Home / Journals / FHMT / Vol.12, No.1, 2019
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  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    THERMAL PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT IN A SQUARE CHANNEL HEAT EXCHANGER WITH VARIOUS PARAMETERS OF V-WAVY PLATES

    Amnart Boonloia, Withada Jedsadaratanachaib,*
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-9, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.1
    Abstract Numerical examinations on flow and heat transfer behaviors in a square channel heat exchanger equipped with various configurations of V-wavy plate are performed. The pitch-to-channel height ratios, wavy height-to-channel height ratios and flow directions of the test section are investigated for the Reynolds number in the range of 100 – 1000 (laminar flow regime). The finite volume method is selected for the present investigation. The results are reported in terms of flow and heat transfer mechanisms in the channel. The thermal performance assessments of the square channel fitted with the V-wavy plate are also concluded. More >

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    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF NATURAL CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER IN A PARALLELOGRAMIC ENCLOSURE HAVING AN INNER CIRCULAR CYLINDER USING LIQUID NANOFLUID

    Hasan Sh. Majdia , Ammar Abdulkadhimb,* , Azher M. Abedb
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-14, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.2
    Abstract Fluid flow and natural convection heat transfer in a parallelogram enclosure with an inner circular cylinder using Cu-water nanofluid are studied numerically. Dimensionless Navier-Stokes and energy equations are solved numerically using finite element method based two-dimensional flow and steady-state conditions. This study evaluates the effect of different concentrations of Cu-water nanofluids (0% to 6%) with different Rayleigh numbers 103 ≤ Ra ≤ 106 under isotherm wall temperatures. The effects of geometrical parameters of the parallelogram enclosure (inclination angle in range of 0 ≤ α ≤ 30 and location of inner circular cylinder -0.2 ≤ H ≤… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    MAGNETO-CONVECTION OF ALUMINA - WATER NANOFLUID WITHIN THIN HORIZONTAL LAYERS USING THE REVISED GENERALIZED BUONGIORNO'S MODEL

    A.Wakifa,* , Z. Boulahiaa, A. Amineb , I.L. Animasaunc , M. I. Afridid, M. Qasimd , R. Sehaquia
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-15, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.3
    Abstract The significance of an externally applied magnetic field and an imposed negative temperature gradient on the onset of natural convection in a thin horizontal layer of alumina-water nanofluid for various sizes of spherical alumina nanoparticles (e.g., 30 More >

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    ARTICLE

    2D FLOW OF CASSON FLUID WITH NON-UNIFORM HEAT SOURCE/SINK AND JOULE HEATING

    Emran Khoshrouye Ghiasi, Reza Saleh*
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-7, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.4
    Abstract In this paper, two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow of Casson fluid over a fixed plate under non-uniform heat source/sink and Joule heating is analyzed by the homotopy analysis method (HAM). The governing boundary-layer equations have been reduced to the ordinary differential equations (ODEs) through the similarity variables. The current HAM-series solution is compared and successfully validated by the previous studies. Furthermore, the effects of thermo-physical parameters on the current solution are precisely examined. It is found that the skin friction coefficient and local Nusselt number are greatly affected by the Hartmann number. It can be concluded More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION AND ANALYSIS OF HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT IN A MICROCHANNEL USING NANOFLUIDS BY THE LATTICE BOLTZMANN METHOD

    Rahouadja Zarita*, Madjid Hachemi
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-12, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.5
    Abstract In this work, heat transfer enhancement in a microchannel using water-Ag nanofluid has been investigated numerically by the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) by adopting the stream and collide algorithm, with the (BGK) approximation. The base fluid and the suspended nanoparticles are considered as a homogeneous mixture. And single phase model with first order slip and jump boundary conditions has been adopted. Thermophysical properties of water-Ag nanofluid are estimated by the theoretical models. Effects of change in nanoparticle volume fractions, Reynolds number and Knudsen number are considered. It was concluded that change in nanoparticle volume fractions More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    STUDY ON THE LIFETIME OF CATALYST IN CATALYTIC COMBUSTION FURNACE OF NATURAL GAS AND APPLICATIONS OF HEATING POTTERY

