Table of Content

Sustainable Concrete with Recyclable Materials

Submission Deadline: 28 February 2023 Submit to Special Issue

Guest Editors

Xiao-Yong Wang, Professor, Kangwon National University, Korea.

Professor Wang Xiaoyong is a full professor in the Department of Architectural Engineering and Department of Integrated Energy and Infra System of Kangwon National University. Professor Wang Xiaoyong received his bachelor's and master's degrees from Harbin Institute of Technology, and his Ph.D. from Hanyang University. After graduating with his Ph.D., he worked as a postdoctoral researcher at Hanyang University for two years. His research direction is concrete performance modeling and optimization design. He has published more than 100 papers as corresponding author and first author, and he is a research excellent professor at Kangwon National University. He has also organized several special issues to address the low-carbon and carbon-neutralization of the concrete industry.

Run-Sheng Lin, Kangwon National University, Korea.

Run-Sheng Lin is a researcher at Kangwon National University. The main research areas are carbon neutrality in cement-based materials, sustainable building materials, the durability of building materials, self-healing concrete, microstructure & hydration of cement composite materials, etc. He has published over 17 international peer-reviewed papers, of which 8 are the first author. In addition, he is also the reviewer of more than ten journals.


Concrete is one of the most widely used materials in civil engineering. While meeting engineering needs, concrete structures are also facing various challenges. The recycling of materials and the reduction of CO2 emissions are important issues that need to be resolved urgently. Fly ash from thermal power plants, slag from the iron and steel industry, and rice husk ash from agricultural by-products can replace a part of cement and reduce CO2 emissions. In addition, after the concrete structure is dismantled, it can be crushed into coarse aggregate and reused in the production and manufacture of concrete. How to reduce or even eliminate CO2 emissions while meeting the construction performance is an urgent problem for academic institutions, concrete construction companies, and government departments to solve. The purpose of this research is to provide an exchange platform for sustainable concrete with recyclable materials, to discover practical and feasible methods for the carbon reduction of the concrete industry, and to promote the sustainable development of the construction industry.

This Special Issue welcomes research papers and review papers. The research topics of this special issue include but are not limited to the following:

Supplementary cementitious materials

Recycled aggregate

Carbonation curing

Low-carbon cement and concrete

Material design considering CO2 emission

Durability and sustainability

Alkali activated cement and concrete

Mineral admixtures


Supplementary cementitious materials; Recycled aggregate; Carbonation curing; Low-carbon cement and concrete; Material design considering CO2 emission; Alkali activated cement and concrete; Mineral admixtures; Durability; Sustainability

Published Papers

  • Open Access


    Mechanical Properties and Durability of Sustainable Concrete Manufactured Using Ceramic Waste: A Review

    Peng Zhang, Peishuo Zhang, Jingjiang Wu, Zhenhui Guo, Yong Zhang, Yuanxun Zheng
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.2, pp. 937-974, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.023290
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Sustainable Concrete with Recyclable Materials)
    Abstract Green and sustainable concrete has attracted significant attention from the construction industry and researchers since it was proposed. The ceramic waste materials are often directly buried in the ground or placed in an open dump, and the accumulation of ceramic waste contributes to environmental pollution, which makes the recycling of ceramic waste quite urgent. Owing to the pozzolanic activity, excellent mechanical properties and durability, industrial ceramic waste is considered as a suitable substitute for cement or natural aggregates to fabricate renewable concrete. In this paper, the pozzolanic activity of ceramic waste and the workability, mechanical performance, and durability of ceramic… More >

  • Open Access


    Workability and Durability of Concrete Incorporating Waste Tire Rubber: A Review

    Peng Zhang, Xixi Wang, Juan Wang, Tianhang Zhang
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.2, pp. 745-776, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.022846
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Sustainable Concrete with Recyclable Materials)
    Abstract Environmental problems caused by waste tires are becoming increasingly prominent. There is an urgent need to find a green way to dispose of waste tires, and scholars have made considerable efforts in this regard. In the construction industry, rubber extracted from waste tires can be added to concrete to alleviate environmental problems to a certain extent. As a new building material, rubber concrete has superior properties compared to ordinary concrete and has been widely used in many fields. Numerous studies have been conducted worldwide to investigate the effect of waste tire rubber on the performance of concrete. It has been… More >

