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Emerging environmental stressors and oxidative pathways in marine organisms: Current knowledge on regulation mechanisms and functional effects

MAURA BENEDETTI, MARIA ELISA GIULIANI, MARICA MEZZELANI, ALESSANDRO NARDI, LUCIA PITTURA, STEFANIA GORBI, FRANCESCO REGOLI
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e dell’Ambiente, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, 60131, Italy
* Corresponding Author:MAURA BENEDETTI. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Oxidative Stress in Aquatic Organisms)

BIOCELL 2022, 46(1), 37-49. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2022.017507

Received 15 May 2021; Accepted 15 June 2021; Issue published 28 September 2021

Abstract

Oxidative stress is a critical condition derived from the imbalance between the generation of reactive oxygen species and the sophisticated network of antioxidant mechanisms. Several pollutants and environmental factors can affect this system through connected mechanisms, indirect relationships, and cascade effects from pre-transcriptional to catalytic level, by either enhancing intracellular ROS formation or impairing antioxidant defenses. This review summarizes the current knowledge on the pro-oxidant challenges from emerging environmental stressors threatening marine organisms, such as pharmaceuticals, microplastics and climate-related ocean changes. Emphasis will be placed on oxidative pathways, including signaling proteins and transcription factors involved in regulation of antioxidant responsiveness. Mechanistic insights and lack of knowledge will be pointed out by presenting single and combined effects of multiple stressors, unravelling questions to be addressed by future research in marine ecotoxicology.

Keywords

Antioxidant; Pharmaceuticals; Microplastics/Nanoplastics; Ocean acidification; Thermal stress

Cite This Article

BENEDETTI, M., GIULIANI, M. E., MEZZELANI, M., NARDI, A., PITTURA, L. et al. (2022). Emerging environmental stressors and oxidative pathways in marine organisms: Current knowledge on regulation mechanisms and functional effects. BIOCELL, 46(1), 37–49.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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