Home / Journals / ICCES / Vol.4, No.1, 2007
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  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Experimental and Computational Investigation of Flow in a Periodically -- Driven Cavity

    S. Sriram1, S. Pushpavanam1, Abhijit P. Deshp,e1, E.G. Tulapurkara2
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 1-10, 2007, DOI:10.3970/icces.2007.004.001
    Abstract The flow in a periodically-driven cavity is studied experimentally using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and the results are compared with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations. The experiments are carried out in a cuboid of 0.1x 0.1m x 0.02 m size with glycerol as the fluid. Measurements are carried out at various amplitudes and frequencies of lid motion. The planar velocity measurements are made at three different z-planes and x-planes. It is found that the temporal variations of x-, y- and z-components of velocities of the flow are periodic, with the imposed plate frequency as the dominant frequency. Computation using FLUENT… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Incompressible Viscous Flow Simulations Using the Petrov-Galerkin Finite Element Method

    Kazuhiko Kakuda1, Tomohiro Aiso1, Shinichiro Miura2
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 11-18, 2007, DOI:10.3970/icces.2007.004.011
    Abstract The applications of a finite element scheme to three-dimensional incompressible viscous fluid flows are presented. The scheme is based on the Petrov-Galerkin weak formulation with exponential weighting functions. The incompressible Navier-Stokes equations are numerically integrated in time by using a fractional step strategy with second-order accurate Adams-Bashforth scheme for both advection and diffusion terms. Numerical solutions for flow around a circular cylinder and flow around a railway vehicle in a tunnel are presented. More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Numerical Simulation of Three Dimensional Flow in Water Tank of Marine Fish Larvae

    Shigeaki Shiotani1, Atsushi Hagiwara2, Yoshitaka Sakakura3
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 19-24, 2007, DOI:10.3970/icces.2007.004.019
    Abstract Marine fish larvae are fragile against physical stress. However, few studies have been conducted to evaluate the flow field in a rearing tank, which is assumed to provide a high degree of physical stress to marine fish larvae. This paper is a report on the numerical estimation of stationary flow in the rearing tank of marine fish larvae. The calculated flow in the rearing tank was compared with the experimental one. The calculation of the stationary flow in the rearing tank showed good qualitative and quantitative agreement with the experimental results. More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Numerical Investigation on PDEs with Mixed Fuels

    J. Kato1, K. Inaba2, M. Yamamoto3
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 25-30, 2007, DOI:10.3970/icces.2007.004.025
    Abstract Pulse detonation turbine engines (PDTEs), which are used as power generation, are desirable to use hydrocarbon from the aspect of infrastructure of fuels. In the present study, we investigate the performance of PDEs using mixed hydrocarbon fuels. With the detailed 42-species and 168-step mechanism, numerical simulations on mixed-fuel-and-air PDEs are conducted. We use CH4-C3H8, CH4-H2, and C3H8-H2 as fuels, and examine characteristic features of detonations with different blend ratios. We perform calculations on the Chapman-Jouguet detonation speeds and chemical reaction lengths, and investigate ZND profiles of chemical reactions. Then we evaluate PDEs performances by changing blend ratios. These results show… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Fuzzy Logic Model on Operation and Control of Hydro-Power Dams in Malaysia

    Dr. V. Ramani Bai, Prof. Mohamad Rom Tamjis
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 31-40, 2007, DOI:10.3970/icces.2007.004.031
    Abstract The aim of this paper is to develop a fuzzy logic model for deriving optimal operational rules at the macro level for better performance and control of hydro-power generation. System modeling based on conventional mathematical tools is not well suited for dealing with ill-defined and uncertain systems. By contrast, a fuzzy inference system employing "if-then" rules can model the qualitative aspects of human knowledge and reasoning processes without employing precise quantitative analyses. In fuzzy logic, diagnosis is based on imprecise data. For instance, when the demand is `very high' i.e. in linguistic term, then its value is important in assisting… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Soot Track Formation by Shock Wave Propagation

    K. Inaba1, M. Yamamoto2, J.E. Shepherd3, A. Matsuo4
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 41-46, 2007, DOI:10.3970/icces.2007.004.041
    Abstract The purpose of this research is to explore an explanation of detonation soot track formation, comparing with previous hypothesis of formation mechanism. Focusing on the role of shear stress in transporting soot along the surface, we investigated the non-reactive Mach reflections numerically with three-dimensional compressible Navier-Stokes simulations. Numerical results are compared with a two-dimensional detonation simulation and used to investigate the effect of shear stress spatial and temporal variations on soot redistributions. The motions of soot due to surface shear stress are numerically examined with treating soot as particles and fluid parcel. More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Extension of an Error Estimator Approach Based on Gradient Recovery for the Panel Method

    B.S. Sousa1, D.R. Petrucci1, A.B. Jorge1, N. Manzanares-Filho1
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.4, No.1, pp. 47-52, 2007, DOI:10.3970/icces.2007.004.047
    Abstract The use of computational methods in modern engineering is an irreversible trend, especially in the field of aerodynamics. The validation of these methods is an essential part of their development. In many situations this validation can be made by using experimental results. In other situations, particularly for potential flow methods, the validation can be made by using analytical results (Joukowski, Karman-Trefftz and Van de Vooren airfoils, for example). In general situations, however, especially when no analytical solutions are available (for example, NACA airfoils series), it is highly desirable to know the errors due to the use of numerical methods in… More >

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