  • Open Access


    Preparation and Performance of n-Dodecane Microencapsulated Phase Change Cold Storage Materials

    Pan Zhang, Lingling Xu, Xin Shi, Zemeng Guo, Jiajia Cheng
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.2, pp. 689-705, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.022232
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Sustainable Concrete with Recyclable Materials)
    Abstract Cold chain transportation is currently a hot research topic. Since the traditional refrigeration methods lead to the consumption of large amounts of energy, the search for new energy storage materials is a major trend. In the present contribution, n-dodecane/PMMA microencapsulated phase change materials were prepared by suspension polymerization for ice-temperature cold chain transportation and their preparation parameters were explored using the encapsulation ratio as optimization indicator. The results show that the n-dodecane-containing microcapsules have a maximum encapsulation ratio of 93.2% when using a core-to-wall ratio of 3:1, 5% of emulsifier, 30% of crosslinker, and 2000 rpm of emulsification speed. The phase… More >

  • Open Access


    Mechanical Properties of Self-Compacting Rubberized Concrete with Different Rubber Types under Triaxial Compression

    Chunli Meng, Weishu Fu, Jianzeng Shen, Yisheng Su, Chunying Ye
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.2, pp. 581-598, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.022074
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Sustainable Concrete with Recyclable Materials)
    Abstract Different rubber aggregates lead to changes in the effect of stress conditions on the mechanical behavior of concrete, and studies on the triaxial properties of self-compacting rubber concrete (SCRC) are rare. In this study, 35 cylindrical specimens taking lateral stress and rubber type as variables were prepared to study the fresh properties and mechanical behaviors of SCRC under triaxial compression, where the rubber contains two types, i.e., 380 μm rubber powder and 1–4 mm rubber particles, and four contents, i.e., 10%, 20% and 30%. The test results demonstrated that SCRC exhibited a typical oblique shear failure mode under triaxial compression… More >

    Graphic Abstract

    Mechanical Properties of Self-Compacting Rubberized Concrete with Different Rubber Types under Triaxial Compression

  • Open Access


    Analysis of the Relationship between Mechanical Properties and Pore Structure of MSW Incineration Bottom Ash Fine Aggregate Concrete after Freeze-Thaw Cycles Based on the Gray Theory

    Peng Zhang, Dongsheng Shi, Ping Han, Wenchao Jiang
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.11, No.2, pp. 669-688, 2023, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.022192
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Sustainable Concrete with Recyclable Materials)
    Abstract The destruction of concrete building materials in severely cold regions of the north is more severely affected by freeze-thaw cycles, and the relationship between the mechanical properties and pore structure of concrete with fine aggregate from municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration bottom ash after freeze-thaw cycles is analyzed under the degree of freeze-thaw hazard variation. In this paper, the gray correlation method is used to calculate the correlation between the relative dynamic elastic modulus, compressive strength, and microscopic porosity parameters to speculate on the most important factors affecting their changes. The GM (1,1) model was established based on the compressive… More >

  • Open Access


    CO2 and Cost-Based Optimum Design of Sustainable Metakaolin-Modified Concrete

    Xiaoyong Wang
    Journal of Renewable Materials, Vol.10, No.9, pp. 2431-2450, 2022, DOI:10.32604/jrm.2022.020829
    (This article belongs to this Special Issue: Sustainable Concrete with Recyclable Materials)
    Abstract Metakaolin is a highly reactive pozzolanic material that is widely utilized for enhancing the performance of concrete. This study offers a framework for the mixture design of sustainable metakaolin-modified concrete with low CO2 emissions and low costs. Different design strengths after 28 days are first formulated, with values such as 30, 40, 50, and 60 MPa. A genetic algorithm is then used to determine the optimal mixtures. Minimized CO2 and cost are set as the aims of the genetic algorithm. The strength of the concrete, its workability (slump), and carbonation service life with climate change are set as constraints of the… More >

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