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  • Open Access


    Biochemical and Physiological Responses of Arabidopsis thaliana Leaves to Moderate Mechanical Stimulation

    Iva Šutevski1,#, Klara Krmpotić1,#, Sandra Vitko1, Nataša Bauer1, Eva Fancev2, Mario Cifrek2, Željka Vidaković-Cifrek1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.3, pp. 901-920, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2023.025165

    Abstract Mechanical stimulation of plants can be caused by various abiotic and biotic environmental factors. Apart from the negative consequences, it can also cause positive changes, such as acclimatization of plants to stress conditions. Therefore, it is necessary to study the physiological and biochemical mechanisms underlying the response of plants to mechanical stimulation. Our aim was to evaluate the response of model plant Arabidopsis thaliana to a moderate force of 5 N (newton) for 20 s, which could be compared with the pressure caused by animal movement and weather conditions such as heavy rain. Mechanically stimulated leaves were sampled 1 h… More >

  • Open Access


    Physiological Responses of Pea Plants to Salinity and Gibberellic Acid

    Houneida Attia1,2,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.1, pp. 149-164, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.022363

    Abstract Pea is a seed legume. It is rich in cellulose fibre and protein. It is also a significant source of minerals and vitamins. In this paper, we set out to better characterize the physiological responses of Pisum sativum L. to the combined effects of NaCl, 100 mM and gibberellins (GA3). Our analysis revealed that NaCl caused a decrease in growth resulting in a reduction in root elongation, distribution and density, leaf number and leaf area, and a decrease in dry matter of roots and shoots. However, the contribution of GA3 in the salty environment induced an increase in these different… More >

  • Open Access


    Transcriptome Analysis and Physiological Responses of Economic Macroalga Gracilariopsis lemaneiformis under Sulfate Deficiency

    Haojie Jia1,2, Hong Du1,2,*, Muhmmad Aslam1,2, Tangcheng Li1,2, Canqi Zheng1,2, Xihui Xie1,2, Nan Huang1,2, Honghao Liang1,2, Pengbing Pei1,2, Ping Li1,2, Weizhou Chen1,2, Xiaojuan Liu1,2

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.92, No.1, pp. 91-110, 2023, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2022.022663

    Abstract Sulfur is an essential macronutrient for the growth of all photosynthetic organisms and plays important roles in different metabolic pathways. However, sulfur metabolism and its related research on macroalgae with important ecological value is rather limited. In this study, marine ecological valued macroalga Gracilariopsis lemaneiformis was used to study the general physiological responses and transcriptome profiling under the sulfate deficiency. The relative growth rate of algae under sulfate deficiency was statistically significantly lower than that of control after 6 days. However, no significant differences were observed in the pigments content and Fv/Fm value, indicating that the photosynthesis was not obviously… More >

  • Open Access


    Effects of Nano-Cerium Oxide on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Vitex negundo

    Zi Yang, Shixian Fan, Xuehan Wei, Zhiming Zhang, Xin Gui*, Yong Zhao*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.4, pp. 893-903, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.013644

    Abstract Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2NPs) are likely to have dramatic impacts on plant performances, yet the effects of CeO2NPs on seed germination and seedling growth have not been fully explored. In this study, the seed germination and seedling growth of subshrub species Vitex negundo under different concentrations of CeO2NPs (low-1 mg/L, medium-100 mg/L, high-500 mg/L) have been discussed. Results showed that: (1) The seed germination rate reduces by 11.25% and 2.5% under the low and medium concentrations of CeO2NPs, respectively, but increased by 7.08% under the high concentration; (2) CeO2NPs had significant effects on the growth traits (root length, shoot height… More >

  • Open Access


    Physiological Responses of Dendrobium officinale under Exposure to Cold Stress with Two Cultivars

    Shuaishuai Zhang1, Jin Li1, Yongchang Shen1, Linda Nartey Korkor1, Qian Pu1, Jin Lu1, Balock Shakeela1, Dedong Kong2, Ou Li1, Guohong Zeng1,*, Xiufang Hu1,*

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.89, No.3, pp. 599-617, 2020, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2020.010074

    Abstract This study aimed to explore the cold tolerance of two cultivars of Dendrobium officinale (MG1, MG2) grown in different regions of China. Under -2°C incubation, cultivar MG1 remained active after 3 d, and continued to grow after returning to room temperature. However, MG2 could only maintain its activity after 2 d treatment at −2°C, and the seedlings died with the low temperature treatment time. Investigation of the characteristics of the plants grown in the south (Hangzhou) or north (Zhengzhou) of China indicated that the leaves of MG1 also had reduced stomatal density, the highest thickness, and a compact microstructure. The… More >

  • Open Access


    Physiological responses of Allium cepa var. agrogarum L. plants to Cadmium stress

    Wang QL, DH Liu, JY Yue

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.85, pp. 270-282, 2016, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2016.85.270

    Abstract This study aimed to determine the effects of different Cd concentrations (0, 1, 10, 100, and 300 μM CdCl2) on Allium plantlets. To achieve this goal, we examined the (1) dynamics of Cd2+ flux in the rhizosphere, (2) partitioning of Cd between roots and leaves, (3) formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), (4) levels of H2O2 and chlorophyll, and (5) translocation of several macro- and micronutrients. A strong net Cd2+ influx was observed in the root apex after exposure to 100 μM Cd for 24 h. Exposure to either 1 or 10 μM Cd for 96 h presented no evident… More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of mixed salt stress on malondialdehyde, proteins and antioxidant enzymes of Leymus chinensis in three leaf colors

    Zhou C1,2, CA Busso3, YG Yang2, Z Zhang4, ZW Wang1, YF Yang5, XG Han1

    Phyton-International Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol.86, pp. 205-213, 2017, DOI:10.32604/phyton.2017.86.205

    Abstract The mixed salt stress is common in nature. Salt stress always affects plant growth. Different plant species have different adaptive capacity to salty soils. Leymus chinensis is an herbaceous plant with different leaf colors. However, little research was conducted to explore the different tolerance mechanisms to salt stress among the three different leaf colour genotypes of Leymus chinensis (grey green, transitional color, yellow green). Pot experiments for Leymus chinensis in three leaf colors were conducted under mixed salt treatments in 2010. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein concentrations, and the activity of various antioxidant enzymes [i.e., superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), ascorbate… More >

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