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  • Open Access


    Enhanced 3D Point Cloud Reconstruction for Light Field Microscopy Using U-Net-Based Convolutional Neural Networks

    Shariar Md Imtiaz1, Ki-Chul Kwon1, F. M. Fahmid Hossain1, Md. Biddut Hossain1, Rupali Kiran Shinde1, Sang-Keun Gil2, Nam Kim1,*

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.3, pp. 2921-2937, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.040205

    Abstract This article describes a novel approach for enhancing the three-dimensional (3D) point cloud reconstruction for light field microscopy (LFM) using U-net architecture-based fully convolutional neural network (CNN). Since the directional view of the LFM is limited, noise and artifacts make it difficult to reconstruct the exact shape of 3D point clouds. The existing methods suffer from these problems due to the self-occlusion of the model. This manuscript proposes a deep fusion learning (DL) method that combines a 3D CNN with a U-Net-based model as a feature extractor. The sub-aperture images obtained from the light field microscopy are aligned to form… More >

  • Open Access


    Point Cloud Based Semantic Segmentation Method for Unmanned Shuttle Bus

    Sidong Wu, Cuiping Duan, Bufan Ren, Liuquan Ren, Tao Jiang, Jianying Yuan*, Jiajia Liu, Dequan Guo

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.37, No.3, pp. 2707-2726, 2023, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2023.038948

    Abstract The complexity of application scenarios and the enormous volume of point cloud data make it difficult to quickly and effectively segment the scenario only based on the point cloud. In this paper, to address the semantic segmentation for safety driving of unmanned shuttle buses, an accurate and effective point cloud-based semantic segmentation method is proposed for specified scenarios (such as campus). Firstly, we analyze the characteristic of the shuttle bus scenarios and propose to use ROI selection to reduce the total points in computation, and then propose an improved semantic segmentation model based on Cylinder3D, which improves mean Intersection over… More >

  • Open Access


    Anatomical Feature Segmentation of Femur Point Cloud Based on Medical Semantics

    Xiaozhong Chen*

    Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics, Vol.20, No.1, pp. 1-14, 2023, DOI:10.32604/mcb.2022.026964

    Abstract Feature segmentation is an essential phase for geometric modeling and shape processing in anatomical study of human skeleton and clinical digital treatment of orthopedics. Due to various degrees of freedom of bone surface, the existing segmentation algorithms can hardly meet specific medical need. To address this, a novel segmentation methodology for anatomical features of femur model based on medical semantics is put forward. First, anatomical reference objects (ARO) are created to represent typical characteristics of femur anatomy by 3D point fitting in combination with medical priori knowledge. Then, local point clouds between adjacent anatomies are selected according to the AROs… More >

  • Open Access


    Automatic Extraction of the Sparse Prior Correspondences for Non-Rigid Point Cloud Registration

    Yan Zhu1,2, Lili Tian2, Fan Ye2, Gaofeng Sun1, Xianyong Fang2,*

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.2, pp. 1835-1856, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.025662

    Abstract Non-rigid registration of point clouds is still far from stable, especially for the largely deformed one. Sparse initial correspondences are often adopted to facilitate the process. However, there are few studies on how to build them automatically. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a robust method to compute such priors automatically, where a global and local combined strategy is adopted. These priors in different degrees of deformation are obtained by the locally geometrical-consistent point matches from the globally structural-consistent region correspondences. To further utilize the matches, this paper also proposes a novel registration method based on the Coherent Point Drift… More >

  • Open Access


    3D Object Detection with Attention: Shell-Based Modeling

    Xiaorui Zhang1,2,3,4,*, Ziquan Zhao1, Wei Sun4,5, Qi Cui6

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.46, No.1, pp. 537-550, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.034230

    Abstract LIDAR point cloud-based 3D object detection aims to sense the surrounding environment by anchoring objects with the Bounding Box (BBox). However, under the three-dimensional space of autonomous driving scenes, the previous object detection methods, due to the pre-processing of the original LIDAR point cloud into voxels or pillars, lose the coordinate information of the original point cloud, slow detection speed, and gain inaccurate bounding box positioning. To address the issues above, this study proposes a new two-stage network structure to extract point cloud features directly by PointNet++, which effectively preserves the original point cloud coordinate information. To improve the detection… More >

