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  • Open Access


    The Impact of Network Topologies and Radio Duty Cycle Mechanisms on the RPL Routing Protocol Power Consumption

    Amal Hkiri1,*, Hamzah Faraj2, Omar Ben Bahri2, Mouna Karmani1, Sami Alqurashi2, Mohsen Machhout1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.79, No.2, pp. 1835-1854, 2024, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2024.049207

    Abstract The Internet of Things (IoT) has witnessed a significant surge in adoption, particularly through the utilization of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), which comprise small internet-connected devices. These deployments span various environments and offer a multitude of benefits. However, the widespread use of battery-powered devices introduces challenges due to their limited hardware resources and communication capabilities. In response to this, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) has developed the IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-power and Lossy Networks (RPL) to address the unique requirements of such networks. Recognizing the critical role of RPL in maintaining high performance,… More >

  • Open Access


    Performance Evaluation of Topologies for Multi-Domain Software-Defined Networking

    Jiangyuan Yao1, Weiping Yang1, Shuhua Weng1, Minrui Wang1, Zheng Jiang2, Deshun Li1,*, Yahui Li3, Xingcan Cao4

    Computer Systems Science and Engineering, Vol.47, No.1, pp. 741-755, 2023, DOI:10.32604/csse.2023.031531

    Abstract Software-defined networking (SDN) is widely used in multiple types of data center networks, and these distributed data center networks can be integrated into a multi-domain SDN by utilizing multiple controllers. However, the network topology of each control domain of SDN will affect the performance of the multi-domain network, so performance evaluation is required before the deployment of the multi-domain SDN. Besides, there is a high cost to build real multi-domain SDN networks with different topologies, so it is necessary to use simulation testing methods to evaluate the topological performance of the multi-domain SDN network. As… More >

  • Open Access


    Performance Evaluation of Topological Infrastructure in Internet-of-Things-Enabled Serious Games

    Shabir Ahmad, Faheem Khan, Taeg Keun Whangbo*

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.71, No.2, pp. 2653-2666, 2022, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2022.022821

    Abstract Serious games have recently enticed many researchers due to their wide range of capabilities. A serious game is a mean of gaming for a serious job such as healthcare, education, and entertainment purposes. With the advancement in the Internet of Things, new research directions are paving the way in serious games. However, the internet connectivity of players in Internet-of-things-enabled serious games is a matter of concern and has been worth investigating. Different studies on topologies, frameworks, and architecture of communication technologies are conducted to integrate them with serious games on machine and network levels. However,… More >

  • Open Access


    A Trust Value Sharing Scheme in Heterogeneous Identity Federation Topologies

    Ning Liu1, Fan Yang1, *, Xi Xiong1, 2, Yan Chang1, Shibin Zhang1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.65, No.2, pp. 1559-1570, 2020, DOI:10.32604/cmc.2020.010562

    Abstract Recent developments in heterogeneous identity federation systems have heightened the need for the related trust management system. The trust management system evaluates, manages, and shares users’ trust values. The service provider (SP) members of the federation system rely on users’ trust values to determine which type and quality of service will be provided to the users. While identity federation systems have the potential to help federated users save time and energy and improve service experience, the benefits also come with significant privacy risks. So far, there has been little discussion about the privacy protection of… More >

  • Open Access


    Output Consensus of Heterogeneous Multi-agent Systems under Directed Topologies via Dynamic Feedback

    Xiaofeng Liu, Siqi An, Dongxu Zhang

    Intelligent Automation & Soft Computing, Vol.24, No.4, pp. 771-775, 2018, DOI:10.1080/10798587.2017.1337667

    Abstract This paper discusses the problem of dynamic output consensus for heterogeneous multi-agent systems (MAS) with fixed topologies. All the agents possess unique linear dynamics, and only the output information of each agent is delivered throughout the communication digraphs. A series of conditions and protocols are set for reaching the consensus. With the proper feedback controllers, the output consensus of the overall system is guaranteed. An application illustrates the theorems. More >

  • Open Access


    Stochastic Macro Material Properties, Through Direct Stochastic Modeling of Heterogeneous Microstructures with Randomness of Constituent Properties and Topologies, by Using Trefftz Computational Grains (TCG)

    Leiting Dong1,2, Salah H. Gamal3, Satya N. Atluri2,4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.37, No.1, pp. 1-21, 2013, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2013.037.001

    Abstract In this paper, a simple and reliable procedure of stochastic computation is combined with the highly accurate and efficient Trefftz Computational Grains (TCG), for a direct numerical simulation (DNS) of heterogeneous materials with microscopic randomness. Material properties of each material phase, and geometrical properties such as particles sizes and distribution, are considered to be stochastic with either a uniform or normal probabilistic distributions. The objective here is to determine how this microscopic randomness propagates to the macroscopic scale, and affects the stochastic characteristics of macroscopic material properties. Four steps are included in this procedure: (1)… More >

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