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  • Open Access


    A Study on Enhancing Chip Detection Efficiency Using the Lightweight Van-YOLOv8 Network

    Meng Huang, Honglei Wei*, Xianyi Zhai

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 531-547, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048510

    Abstract In pursuit of cost-effective manufacturing, enterprises are increasingly adopting the practice of utilizing recycled semiconductor chips. To ensure consistent chip orientation during packaging, a circular marker on the front side is employed for pin alignment following successful functional testing. However, recycled chips often exhibit substantial surface wear, and the identification of the relatively small marker proves challenging. Moreover, the complexity of generic target detection algorithms hampers seamless deployment. Addressing these issues, this paper introduces a lightweight YOLOv8s-based network tailored for detecting markings on recycled chips, termed Van-YOLOv8. Initially, to alleviate the influence of diminutive, low-resolution… More >

  • Open Access


    MSC-YOLO: Improved YOLOv7 Based on Multi-Scale Spatial Context for Small Object Detection in UAV-View

    Xiangyan Tang1,2, Chengchun Ruan1,2,*, Xiulai Li2,3, Binbin Li1,2, Cebin Fu1,2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.1, pp. 983-1003, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.047541

    Abstract Accurately identifying small objects in high-resolution aerial images presents a complex and crucial task in the field of small object detection on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). This task is challenging due to variations in UAV flight altitude, differences in object scales, as well as factors like flight speed and motion blur. To enhance the detection efficacy of small targets in drone aerial imagery, we propose an enhanced You Only Look Once version 7 (YOLOv7) algorithm based on multi-scale spatial context. We build the MSC-YOLO model, which incorporates an additional prediction head, denoted as P2, to… More >

  • Open Access


    Enhancing Dense Small Object Detection in UAV Images Based on Hybrid Transformer

    Changfeng Feng1, Chunping Wang2, Dongdong Zhang1, Renke Kou1, Qiang Fu1,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.78, No.3, pp. 3993-4013, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.048351

    Abstract Transformer-based models have facilitated significant advances in object detection. However, their extensive computational consumption and suboptimal detection of dense small objects curtail their applicability in unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) imagery. Addressing these limitations, we propose a hybrid transformer-based detector, H-DETR, and enhance it for dense small objects, leading to an accurate and efficient model. Firstly, we introduce a hybrid transformer encoder, which integrates a convolutional neural network-based cross-scale fusion module with the original encoder to handle multi-scale feature sequences more efficiently. Furthermore, we propose two novel strategies to enhance detection performance without incurring additional inference… More >

  • Open Access


    CAW-YOLO: Cross-Layer Fusion and Weighted Receptive Field-Based YOLO for Small Object Detection in Remote Sensing

    Weiya Shi1,*, Shaowen Zhang2, Shiqiang Zhang2

    CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol.139, No.3, pp. 3209-3231, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmes.2023.044863

    Abstract In recent years, there has been extensive research on object detection methods applied to optical remote sensing images utilizing convolutional neural networks. Despite these efforts, the detection of small objects in remote sensing remains a formidable challenge. The deep network structure will bring about the loss of object features, resulting in the loss of object features and the near elimination of some subtle features associated with small objects in deep layers. Additionally, the features of small objects are susceptible to interference from background features contained within the image, leading to a decline in detection accuracy.… More >

  • Open Access


    Interactive Transformer for Small Object Detection

    Jian Wei, Qinzhao Wang*, Zixu Zhao

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.77, No.2, pp. 1699-1717, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.044284

    Abstract The detection of large-scale objects has achieved high accuracy, but due to the low peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR), fewer distinguishing features, and ease of being occluded by the surroundings, the detection of small objects, however, does not enjoy similar success. Endeavor to solve the problem, this paper proposes an attention mechanism based on cross-Key values. Based on the traditional transformer, this paper first improves the feature processing with the convolution module, effectively maintaining the local semantic context in the middle layer, and significantly reducing the number of parameters of the model. Then, to More >

  • Open Access


    MPFracNet: A Deep Learning Algorithm for Metacarpophalangeal Fracture Detection with Varied Difficulties