  • Open Access


    Aggregate Point Cloud Geometric Features for Processing

    Yinghao Li1,2,3, Renbo Xia1,2,*, Jibin Zhao1,2,*, Yueling Chen1,2, Liming Tao1,2,3, Hangbo Zou1,2,3, Tao Zhang1,2,3

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.136, No.1, pp. 555-571, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.024470

    Abstract As 3D acquisition technology develops and 3D sensors become increasingly affordable, large quantities of 3D point cloud data are emerging. How to effectively learn and extract the geometric features from these point clouds has become an urgent problem to be solved. The point cloud geometric information is hidden in disordered, unstructured points, making point cloud analysis a very challenging problem. To address this problem, we propose a novel network framework, called Tree Graph Network (TGNet), which can sample, group, and aggregate local geometric features. Specifically, we construct a Tree Graph by explicit rules, which consists of curves extending in all… More >

  • Open Access


    Deep Learning-Based 3D Instance and Semantic Segmentation: A Review

    Siddiqui Muhammad Yasir1, Hyunsik Ahn2,*

    Journal on Artificial Intelligence, Vol.4, No.2, pp. 99-114, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jai.2022.031235

    Abstract The process of segmenting point cloud data into several homogeneous areas with points in the same region having the same attributes is known as 3D segmentation. Segmentation is challenging with point cloud data due to substantial redundancy, fluctuating sample density and lack of apparent organization. The research area has a wide range of robotics applications, including intelligent vehicles, autonomous mapping and navigation. A number of researchers have introduced various methodologies and algorithms. Deep learning has been successfully used to a spectrum of 2D vision domains as a prevailing A.I. methods. However, due to the specific problems of processing point clouds… More >

  • Open Access


    3D Instance Segmentation Using Deep Learning on RGB-D Indoor Data

    Siddiqui Muhammad Yasir1, Amin Muhammad Sadiq2, Hyunsik Ahn3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.72, No.3, pp. 5777-5791, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.025909

    Abstract 3D object recognition is a challenging task for intelligent and robot systems in industrial and home indoor environments. It is critical for such systems to recognize and segment the 3D object instances that they encounter on a frequent basis. The computer vision, graphics, and machine learning fields have all given it a lot of attention. Traditionally, 3D segmentation was done with hand-crafted features and designed approaches that didn’t achieve acceptable performance and couldn’t be generalized to large-scale data. Deep learning approaches have lately become the preferred method for 3D segmentation challenges by their great success in 2D computer vision. However,… More >

  • Open Access


    Automatic BIM Indoor Modelling from Unstructured Point Clouds Using a Convolutional Neural Network

    Uuganbayar Gankhuyag, Ji-Hyeong Han*

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.28, No.1, pp. 133-152, 2021, DOI:10.32604/iasc.2021.015227

    Abstract The automated reconstruction of building information modeling (BIM) objects from unstructured point cloud data for indoor as-built modeling is still a challenging task and the subject of much ongoing research. The most important part of the process is to detect the wall geometry clearly. A popular method is first to segment and classify point clouds, after which the identified segments should be clustered according to their corresponding objects, such as walls and clutter. To perform this process, a major problem is low-quality point clouds that are noisy, cluttered and that contain missing parts in the data. Moreover, the size of… More >

  • Open Access


    Automatic Terrain Debris Recognition Network Based on 3D Remote Sensing Data

    Xu Han1, #, Huijun Yang1, 4, *, Qiufeng Shen1, #, Jiangtao Yang2, Huihui Liang1, Cancan Bao1, Shuang Cang3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.65, No.1, pp. 579-596, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.011262

    Abstract Although predecessors have made great contributions to the semantic segmentation of 3D indoor scenes, there still exist some challenges in the debris recognition of terrain data. Compared with hundreds of thousands of indoor point clouds, the amount of terrain point cloud is up to millions. Apart from that, terrain point cloud data obtained from remote sensing is measured in meters, but the indoor scene is measured in centimeters. In this case, the terrain debris obtained from remote sensing mapping only have dozens of points, which means that sufficient training information cannot be obtained only through the convolution of points. In… More >

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