Home / Journals / ICCES / Vol.9, No.1, 2009
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  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Accurate tool for handwritten character recognition based on image compressions techniques

    Abdurazzag Ali Aburas1
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 1-2, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.009.001
    Abstract The typical Optical Character Recognition (OCR) systems, regardless the character's nature, are based mainly on three stages, preprocessing, features extraction and discrimination (recognizer). Each stage has its own problems and effects on the system efficiency such as time consuming and recognition errors. In order to avoid these difficulties this talk presents new construction of OCR system without pre-processing, features extraction and classifier for any handwriting characters using standard and advanced Image Compression techniques. The proposed algorithms obtained promising results in terms of accuracy as well as in terms of time consuming. More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Conjugate Heat Transfer of Forced Convection with Viscous Dissipation for Visco-Elastic Fluid Past a Flat Plate Fin

    Kai-Long Hsiao1, Cheng-Hsing Hsu2
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 3-22, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.009.003
    Abstract A conjugate forced convection with viscous dissipation heat transfer problem of a second-grade visco-elastic fluid past a flat plate fin has been studied. Governing equations include heat conduction equation of the fin, and continuity equation, momentum equation and energy equation of the fluid, were analyzed by a combination of a series expansion method, the similarity transformation and a second-order accurate finite-difference method. Solutions of a stagnation flow (β = 1.0) at the fin tip and a flat plate shape (wedge flow β = 0.0) on the fin surface were obtained by a generalized Falkner-Skan flow derivation. These solutions were used… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    New System Based on Image Processing and Analysis Techniques for Vickers and Brinell Hardness Semi-Automatic Measurement

    Victor Hugo Costa de Albuquerque1, Tarique da Silvira Cavalcante2, Pedro Pedrosa Rebouças Filho2, João Manuel R. S. Tavares1
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 23-24, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.009.023
    Abstract Mechanical tests for measurement of hardness are fundamental to evaluate some metallic materials properties, like wear resistance, ductility and flow tension. The manual process for hardness measurement is very interpretive and subjective, as the reading of needed values (diameters or diagonals) of the indenter on the material in test depends directly on operator's viewpoint (parallax effect), appropriate calibration of test machine and operator's experience. Additionally, one must notice that operator's fatigue or tiredness, due to a high number of tests done, is highly prone to measurement errors. \newline In this context, the main goals of this work were the development… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    A Hybrid Damper and Its Application for Semi-Active Control of Vehicle Suspension System

    Y.W. Yun, M.K. Park
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 25-26, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.009.025
    Abstract This paper presents a semi-active control of vehicle suspension system with a hybrid damper. This damper consists of a conventional oil damper and magnetorheological fluidic (MRF) accumulator, which comprises gas accumulator and MRF device. The shaft of MRF device, fitted to in series the side of gas accumulator, is connected with a floating piston that divided into gas chamber and oil chamber. During the oil damper piston motion, the floating piston also behaves in the same direction of piston and the pressure of gas chamber varies. MRF accumulator will provides a force to the damper through retarding the movement of… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    BEM stress analysis of 3D generally anisotropic elastic solids

    C. L. Tan1, Y.C. Shiah2
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 27-32, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.009.027
    Abstract A BEM formulation for the numerical stress analysis of 3D generally anisotropic elastic solids is presented in this paper. It is based on closed-form algebraic expressions of the fundamental solutions derived by Ting and Lee [7] and Lee [8] which are defined in terms of Stroh's eigenvalues, and has never been implemented previously in the literature. The veracity of the formulation and implementation is demonstrated by two engineering examples. More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Determination of response spectrum of a linear time invariant gyroscopic system to random excitations using finite element method

    Sibi Chacko1 The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 33-44, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.009.033
    Abstract In this work, dynamic analysis of a compliant shaft while it rotates about its axis has been carried out using Finite Element Method. This system is linear time invariant gyroscopic system. The governing equations are formulated for the shaft supported at both ends. Both ends of the shaft are supported to allow rotations by constraining all degrees of freedom, except axial rotations. The shaft is modeled using beam elements, with six degrees of freedom at the nodes. The effect of rotation on displacements is analysed by assessing the total kinetic energy and potential energy. In this work dynamic response of… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    On the Influence of Mechanical Behavior of the Middle Ear Ligaments: a Finite Element Analysis

    Fernanda Gentil1, Renato Natal Jorge2, António Joaquim Mendes Ferreira3, Marco Parente4, Pedro Martins5, Eurico de Almeida6
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 45-56, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.009.045
    Abstract The interest in finite element method (FEM) concerning biomechanics has been increasing, in particular, to analyze the mechanical behavior of the human ear. In this work, a finite element model of the middle ear was made. A dynamic study based on a structural response to harmonic vibrations, for different sound pressure levels, applied on the eardrum, is presented using the ABAQUS program. The model includes different ligaments and muscle tendons with elastic and hyperelastic behavior of these supportive structure. The non-linear behavior of the ligaments and muscle tendons was considered, being the connection between ossicles done by contact formulation. Harmonic… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Network-Marketing: Intelligent Data Control System using Data Mining Technique

    H.S. Fadewar1, S.B. Jagtap1, G.N.Shinde2
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 57-66, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.009.057
    Abstract Data Mining (DM) techniques are well-known for providing flexible and efficient analytical tools for data processing. In this paper, we propose intelligent data control system design and specifications as an example of DM application in marketing data processing. E-Marketing businesses are using Data Mining to identify patterns in customers' buying behavior; identify profitable customer segments; increase marketing return rates; prevent loss of valuable customers; estimate credit risk; identify fraudulent activity and much more. More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Evaluation of Statistical Feature Encoding Techniques on Iris Images

    Chowhan S.S.1, G.N. Shinde2
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 67-74, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.009.067
    Abstract Feature selection, often used as a pre-processing step to machine learning, is designed to reduce dimensionality, eliminate irrelevant data and improve accuracy. Iris Basis is our first attempt to reduce the dimensionality of the problem while focusing only on parts of the scene that effectively identify the individual. Independent Component Analysis (ICA) is to extract iris feature to recognize iris pattern. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) is a dimension-reduction tool that can be used to reduce a large set of variables to a small set that still contains most of the information in the large set. Image quality is very important… More >

  • Open Access

    ABSTRACT

    Multi-pass Medium Plate Rolling Processes Using Thermo-mechanical FE Analysis

    Hai-liang YU1, Xiang-hua LIU1, Ying ZHI1
    The International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Vol.9, No.1, pp. 75-76, 2009, DOI:10.3970/icces.2009.009.075
    Abstract Material properties and geometrical shape of rolled products are two of the most important problems in steel product, which are affected by the thermal distribution and deformation behavior during rolling. Analysis of the behavior of medium plate during multi-pass rolling is significant for guiding the production.

    Recently years, the finite element method (FEM) has been widely used for analyzing the plate rolling processes, which has become an irreplaceable theory method. Rolling processes is a kind of continuous metal forming technology. Through multi-pass rolling processes, the shape and microstructure of plate could be obtained. However, in mostly works, the researchers focused… More >

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