    Shihong Zhang* , Hui Yang
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-5, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.6
    Abstract This article discussed the lifetime of catalyst on cost effect for catalytic combustion furnace and applications of pottery heated by catalytic combustion furnace in purification water. The time of start-up process rises with the increase of the number of ignition. The catalyst sintering was remarkable. By reducing the number of ignition and adjusting the temperature rise uniformly in the furnace, the efficient utilization of thermal energy could be realized to saving production cost and extending the lifetime of catalyst. With exquisite and even-textured surface the pottery had striking purification effect on water. The water purification More >

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    ARTICLE

    THERMAL ANALYSIS OF NATURAL CONVECTION AND RADIATION HEAT TRANSFER IN MOVING POROUS FINS

    Partner L. Ndlovua,b,∗, Raseelo J. Moitshekia,†
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-8, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.7
    Abstract In this article, the Differential Transform Method (DTM) is used to perform thermal analysis of natural convective and radiative heat transfer in moving porous fins of rectangular and exponential profiles. This study is performed using Darcy’s model to formulate the governing heat transfer equations. The effects of porosity parameter, irregular profile and other thermo-physical parameters, such as Peclet number and the radiation parameter are also analyzed. The results show that the fin rapidly dissipates heat to the surrounding temperature with an increase in the values of the porosity parameter and the dimensionless time parameter. The More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    TEMPERATURES DEPENDENT DRYING KINETICS OF COCOA BEANS VARIETIES IN AIR-VENTILATED OVEN

    M.A. Waheeda, C.A. Komolafeb,*
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-7, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.8
    Abstract The drying kinetics of three varieties of cocoa beans (N38, F and WA) at 40, 50 and 60 degree centigrade was investigated experimentally. The three different varieties were dried using laboratory air oven UF Memmert and the moisture content determined according to AOAC standards. The results show that drying processes occur mainly in the range of the falling-rate period and the drying rates were observed to be faster at higher drying temperature. The effective diffusivities of the three cocoa beans varieties determined at 40, 50 and 60 degree centigrade ranged between 9.9269 x 10-11 and 4.4671 More >

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    ARTICLE

    EXERGY ANALYSIS IN ENERGY SYSTEMS: FUNDAMENTALS AND APPLICATION

    Hamidreza Shabgarda,* , Amir Faghrib
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-16, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.9
    Abstract Fundamentals of exergy analysis in energy systems are reviewed and presented in a cohesive and general manner for the study of energy systems. The exergy analysis is applied to several engineering systems and processes, namely fuel cells, latent heat thermal energy storage, heat exchangers and thermal desalination systems to obtain insight on the best optimization strategies as well as the theoretical limits of performance. The various sources of irreversibility and optimal operating conditions are presented for relevant applications. It is also shown that for some systems the exergy efficiency as a function of a given More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    A STUDY ON MHD BOUNDARY LAYER FLOW ROTATING FRAME NANOFLUID WITH CHEMICAL REACTION

    N. Vedavathia , G. Dharmaiahb,* , K.S. Balamuruganc, K. Ramakrishnad
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-9, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.10
    Abstract The effect of chemical reaction on MHD free convection heat transfer flow of a nanofluid bounded a semi-infinite flat surface in a rotating frame of reference is theoretically investigated. The velocity along the plate (slip velocity) is assumed to oscillate on time with constant frequency. The analytical solutions of different water based nanofluids containing TiO2, Al2O3, Ag, Cu and CuO of the boundary layers are assumed, to keep the problem as realistic as possible. The dimensionless governing equations for this investigation are solved analytically by using the small perturbation Technique. The effects of various physical parameters More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    DEVELOPMENT OF A HEAT PIPE AND GREY BASED TAGUCHI METHOD FOR MULTI-OUTPUT OPTIMIZATION TO IMPROVE THERMAL PERFORMANCE USING HYBRID NANOFLUIDS

