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  • Open Access


    The Stable Explicit Time Stepping Analysis with a New Enrichment Scheme by XFEM

    Xue-cong Liu1, Qing Zhang1,*, Xiao-zhou Xia1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.53, No.3, pp. 187-206, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2017.053.203

    Abstract This paper focuses on the study of the stability of explicit time integration algorithm for dynamic problem by the Extended Finite Element Method (XFEM). A new enrichment scheme of crack tip is proposed within the framework of XFEM. Then the governing equations are derived and evolved into the discretized form. For dynamic problem, the lumped mass and the explicit time algorithm are applied. With different grid densities and different forms of Newmark scheme, the Dynamic Stress Intensity Factor (DSIF) is computed by using interaction integral approach to reflect the dynamic response. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme is demonstrated through… More >

  • Open Access


    Control Mechanism of Surface Subsidence and Overburden Movement in Backfilling Mining based on Laminated Plate Theory

    Zhengzheng Cao1, Feng Du2,3,4, Ping Xu1, Haixiao Lin1, Yi Xue3, Yuejin Zhou3

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.53, No.3, pp. 175-186, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2017.053.187

    Abstract The backfilling mining technology is a type of high-efficiency coal mining technology that is used to address the environmental issues caused by the caving mining technology. In this paper, the mechanical model of symmetrical laminated plate representing the overburden movement caused by the backfilling mining technology is established, and the governing differential equation of the motion of the overburden is derived. The boundary conditions of the mechanical model are put forward, and the analytical solution of the overburden movement and surface subsidence is obtained. The numerical model of the overburden movement and surface subsidence, under mining with backfilling, is established… More >

  • Open Access


    Prediction of Compressive Strength of Self-Compacting Concrete Using Intelligent Computational Modeling

    Susom Dutta1, A. Ramach,ra Murthy2, Dookie Kim3, Pijush Samui4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.53, No.2, pp. 157-174, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2017.053.167

    Abstract In the present scenario, computational modeling has gained much importance for the prediction of the properties of concrete. This paper depicts that how computational intelligence can be applied for the prediction of compressive strength of Self Compacting Concrete (SCC). Three models, namely, Extreme Learning Machine (ELM), Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) and Multi Adaptive Regression Spline (MARS) have been employed in the present study for the prediction of compressive strength of self compacting concrete. The contents of cement (c), sand (s), coarse aggregate (a), fly ash (f), water/powder (w/p) ratio and superplasticizer (sp) dosage have been taken as inputs… More >

  • Open Access


    Effect of Rotation on the Propagation of Waves in Hollow Poroelastic Circular Cylinder with Magnetic Field

    A.M. Farhan1, 2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.53, No.2, pp. 129-156, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2017.053.133

    Abstract Employing Biot’s theory of wave propagation in liquid saturated porous media, the effect of rotation and magnetic field on wave propagation in a hollow poroelastic circular of infinite extent are investigated. An exact closed form solution is presented. General frequency equations for propagation of poroelastic cylinder are obtained when the boundaries are stress free. The frequencies are calculated for poroelastic cylinder for different values of magnetic field and rotation. Numerical results are given and illustrated graphically. The results indicate that the effect of rotation, and magnetic field are very pronounced. Such a model would be useful in large-scale parametric studies… More >

  • Open Access


    Influence of functionalization on the structural and mechanical properties of graphene

    L.S. Melro1,2, L.R. Jensen1

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.53, No.2, pp. 109-127, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2017.053.111

    Abstract Molecular dynamics simulations were applied in order to calculate the Young’s modulus of graphene functionalized with carboxyl, hydroxyl, carbonyl, hydrogen, methyl, and ethyl groups. The influence of the grafting density with percentages of 3, 5, 7, and 10% and the type of distribution as a single cluster or several small clusters were also studied. The results show that the elastic modulus is dependent on the type of functional groups. The increasing coverage density also evidenced a decrease of the Young’s modulus, and the organization of functional groups as single cluster showed a lesser impact than for several small clusters. Furthermore,… More >

