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Vitamin D attenuates TGF-β1-induced lung fibroblast proliferation and migration through repression of RasGRP3

GUANQIONG HU1, RISHENG HUANG2, LUELUE LU1, QINSHI PAN3, XIAOXIN CHEN1,*

1 No. 23 Ward of Nursing Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China
2 Department of Thoracic Surgery, Wenzhou Central Hospital, Dingli Clinical College of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China
3 Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China

* Corresponding Author: Xiaoxin Chen, email

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Biochemical and Epigenetics Changes in Health and Disease)

BIOCELL 2023, 47(6), 1243-1251. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2023.027763

Abstract

Background: Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) is a pleiotropic cytokine that plays a central role in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). While previous studies have revealed a cross-talk between vitamin D and TGF-β1 signaling, it is still unclear how they interact with each other to regulate the progression of IPF. Methods: In this work, we searched for a novel mediator of TGF-β1 activity in lung fibroblasts and examined its regulation by vitamin D. In addition, we investigated the mechanism underlying the interaction between vitamin D and TGF-β1 signaling in lung fibroblast activation. Bioinformatic analysis was performed to identify TGF-β1 downstream target genes. Knockdown and overexpression expression experiments were conducted to determine gene function in the regulation of lung fibroblast proliferation and migration. Results: Analysis of publicly available datasets revealed that RAS guanyl releasing protein 3 (RasGRP3) was upregulated in TGF-β1-treated lung fibroblasts and lung tissues from IPF patients relative to healthy controls. Our data confirmed the upregulation of RasGRP3 by TGF-β1 in human MRC5 lung fibroblasts. Overexpression of RasGRP3 enhanced MRC5 cell proliferation and migration. Knockdown of RasGRP3 blocked TGF-β1-induced MRC5 proliferation and migration. Vitamin D abolished TGF-β1-induced RasGRP3 upregulation, which was reversed by inhibition of the vitamin D receptor (VDR). Mechanistically, vitamin D promoted VDR enrichment and prevented mothers against decapentaplegic homolog (SMAD) 2 and 3 occupancy at the promoter of RasGRP3. Additionally, overexpression of RasGRP3 reversed the suppressive effect of vitamin D on MRC5 cell proliferation and migration. Conclusion: In conclusion, vitamin D antagonizes TGF-β1-induced lung fibroblast activation by repressing RasGRP3 transcription.

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APA Style
HU, G., HUANG, R., LU, L., PAN, Q., CHEN, X. (2023). Vitamin D attenuates tgf-β1-induced lung fibroblast proliferation and migration through repression of rasgrp3. BIOCELL, 47(6), 1243-1251. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2023.027763
Vancouver Style
HU G, HUANG R, LU L, PAN Q, CHEN X. Vitamin D attenuates tgf-β1-induced lung fibroblast proliferation and migration through repression of rasgrp3. BIOCELL . 2023;47(6):1243-1251 https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2023.027763
IEEE Style
G. HU, R. HUANG, L. LU, Q. PAN, and X. CHEN "Vitamin D attenuates TGF-β1-induced lung fibroblast proliferation and migration through repression of RasGRP3," BIOCELL , vol. 47, no. 6, pp. 1243-1251. 2023. https://doi.org/10.32604/biocell.2023.027763



cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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