    Mohammed Yunus*, Mohammad S. Alsoufi
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-8, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.11
    Abstract Swift cooling systems, improved microprocessor chips, processors’ performance and power usage have increased production of an enormous amount of heat and high operating temperatures due to excess heat flux density in the field of microelectronics. A rapid cooling of electronic circuits and heat dissipation for the same size of pipe with the present technology as nano size circuits critically generate high heat flux beyond 100 W/cm2 is currently the challenging task with which we are presented. Cooling in the form of heat transfer should be managed using both thermal conductivity (evaporation) and phase transition (condensation)… More >

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    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL SOLUTION ON NON-UNIFORM MESH OF DARCY-BRINKMAN-FORCHHEIMER MODEL FOR TRANSIENT CONVECTIVE HEAT TRANSFER OVER FLAT PLATE IN SATURATED POROUS MEDIUM

    Elyazid Flilihi, Mohammed Sriti, Driss Achemlal
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-10, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.12
    Abstract A numerical investigation is performed to analyze the transient laminar free convection over an isothermal inclined plate embedded in a saturated porous medium with the viscous dissipation effects. The flow in the porous medium is modeled with the Darcy-Brinkman- Forchheimer model, taking into account the convective term. The dimensionless nonlinear partial differential equations are solved numerically using an explicit finite difference method. The effects of different parameters: (1 ≤ Re ≤ 10 ; 10−2 ≤ Da ≤ 10 ; 0 ≤ Gr ≤ 50 ; 0 ≤ F r ≤ 3 ; 0 ≤ Ec ≤ More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    A HYBRID CELLULAR AUTOMATON METHOD FOR STRUCTURAL TOPOLOGY OPTIMIZATION WITH MECHANICAL AND HEAT CONSTRAINTS

    Xiaolei Denga,b,c,*,† , Jin Wangd , Jinyu Zhoua, Hongcheng Shena, Zefeng Shenga, Jianglin Zhanga, Xiaowen La, Changxiong Xiea
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-6, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.13
    Abstract A hybrid cellular automaton model combined with finite element method for structural topology optimization with mechanical and heat constraints is developed. The effect of thermal stress on structural optimization is taken into account. Higher order 8-node element and von Neumann strategy are employed for the finite element and the cellular element, respectively. The validating studies of standard testing structure for topological optimization are carried out. The structure evolution, stress evolution and thermal evolution of topology optimization with mechanical and heat constraints are investigated. The results show the developed hybrid method is more efficient for structural More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    PERFORMANCE OF NANOPOROUS FILTRATION MEMBRANE WITH CONICAL PORES: FOR A LIQUID-PARTICLE SEPARATION

    Yongbin Zhang*
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-6, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.14
    Abstract An analysis was developed for the flow resistance of the nanoporous filtration membrane with conical pores for a liquid-particle separation, based on the nanoscale flow model. The calculation results show that there exists the optimum cone angle of the conical pore which gives the lowest flow resistance and thus the highest flux of the membrane; This optimum cone angle of the conical pore depends on the radius of the small opening of the conical pore, the passing liquid-pore wall interaction and the membrane thickness. The equations were regressed out for calculating this optimum cone angle More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    IMPACT OF VARIABLE LIQUID PROPERTIES ON PERISTALTIC MECHANISM OF CONVECTIVELY HEATED JEFFREY FLUID IN A SLIPPERY ELASTIC TUBE

    B.B. Divyaa , G. Manjunathaa,† , C. Rajashekhara, Hanumesh Vaidyab, K.V. Prasadc
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-9, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.15
    Abstract The present paper examines the peristaltic mechanism of a Jeffrey fluid through an elastic tube. The influence of velocity slip, convective boundary conditions, and variable liquid properties are taken into account. Closed form solutions are obtained for velocity, flux and temperature fields. In order to linearize the temperature equation, perturbation technique is employed. Also, the flux is determined theoretically via Rubinow and Keller and Mazumdar approach and the results are compared graphically. The effects of various vital parameters on the fluid flow are sketched and analyzed graphically. The findings emphasize the importance of elastic parameters More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    DRUG RELEASE IN TRANSDERMAL DEVICES: A BRIEF PARAMETRIC STUDY