    Geng Qin1, Ping Luo1, Kaiyuan Li1, Yufeng Sun1, Shiwei Wang1, Xiaoting Li1,2,3, Shuang Liu1,2,3, Linyan Xue1,2,3,*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.75, No.1, pp. 999-1015, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.035777

    Abstract Due to small size and high occult, metacarpophalangeal fracture diagnosis displays a low accuracy in terms of fracture detection and location in X-ray images. To efficiently detect metacarpophalangeal fractures on X-ray images as the second opinion for radiologists, we proposed a novel one-stage neural network named MPFracNet based on RetinaNet. In MPFracNet, a deformable bottleneck block (DBB) was integrated into the bottleneck to better adapt to the geometric variation of the fractures. Furthermore, an integrated feature fusion module (IFFM) was employed to obtain more in-depth semantic and shallow detail features. Specifically, Focal Loss and Balanced… More >

  • Open Access


    DSAFF-Net: A Backbone Network Based on Mask R-CNN for Small Object Detection

    Jian Peng1,2, Yifang Zhao1,2, Dengyong Zhang1,2,*, Feng Li1,2, Arun Kumar Sangaiah3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 3405-3419, 2023, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2023.027627

    Abstract Recently, object detection based on convolutional neural networks (CNNs) has developed rapidly. The backbone networks for basic feature extraction are an important component of the whole detection task. Therefore, we present a new feature extraction strategy in this paper, which name is DSAFF-Net. In this strategy, we design: 1) a sandwich attention feature fusion module (SAFF module). Its purpose is to enhance the semantic information of shallow features and resolution of deep features, which is beneficial to small object detection after feature fusion. 2) to add a new stage called D-block to alleviate the disadvantages… More >

  • Open Access


    Small Object Detection via Precise Region-Based Fully Convolutional Networks

    Dengyong Zhang1,2, Jiawei Hu1,2, Feng Li1,2,*, Xiangling Ding3, Arun Kumar Sangaiah4, Victor S. Sheng5

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.69, No.2, pp. 1503-1517, 2021, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2021.017089

    Abstract In the past several years, remarkable achievements have been made in the field of object detection. Although performance is generally improving, the accuracy of small object detection remains low compared with that of large object detection. In addition, localization misalignment issues are common for small objects, as seen in GoogLeNets and residual networks (ResNets). To address this problem, we propose an improved region-based fully convolutional network (R-FCN). The presented technique improves detection accuracy and eliminates localization misalignment by replacing position-sensitive region of interest (PS-RoI) pooling with position-sensitive precise region of interest (PS-Pr-RoI) pooling, which avoids More >

  • Open Access


    Feature-Enhanced RefineDet: Fast Detection of Small Objects

    Lei Zhao*, Ming Zhao

    Journal of Information Hiding and Privacy Protection, Vol.3, No.1, pp. 1-8, 2021, DOI:10.32604/jihpp.2021.010065

    Abstract Object detection has been studied for many years. The convolutional neural network has made great progress in the accuracy and speed of object detection. However, due to the low resolution of small objects and the representation of fuzzy features, one of the challenges now is how to effectively detect small objects in images. Existing target detectors for small objects: one is to use high-resolution images as input, the other is to increase the depth of the CNN network, but these two methods will undoubtedly increase the cost of calculation and time-consuming. In this paper, based… More >

  • Open Access


    A Real Time Vision-Based Smoking Detection Framework on Edge

    Ruilong Chen1, Guangfu Zeng1, Ke Wang2, Lei Luo1,*, Zhiping Cai1

    Journal on Internet of Things, Vol.2, No.2, pp. 55-64, 2020, DOI:10.32604/jiot.2020.09814

    Abstract Smoking is the main reason for fire disaster and pollution in petrol station, construction site and warehouse. Existing solutions based on wearable devices and smoking sensors were costly and hard to obtain evidence of smoking in unmanned scenarios. With the developments of closed circuit television (CCTV) system, vision-based methods for object detection, mostly driven by deep learning techniques, were introduced recently. However, the massive GPU computing hardware required by the deep learning algorithm made these methods hard to be deployed. This paper aims at solving the smoking detection problem on edge and proposes the solution More >

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