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  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Enhancing Hygrothermal Performance in Multi-Zone Constructions through Phase Change Material Integration

    Abir Abboud1, Zakaria Triki1, Rachid Djeffal2, Sidi Mohammed El Amine Bekkouche2, Hichem Tahraoui1,3,4, Abdeltif Amrane4, Aymen Amin Assadi5, Lotfi Khozami5, Jie Zhang6,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.22, No.3, pp. 769-789, 2024, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2024.050330

    Abstract As buildings evolve to meet the challenges of energy efficiency and indoor comfort, phase change materials (PCM) emerge as a promising solution due to their ability to store and release latent heat. This paper explores the transformative impact of incorporating PCM on the hygrothermal dynamics of multi-zone constructions. The study focuses on analyzing heat transfer, particularly through thermal conduction, in a wall containing PCM. A novel approach was proposed, wherein the studied system (sensitive balance) interacts directly with a latent balance to realistically define the behavior of specific humidity and mass flow rates. In addition, More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Comparative Analysis of Reaction to Fire and Flammability of Hemp Shives Insulation Boards with Incorporated Microencapsulated Phase Change Materials

    Inga Zotova1,*, Edgars Kirilovs1, Laura Ziemele2

    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.12, No.3, pp. 603-613, 2024, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2024.047607

    Abstract Nowadays buildings contain innovative materials, materials from local resources, production surpluses and rapidly renewable natural resources. Phase Change Materials (PCM) are one such group of novel materials which reduce building energy consumption. With the wider availability of microencapsulated PCM, there is an opportunity to develop a new type of insulating materials, combinate PCM with traditional insulation materials for latent heat energy storage. These materials are typically flammable and are located on the interior wall finishing yet there has been no detailed assessment of their fire performance. In this research work prototypes of low-density insulating boards… More > Graphic Abstract

    Comparative Analysis of Reaction to Fire and Flammability of Hemp Shives Insulation Boards with Incorporated Microencapsulated Phase Change Materials

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    THERMAL PERFORMANCE ENHANCEMENT OF PARAFFIN WAX WITH AL2O3 AND CuO NANOPARTICLES – A NUMERICAL STUDY

    A. Valan Arasua,*, Agus P. Sasmitob,†, Arun S. Mujumdarb

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.2, No.4, pp. 1-7, 2011, DOI:10.5098/hmt.v2.4.3005

    Abstract The heat transfer enhancement of paraffin wax, a cheap and widely used latent heat thermal energy storage material, using nanoparticles is investigated. The effects of nanoparticle volume fraction on both the melting and solidification rates of paraffin wax are analysed and compared for Al2O3 and CuO nanoparticles. Present results show that dispersing nanoparticles in smaller volumetric fractions increase the heat transfer rate. The enhancement in thermal performance of paraffin wax is greater for Al2O3 compared with that for CuO nanoparticles. More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    The Effects of Thickness and Location of PCM on the Building’s Passive Temperature-Control–A Numerical Study

    Zhengrong Shi1,3, Jie Ren1, Tao Zhang1,3,*, Yanming Shen2,*

    Energy Engineering, Vol.121, No.3, pp. 681-702, 2024, DOI:10.32604/ee.2023.045238

    Abstract Building energy consumption and building carbon emissions both account for more than 20% of their total national values in China. Building employing phase change material (PCM) for passive temperature control shows a promising prospect in meeting the comfort demand and reducing energy consumption simultaneously. However, there is a lack of more detailed research on the interaction between the location and thickness of PCM and indoor natural convection, as well as indoor temperature distribution. In this study, the numerical model of a passive temperature-controlled building integrating the developed PCM module is established with the help of… More > Graphic Abstract

    The Effects of Thickness and Location of PCM on the Building’s Passive Temperature-Control–A Numerical Study

  • Open Access

    PROCEEDINGS

    Numerical Study on the Thermal Management of Lithium-Ion Battery Pack Based on Heat Pipes and Phase Change Material

    Chen Gao1, Kai Sun1, QingZhi Hou2,3, KeWei Song1,2,*

    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.27, No.4, pp. 1-3, 2023, DOI:10.32604/icces.2023.08905