    F.C.C. Almeidaa , P.M. da Silvab,c, M.N.C. Coelho Pinheiroa,d,*
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-9, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.16
    Abstract In the last decades, polymeric systems were essayed and applied successfully as vehicles for transdermal delivery devices of active principles. Applications in contraception, pain control, and smoking cessation are already frequent. A crucial aspect in the development of new formulations is the maintenance of the therapeutic drug concentration range for long periods. Recognizing this topic as interesting and challenging, simple models to describe drug release from a transdermal device were developed with the purpose to perform a parametric sensitivity analysis. Assuming drug diffusion within the polymeric delivery system as the dominant mechanism the models were More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    VISCOUS DISSIPATION EFFECT ON TRANSIENT ALIGNED MAGNETIC FREE CONVECTIVE FLOW PAST AN INCLINED MOVING PLATE

    G. Dharmaiaha,* , Ali J. Chamkhab, N. Vedavathic , K.S. Balamurugand
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-11, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.17
    Abstract The present analysis is focused on free convective heat and mass transfer characteristics of magneto flow through a moving inclined plate under the influence of Aligned magnetic, viscous dissipation and thermal radiation. A uniform magnetic field is applied perpendicular to the plate. The governing non-dimensional linear partial differential equations are solved by using perturbation technique. Graphical results for the velocity, temperature and concentration distributions within the boundary layer for several physical parameters and tabulated results for the Skin-friction, the Nusselt number and the Sherwood number are displayed and discussed. The effect of increasing values of More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL STUDY OF PERIODICALLY FULLY-DEVELOPED FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER IN CHANNELS WITH PERIODIC SEMICIRCULAR TUBE

    Weiyu Zhanga , Mo Yanga,*, Yuwen Zhangb
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-8, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.18
    Abstract The periodically fully-developed flow and heat transfer in channels with periodic semi-circular tube is studied numerically by the direct numerical simulation (DNS), the large eddy simulation (LES), and the Reynolds stress model (RSM). When the Reynolds number is between 3000 and 25000, the Nusselt number obtained by the RSM is closer to the experimental results than the results obtained from other turbulence models. The nonlinear characteristics of flow and heat transfer is revealed based on the results of numerical simulation. When Reynolds number is high, the geometric structure and boundary conditions of the channel are More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    THE EFFECTS OF GAP SPACING RATIO ON FLOW STRUCTURE AND HEAT TRANSFER CHARACTERISTIC FOR THE V-ORIFICE IN THE SQUARE CHANNEL HEAT EXCHANGER

    Amnart Boonloia, Withada Jedsadaratanachaib,*
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-13, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.19
    Abstract The variations of flow and heat transfer in the square channel heat exchanger inserted with various parameters of V-orifice are investigated numerically. The influences of flow directions (V-Downstream and V-Upstream), gap spacing ratios (g/H or GR = 0, 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, 0.25 and 0.30) and blockage ratios (b/H or BR = 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.25 and 0.30) on flow topology and heat transfer behavior are reported. The laminar flow regime with the Reynolds number in the range 100 – 2000 is considered. The numerical results are presented in terms of flow and heat transfer More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    MEASUREMENTS AND MODELING OF FLUID FLOW AND THERMAL PROCESSES IN AN INDUSTRIAL PRECALCINER

    Qingxin Baa , Scott Egbertb, Xuefang Lia,* , Lin Chenga,**
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-9, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.20
    Abstract Precalciner performance is crucial to the production rate and lifespan of cement kiln systems. The gas-solid flow and pulverized coal combustion processes in an industrial precalciner were numerically modeled to understand the flow patterns and thermal processes in the system. The gas and meal flow rates and properties were measured on-site to determine the boundary conditions for the simulations and to validate the models. The upward swirl of the gas flow in the furnace helped disperse the particles and extend their duration in the precalciner. The O2 and CO2 concentration distributions indicated that the coal particles More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    ESTIMATION AND VALIDATION OF INTERFACIAL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT DURING SOLIDIFICATION OF SPHERICAL SHAPED ALUMINUM ALLOY (AL 6061) CASTING USING INVERSE CONTROL VOLUME TECHNIQUE

