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Mechanical Properties of Self-Compacting Rubberized Concrete with Different Rubber Types under Triaxial Compression

Chunli Meng1, Weishu Fu1,*, Jianzeng Shen2,*, Yisheng Su1,2, Chunying Ye1
1 College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530004, China
2 College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Nanning University, Nanning, 541699, China
* Corresponding Authors: Weishu Fu. Email: ; Jianzeng Shen. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Sustainable Concrete with Recyclable Materials)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2023, 11(2), 581-598.

Received 19 February 2022; Accepted 12 May 2022; Issue published 22 September 2022


Different rubber aggregates lead to changes in the effect of stress conditions on the mechanical behavior of concrete, and studies on the triaxial properties of self-compacting rubber concrete (SCRC) are rare. In this study, 35 cylindrical specimens taking lateral stress and rubber type as variables were prepared to study the fresh properties and mechanical behaviors of SCRC under triaxial compression, where the rubber contains two types, i.e., 380 μm rubber powder and 1–4 mm rubber particles, and four contents, i.e., 10%, 20% and 30%. The test results demonstrated that SCRC exhibited a typical oblique shear failure mode under triaxial compression and had a more moderate descending branch compared with self-compacting concrete (SCC). The presence of lateral stress can significantly improve the compression properties, including initial elastic modulus, peak stress and peak strain, with an improvement range of 3%–73% for peak stress. While rubber aggregates mainly targeted the deformation abilities and toughness for improvement, and the peak strain improvement ranges were 0.1–3.1 times and 0.1–1.0 times for SCRC containing rubber powder and SCRC containing rubber particles, respectively, relative to SCC. At a high lateral stress of at least 12 MPa, the loss of strength due to the addition of rubber can be controlled within 10%, in which case the content of rubber powder and rubber particles was recommended to be at most 20% and 30%, respectively. Based on the Mohr-Coulomb theory, the failure criteria of SCRC with different rubber types were established. For analysis and design purposes, an empirical model was proposed to predict the stress-strain behavior under triaxial compression, considering the influence of different rubber content and lateral stress. The results obtained in this study can provide a valuable reference for the design and application of self-compacting rubberized concrete in practical projects, especially those involving three-way compression states and requiring high-quality deformation and energy dissipation.

Graphical Abstract

Mechanical Properties of Self-Compacting Rubberized Concrete with Different Rubber Types under Triaxial Compression


Self-compacting rubberized concrete; rubber types; triaxial mechanical properties; failure criterion; constitutive model

Cite This Article

Meng, C., Fu, W., Shen, J., Su, Y., Ye, C. (2023). Mechanical Properties of Self-Compacting Rubberized Concrete with Different Rubber Types under Triaxial Compression. Journal of Renewable Materials, 11(2), 581–598.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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