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A Novel Bio-Based Zirconium Phosphonate as a Flame Retardant and Smoke Suppressant for Epoxy Resin

Xianling Fu#, Hongliang Ding#, Xin Wang*, Lei Song, Yuan Hu*
State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026, China
* Corresponding Authors: Xin Wang. Email: ; Yuan Hu. Email:

Journal of Renewable Materials 2022, 10(9), 2303-2317. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2022.020759

Received 10 December 2021; Accepted 17 January 2022; Issue published 30 May 2022

Abstract

Although epoxy resin has been widely used in various fields, it still suffers from some problems including brittleness and flammability. In this study, a new phosphonic acid, N, N-bis(phosphomethyl) glycine (GDMP), was prepared by Mannich reaction with bio-based glycine and then a novel layered zirconium phosphonate (ZrGDMP) was synthesized using GDMP and zirconyl chloride hydrate as reactants. The chemical structure of ZrGDMP was well characterized by 1H and 31P NMR, SEM, XRD and XPS. The effect of ZrGDMP on the flame retardancy, smoke suppression, strengthening and toughening performances of the epoxy matrix was investigated and evaluated. TGA results indicated that compared with pure EP, ZrGDMP-EP composites showed higher char yield due to the catalytic charring effect of ZrGDMP. The pure EP exhibited high flammability, while ZrGDMP-EP composites possessed excellent thermal stability and remarkable fire resistance. The PHRR, THR, and TSP values of 3wt% ZrGDMP-EP were obviously declined by 39.6%, 40.2%, and 24.9% compared to these of pure EP. Moreover, the tensile and impact tests implied that the addition of ZrGDMP can significantly reinforce the toughness as well as the strength of EP in terms of higher impact strength (24.8 kJ/m2) and tensile strength (57.7 MPa), which was mainly contributed to the uniform dispersion of ZrGDMP within the EP matrix.

Graphical Abstract

A Novel Bio-Based Zirconium Phosphonate as a Flame Retardant and Smoke Suppressant for Epoxy Resin

Keywords

Zirconium phosphonate; epoxy resin; flame retardant; mechanical property

Cite This Article

Fu, X., Ding, H., Wang, X., Song, L., Hu, Y. (2022). A Novel Bio-Based Zirconium Phosphonate as a Flame Retardant and Smoke Suppressant for Epoxy Resin. Journal of Renewable Materials, 10(9), 2303–2317.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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