    L. Anna Gowsalyaa , P.D. Jeyakumarb,*, R. Rajaramanc,†, R. Velrajd
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-7, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.21
    Abstract Solidification of casting is a complex phenomenon which requires accurate input to simulate for real time applications. Interfacial heat transfer coefficient (IHTC) is an important input parameter for the simulation process. The IHTC is varying with respect to time during solidification and the exact value is to be given as input for the accurate simulation of the casting process. In this work an attempt is made to estimate the IHTC during solidification of spherical shaped aluminum alloy component with sand mould. The mould surface heat flux and mould surface temperatures are estimated by inverse control More >

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    ARTICLE

    ENTROPY GENERATION ANALYSIS OF A NATURAL CONVECTION INSIDE A SINUSOIDAL ENCLOSURE WITH DIFFERENT SHAPES OF CYLINDERS

    Hussein M. Jassim, Farooq H. Ali* , Qusay R. Al-Amir, Hameed K. Hamzah, Salwan Obaid Waheed Khafaji
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-9, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.22
    Abstract This study is focused on the entropy generation of laminar natural convection inside a sinusoidal enclosure filled with air (Pr=0.71). The numerical investigation is performed for three shapes of inner cylinders (circle, square, and equilateral triangle) with the same area and different values of the Rayleigh number (103-106). Galerkin Finite Element Approach is utilized to solve the governing equations. The results showed that the entropy generations due to heat transfer, fluid friction and total entropy generation increase with increasing values of Rayleigh number, while the local Bejan number decreases. More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    A STUDY OF MAGNETIC EFFECT ON FLOW BETWEEN TWO PLATES WITH SUCTION OR INJECTION WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CASSON FLUID

    V. S. Sampath Kumar, N. P. Pai
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-9, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.23
    Abstract The present paper encorporates the effet of magnetic field on the incompressible Casson fluid flow between two parallel infinite rectangular plates approaching towards or away from each other with suction or injection at the porous plates. Using similarity transformations the governing Navier-Stokes equations are reduced to a nonlinear ordinary differential equation. Semi-analytical solution is obtained based on the Homotopy perturbation method. Further, the solution is compared with the classical finite difference method separately. The effect of magnetic field on velocity, skin friction and pressure is analysed on flow between two plates with suction or injection, More >

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    ARTICLE

    ASETS-II OSCILLATING HEAT PIPE SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIMENT: THE FIRST SIX MONTHS ON ORBIT

    Brenton S. Tafta,*, Kevin W. Irickb
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-7, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.24
    Abstract On September 7th, 2017 the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory launched the second Advanced Structurally Embedded Thermal Spreader (ASETSII) flight experiment to space on Orbital Test Vehicle 5. The ASETS-II experiment is made of three low-mass, low-cost oscillating heat pipes (OHPs) and an electronics/experiment control box. The three primary science objectives of the experiment are to measure the initial on-orbit thermal performance, to measure long duration thermal performance, and to assess any lifetime degradation. The three OHPs on ASETS-II are of varying configuration (center heating with single- and double-sided cooling) and working fluids (butane and… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    NUMERICAL SIMULATION FOR INVERSE HEAT CONDUCTION PROBLEM OF SINGLE-LAYER LINING EROSION OF BLAST FURNACE

    Fuyong Sua,*, Rui Songa , Peiwei Nia , Zhi Wenb
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-5, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.25
    Abstract A mathematical model of the inverse heat transfer problem of blast furnace lining is established in this study. Following the identification of the boundary conditions of the model, the inverse problem via the conjugate gradient method was decomposed into three issues: the direct problem, the sensitivity problem, and the adjoint problem. The feasibility of the model was verified through two types of real inner wall boundary shape functions. The effects of the initial inner wall boundary shape function and the number of measuring points are also investigated. Results showed that the accuracy of the inverse More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    REVIEW

    HYDRODYNAMIC AND THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF TWISTED TAPE INSERT PROVIDED IN HEAT EXCHANGER TUBES: A REVIEW