  • Open Access


    A Machine Learning Approach for MRI Brain Tumor Classification

    Ravikumar Gurusamy1, Dr Vijayan Subramaniam2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.53, No.2, pp. 91-108, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2017.053.091

    Abstract A new method for the denoising, extraction and tumor detection on MRI images is presented in this paper. MRI images help physicians study and diagnose diseases or tumors present in the brain. This work is focused towards helping the radiologist and physician to have a second opinion on the diagnosis. The ambiguity of Magnetic Resonance (MR) image features is solved in a simpler manner. The MRI image acquired from the machine is subjected to analysis in the work. The real-time data is used for the analysis. Basic preprocessing is performed using various filters for noise removal. The de-noised image is… More >

  • Open Access


    The Constitutive Relation of a Fabric Membrane Composite for a Stratospheric Airship Envelope Based on Invariant Theory

    Junhui Meng1,*, Mingyun Lv2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.53, No.2, pp. 73-89, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2017.053.073

    Abstract The study of stratospheric airships has become the focus in many countries in recent years, because of its potential applications in many fields. Lightweight and high strength envelopes are the keys to the design of stratospheric airships, as it directly determines the endurance flight performance and loading deformation characteristics of the airship. A typical envelope of any stratospheric airship is a coated-fabric material which is composed of a fiber layer and several functional membrane layers. According to composite structure, nonlinearity and viscoelasticity are the two main characteristics of such envelope. Based on the analysis on the interaction between the different… More >

  • Open Access


    Rotational Effects on Magneto-Thermoelastic Stoneley, Love and Rayleigh Waves in Fibre-Reinforced Anisotropic General Viscoelastic Media of Higher Order

    A. M. Abd-Alla1, 2, S. M. Abo-Dahab1, 3, Aftab Khan4

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.53, No.1, pp. 49-72, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2017.053.052

    Abstract In this paper, we investigated the propagation of the rmo elastic surface waves in fibre-reinforced anisotropic general viscoelastic media of higher order ofnth order, including time rate of strain under the influence of rotation.The general surface wave speed is derived to study the effects of rotation and thermal on surface waves. Particular cases for Stoneley, Love and Rayleigh waves are discussed. The results obtained in this investigation are more general in the sense that some earlier published results are obtained from our result as special cases. Our results for viscoelastic of order zero are well agreed to fibre-reinforced materials. Comparison… More >

  • Open Access


    Bus Encoded LUT Multiplier for Portable Biomedical Therapeutic Devices

    R. Praveena1, S. Nirmala2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.53, No.1, pp. 37-47, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2017.053.039

    Abstract DSP operation in a Biomedical related therapeutic hardware need to be performed with high accuracy and with high speed. Portable DSP hardware’s like pulse/heart beat detectors must perform with reduced operational power due to lack of conventional power sources. This work proposes a hybrid biomedical hardware chip in which the speed and power utilization factors are greatly improved. Multipliers are the core operational unit of any DSP SoC. This work proposes a LUT based unsigned multiplication which is proven to be efficient in terms of high operating speed. For n bit input multiplication n*n memory array of 2n bit size… More >

  • Open Access


    A Fuzzy Approach for an IoT-based Automated Employee Performance Appraisal

    Jaideep Kaur1, Kamaljit Kaur2

    CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol.53, No.1, pp. 23-36, 2017, DOI:10.3970/cmc.2017.053.024

    Abstract The ubiquitous Internet of Things (IoT) through RFIDs, GPS, NFC and other wireless devices is capable of sensing the activities being carried around Industrial environment so as to automate industrial processes. In almost every industry, employee performance appraisal is done manually which may lead to favoritisms. This paper proposes a framework to perform automatic employee performance appraisal based on data sensed from IoT. The framework classifies raw IoT data into three activities (Positive, Negative, Neutral), co-locates employee and activity in order to calculate employee implication and then performs cognitive decision making using fuzzy logic. From the experiments carried out it… More >

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