    Abstract As the fossil energy is increasingly exhausted and air pollution becomes more and more serious, blade electric vehicles equipped with rechargeable lithium-ion battery turns into the major developing direction of new energy automobile [1-3]. Lithium-ion batteries have the advantages of high energy density, light weight, and no pollution, and thereby are widely used in electric vehicles [4,5]. However, the working performance and service life of lithium-ion batteries are greatly affected by temperature [6]. Excessive high and low temperature will reduce the charge and discharge capacity of lithium-ion batteries, shorten their service life, and even lead… More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    ENHANCEMENT OF FRESH WATER PRODUCTION ON TRIANGULAR PYRAMID SOLAR STILL USING PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL AS STORAGE MATERIAL

    Ravishankar Sathyamurthya,*, P.K. Nagarajanb, Hyacinth J. Kennadya, T.S. Ravikumara, V. Paulsonc, Amimul Ahsand

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.5, pp. 1-5, 2014, DOI:10.5098/hmt.5.3

    Abstract This paper presents the method of improvement of enhancing the performance of triangular pyramid solar still with and without latent heat energy storage. For comparing the productivity of solar still with and without LHTESS a solar still is designed, fabricated. Experiments are conducted in hot and humid climate of Chennai, India. Paraffin wax is used as LHTESS due to its feasible general and economic properties. The hourly productivity is slightly higher in case of solar still without LHTESS during sunny days. There is an increase of about 35% in production of fresh water with LHTESS More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Investigation the Influence of Phase Change Material Amount on a Hot-Water Stratification in Charging Mode

    Abeer H. Falih*, Basim Freegah, Adnan A. Abdulrasool

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.21, pp. 141-160, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.01525

    Abstract Among the various techniques for enhancing the storage and consumption of energy in a thermal energy storage system, the establishment of thermal stratification in a hot-water container is an effective technology. The current study aims to assess the performance of the thermal stratification for hot-water containers using (ANSYS Fluent) R.1.0, 2022, through the study of the impact of different numbers of paraffin-filled containers, namely 3, 5, and 7, that are equivalent to 5, 7, and 9 kg of paraffin, respectively. To validate the present numerical model, a comparison between the current study results and the… More > Graphic Abstract

    Investigation the Influence of Phase Change Material Amount on a Hot-Water Stratification in Charging Mode

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    Effect of Nanomaterials Addition to Phase Change Materials on Heat Transfer in Solar Panels under Iraqi Atmospheric Conditions

    Majid Ahmed Mohammed1, Abdullah Talab Derea2, Mohammed Yaseen Lafta3, Obed Majeed Ali1, Omar Rafae Alomar4,*

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.21, pp. 215-226, 2023, DOI:10.32604/fhmt.2023.041668

    Abstract It is common knowledge that phase-change materials are used for the purpose of thermal storage because of the characteristics that are exclusive to these materials and not found in others. These characteristics include a large capacity for absorbing heat and a large capacity for releasing heat when the phase changes; however, these materials have a low thermal conductivity. This paper presents the results of an experimental study that investigated the impact that nanoparticles of copper oxide had on reducing the temperature of solar panels. The phase change substance that was used was determined to be More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    TRANSIENT MODELLING OF AN EV INVERTER HEAT SINK WITH PCM

    B. Orra,* , R. Singha, T. L. Phana , M. Mochizukib

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.13, pp. 1-6, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.13.1

    Abstract One of the problems with cooling an IGBT inverter chip is that its heat generation is not constant. These chips tend to produce heat in pulses which results in high peak chip temperatures. Transient modelling is required to determine the suitability of a heat sink and to ensure the max peak temperature is not exceeded. This paper demonstrates a method of transient thermal analysis using a thermal resistance / capacitor network. A sample heat sink was modelled and then experimentally tested to validate the model. A novel method of modelling phase change materials (PCM) using More >

  • Open Access

    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION ON THE THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF A CASCADED LATENT HEAT THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE

    Pengda Li, Chao Xu, Zhirong Liao* , Xing Ju, Feng Ye

    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.15, pp. 1-10, 2020, DOI:10.5098/hmt.15.10

    Abstract This study numerically investigates the charging and discharging processes of a three-stages cascaded latent heat thermal energy storage unit using three molten salts as the phase change materials (PCMs). Each stage of the unit is a vertical shell-and-tube heat exchanger, whose shell side is filled with the PCM and air. The liquid fractions, temperatures, and accumulated thermal energy of the PCMs during the fully charging and discharging processes, as well as the effects of the HTF inlet temperature, are analyzed. The results show that lower melting temperature of the PCM causes faster charging rate and More >

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