    Ravi Datta,b , Anil Kumarc,*, Mangal Singh Bhistd , Alok Darshan Kothiyale , Rajesh Maithanif
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-19, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.26
    Abstract This work presents a review of the research recent results concerning the augmentation of hydrodynamic and thermal performance of various twisted tape inserts in heat exchanger tubes. The thermal and hydrodynamic correlations for various twisted tape elements have been summarized. A comparative study of thermal and hydrodynamic performance of numerous twisted elements has also been reported to understand the result of applications of twisted tape inserts in heat exchanger tubes. The literature review found that multiple twisted tapes heat exchanger tube shape enhanced hydrodynamic and thermal performance than other comparable twisted tape inserts heat exchanger More >

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    ARTICLE

    SURROGATE-BASED OPTIMIZATION OF THERMAL DAMAGE TO LIVING BIOLOGICAL TISSUES BY LASER IRRADIATION

    Nazia Afrina , Yuwen Zhangb,*
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-6, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.27
    Abstract The surrogate-based analysis and optimization of thermal damage in living biological tissue by laser irradiation are discussed in this paper. Latin Hypercube Sampling (LHS) and Response Surface Model (RSM) are applied to study the surrogate-based optimization of thermal damage in tissue using a generalized dual-phase lag model. Response value of high temperature as a function of input variables and the relationship of maximum temperature and thermal damage as a function of input variables are investigated. Comparisons of SBO model and simulation results for different sample sizes are examined. The results show that every input variable More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    STUDY ON WAX DEPOSITION RATE OPTIMIZATION ALGORITHM BASED ON LEVENBERG-MARQUARDT ALGORITHM AND GLOBAL OPTIMIZATION

    Rongge Xiaoa , Yue Zhub,*, Wenbo Jina , Zheng Daia , Shifang Lia , Fan Zhangc
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-6, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.28
    Abstract In order to accurately obtain the wax deposition rate model, according to the kinetic principle of wax deposition, several factors affecting the wax deposition rate were selected, and by a optimization software of First Optimization(1stOpt), The parameters of two typical wax deposition rate models are solved respectively based on optimization algorithm combined by Levenberg-Marquardt (L-M) algorithm and global optimization and the calculated data were compared. The results show that: compared with the model parameters obtained by least squares method, the model parameters obtained by this optimization algorithm can describe the variation of wax deposition rate… More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    EXPLORING SIMPLE MODELS FOR DRUG DELIVERY IN OCULAR DEVICES: DIFFUSION 1D, 2D AND EFFECT OF DRUG-POLYMER BINDING

    A.D.S.M.R. Pascoala , P.M. da Silvab,c, M.N.C. Coelho Pinheiroa,d,*
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-7, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.29
    Abstract Efforts have been made to obtain new drug formulations in ophthalmologic applications to replace eye drops that are inefficient. Soft contact lenses have been using as an ophthalmic drug delivery device. Several hydrogels were used to prepare solid matrices with the drug impregnated. Assuming drug diffusion within polymeric devices as the dominant mechanism in the mass transfer process, simple models were developed to describe drug release from an ocular delivery device. The timolol maleate (medicine for glaucoma treatment) dissolution profile in the release medium for methacrylate hydrogels based contact lenses were obtained experimentally and compared More >

  • Open AccessOpen Access

    ARTICLE

    LONG-TERM ON-ORBIT THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF AEROGEL INSULATION

    Kevin W. Iricka , Sally M. Smithb , Andrew D. Williamsb,* , Derek W. Hengeveldc , Joy M. Steinb
    Frontiers in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol.12, pp. 1-5, 2019, DOI:10.5098/hmt.12.30
    Abstract This paper provides an analysis of the thermal performance of aerogel insulation used during a long-term International Space Station (ISS) flight experiment aboard Space Test Program – Houston 3 (STP-H3). The Variable emissivity device Aerogel insulation blanket, Dual zone thermal control Experiment suite for Responsive space (VADER) investigation tested a variable emissivity radiator and a new form of multi-layer insulation that used aerogel as the thermal isolator. An effort was made to evaluate the performance of the aerogel insulation over the active flight period. The available flight temperature data shows no evidence of deterioration or More >

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