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Expression analysis of OsSERK, OsLEC1 and OsWOX4 genes in rice (Oryza sativa L.) callus during somatic embryo development


1 Graduate School of Biotechnology, University of Jember, Jember, 68121, Indonesia
2 Faculty of Agriculture, University of Jember, Jember, 68121, Indonesia
3 Center Development of Advanced Science and Technology (CDAST), University of Jember, Jember, 68121, Indonesia
4 Division of Plant Biosciences, School of Applied BioSciences, College of Agriculture and Life Science, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, 41566, South Korea

* Corresponding Author: Mohammad Ubaidillah, email

(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Tumor Microenvironment and Cytoskeletal Dynamics)

BIOCELL 2022, 46(7), 1633-1641. 10.32604/biocell.2022.019111


Somatic embryogenesis is an asexual reproduction process that occurs in many plant species, including rice. This process contains several totipotency markers such as Somatic Embryogenesis Receptor-like Kinase (SERK), Leafy Cotyledon1 (LEC1) and WUSCHEL-Related Homeobox4 (WOX4) and also a helpful model for embryo development and clones and transformations. Here, we report the gene expression during somatic embryo development correlates with regeneration frequency in 14 Javanica rice (pigmented and non-pigmented) using modifified N6 media supplemented with Kinetin (2.0 mg/L) and NAA (1.0 mg/L). Although there have been advances in understanding the genetic basis of somatic embryogenesis in other varieties, rice is still unexplored, especially during somatic embryo development. Moreover, for the formation of callus induction from immature embryos, 2,4-D (2.0 mg/L, 3.0 mg/L) was used. This study analysed the gene expression of OsSERK, OsWOX4 and OsLEC1 genes through RT-PCR analysis. Higher expression of the OsLEC1 gene indicates that their function may correlate in the in vitro with the high response of rice after transfer to regeneration media. This study found that rice varieties of pigmented rice (MS Pendek and Gogoniti II) and non-pigmented rice (Pandan Ungu) showed high regeneration frequency, showing higher OsLEC1 expression than other varieties because OsLEC1 promotes the maturation of somatic embryos in plant regeneration on day 14. However, the contrast with Genjah nganjuk may be effective because of other regulatory genes. RT-PCR analysis showed OsSERK had less expression level than OsLEC1 and OsWOX4 in the varieties, which correlate with the percentage of plant regeneration, but not for Gogoniti II. In conclusion, the higher percentage of plant regeneration correlates with the higher expression level of OsLEC1 at day 14 of media regeneration of rice.


Cite This Article

NABILAH, S. (2022). Expression analysis of OsSERK, OsLEC1 and OsWOX4 genes in rice (Oryza sativa L.) callus during somatic embryo development. BIOCELL, 46(7), 1633–1641.

cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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