investigation. The physical, chemical, morphological, and thermal properties of Hylocereus Polyrhizus peel (HPP) powder obtained from the raw materials were examined in this study. The physical properties analyzes of Hylocereus Polyrhizus peel (HPP) powder discovered that the moisture content, density, and water holding capacity were 9.70%, 0.45 g/cm3 , and 98.60%, respectively. Meanwhile, the chemical composition analysis of Hylocereus Polyrhizus peel (HPP) powder revealed that the powder was significantly high in cellulose contents (34.35%) from other bio-peel wastes. The… More > Graphic Abstract

    Characterization of Potential Cellulose from <i>Hylocereus Polyrhizus</i> (Dragon Fruit) peel: A Study on Physicochemical and Thermal Properties

  • Open Access


    Differential metabolome landscape of Kadsura coccinea fruit tissues and potential valorization of the peel and seed tissues


    BIOCELL, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 285-296, 2022, DOI:10.32604/biocell.2021.016253

    Abstract Kadsura coccinea (Lem.) is a woody wine plant with a peculiar fruit enriched in important health-promoting compounds. The non-editable part of the fruit, i.e., the seed and peel, represents more than 60% of the fruit and is considered a biowaste. This significantly restricts the development of the K. coccinea fruit industry. Clarifying the metabolic components of the different fruit parts can help to improve the utilization rate and valorization of K. coccinea. Herein, we evaluated K. coccinea fruit peel, pulp, and seed using widely-targeted metabolomics and quantified a set of 736 bioactive compounds from 11 major metabolite classes. The… More >

  • Open Access


    Nanofibrillation of Bacterial Cellulose Using High-Pressure Homogenization and Its Films Characteristics

    Heru Suryanto1,2,*, Muhamad Muhajir1, Bili Darnanto Susilo1, Yanuar Rohmat Aji Pradana1, Husni Wahyu Wijaya2,3, Abu Saad Ansari4, Uun Yanuhar5

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.9, No.10, pp. 1717-1728, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2021.015312

    Abstract The microstructure of bacterial cellulose nanofibers (BCNs) film affects its characteristic. One of several means to engineer the microstructure is by changing the BCNs size and fiber distribution through a high-pressure homogenizer (HPH) process. This research aimed to find out the effects of repetition cycles on HPH process towards BCNs film characteristics. To prepare BCNs films, a pellicle from the fermentation of pineapple peels waste with Acetobacter xylinum (A. xylinum) was extracted, followed by crushing the pellicle with a high-speed blender, thereafter, homogenized using HPH at 150 bar pressure with variations of 5, 10, 15, and 20… More >

  • Open Access


    In vitro antiviral activity and phytochemical screen in the extracts of peels from four species of tropical fruits collected in Merida Yucatan, Mexico

    Chel-Guerrero LD1, R Gómez-Cansino2, SL Gúzman-Gutierrez3, MG Campos-Lara4, E Saury-Duch1, F Díaz de León Sánchez5, R Reyes-Chilpa6, JA Mendoza-Espinoza7

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.87, pp. 68-71, 2018, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2018.87.068

    Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate extracts from the peels of Annona squamosa L. (purple sugar apple), Annona reticulata L. (custard apple), Chrysophyllum cainito L. (green star apple), and Melicoccus bijugatus Jacq. (mamoncillo), as potential sources of anti-HIV-1 agents. Methanolic extracts from the peels of the aforementioned tropical fruits were obtained by maceration. Antiviral activity was evaluated through HIV-1 RT inhibition by extracts, using a non-radioactive immuno/colorimetric assay (Lenti RT Activity Assay, Cavidi Tech). Assay was performed according to the protocol provided by the manufacturer. Extracts from the peels of A. squamosa, A. reticulata, and C. cainito showed high More >

  • Open Access


    Synthesis and Characterization of Nanocrystalline Cellulose Derived from Pineapple Peel Residues

    Melissa Camacho1, Yendry Regina Corrales Ureña*,1, Mary Lopretti2, Leonel Bustamante Carballo1, Galia Moreno1, Brian Alfaro1, Jose Roberto Vega Baudrit1,3

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.5, No.5, pp. 271-279, 2017, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2017.634117

    Abstract Pineapple peel biomass was used as raw material for nanocellulose extraction. The raw material is a residue from the Costa Rican fruit industry. The nanocellulose was obtained by a two-step hydrolysis process. Firstly, the cellulose was hydrolyzed with HCl to obtain microcrystalline cellulose. In the second step, the hydrolysis was carried out using H2SO4 to obtain smaller fragments and decrease the lignin content. A timedependent study was carried out to determine the particle size decrease depending on the contact time with the H2SO4. The chemical, thermal and morphological properties were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared More >

  • Open Access


    Valorization of Citrus Waste: Use in Catalysis for the Oxidation of Sulfides

    María Belén Colombo Migliorero, Valeria Palermo*, Patricia Graciela Vázquez, Gustavo Pablo Romanelli

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.5, No.3-4, pp. 167-173, 2017, DOI:10.7569/JRM.2017.634108

    Abstract The utilization and valorization of industrial waste is an effective strategy for environmental protection. Since the juice industry generates a huge amount of citrus waste, we studied the application of thermally treated orange peel in catalysis. On the other hand, Keggin heteropolyacids are excellent oxidant catalysts used as a replacement for conventional oxidants; however, their solubility in polar solvents and the low specific area limit their use as heterogeneous catalysts. The utilization of treated orange peel as heteropolyacid support for the selective oxidation of sulfides is presented here. Firstly, orange peel was thermally treated, and More >

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