Vol.68, No.1, 2021, pp.983-1001, doi:10.32604/cmc.2021.015371
Analytical Comparison of Resource Search Algorithms in Non-DHT Mobile Peer-to-Peer Networks
  • Ajay Arunachalam1,*, Vinayakumar Ravi2, Moez Krichen3, Roobaea Alroobaea4, Jehad Saad Alqurni5
1 Centre for Applied Autonomous Sensor Systems (AASS), Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden
2 Center for Artificial Intelligence, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Khobar, Saudi Arabia
3 Faculty of CSIT, Al-Baha University, Saudi Arabia ReDCAD Laboratory, University of Sfax, Tunisia
4 Department of Computer Science, College of Computers and Information Technology, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif, 21944, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Education Technologies, College of Education, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
* Corresponding Author: Ajay Arunachalam. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Intelligent Communication Systems: Smart Wireless Digital Devices and IoT)
Received 17 November 2020; Accepted 08 January 2021; Issue published 22 March 2021
One of the key challenges in ad-hoc networks is the resource discovery problem. How efficiently & quickly the queried resource/object can be resolved in such a highly dynamic self-evolving network is the underlying question? Broadcasting is a basic technique in the Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs), and it refers to sending a packet from one node to every other node within the transmission range. Flooding is a type of broadcast where the received packet is retransmitted once by every node. The naive flooding technique floods the network with query messages, while the random walk scheme operates by contacting subsets of each node’s neighbors at every step, thereby restricting the search space. Many earlier works have mainly focused on the simulation-based analysis of flooding technique, and its variants, in a wired network scenario. Although, there have been some empirical studies in peer-to-peer (P2P) networks, the analytical results are still lacking, especially in the context of mobile P2P networks. In this article, we mathematically model different widely used existing search techniques, and compare with the proposed improved random walk method, a simple lightweight approach suitable for the non-DHT architecture. We provide analytical expressions to measure the performance of the different flooding-based search techniques, and our proposed technique. We analytically derive 3 relevant key performance measures, i.e., the avg. number of steps needed to find a resource, the probability of locating a resource, and the avg. number of messages generated during the entire search process.
Mathematical model; MANET; P2P networks; P2P MANET; unstructured; search algorithms; Peer-to-Peer; ad-hoc; flooding; random walk; resource discovery; content discovery; mobile peer-to-peer; broadcast; peer
Cite This Article
A. Arunachalam, V. Ravi, M. Krichen, R. Alroobaea and J. S. Alqurni, "Analytical comparison of resource search algorithms in non-dht mobile peer-to-peer networks," Computers, Materials & Continua, vol. 68, no.1, pp. 983–1001, 2021.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.