Vol.7, No.12, 2019, pp.1279-1293, doi:10.32604/jrm.2019.07609
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ARTICLE
Electrochemical Performance of Starch-Polyaniline Nanocomposites Synthesized By Sonochemical Process Intensification
  • Narsimha Pandi1, Shirish H. Sonawane1,*, Sarang P. Gumfekar2, Anand Kishore Kola1, Pramod H. Borse3, Swapnil B. Ambade4, Sripadh Guptha1, Muthupandian Ashokkumar5
1 Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, Telangana, India.
2 Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
3 International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Balapur PO, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
4 Department of Organic and Nano Engineering, Hanyang University 222, Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul, Korea.
5 Department of Chemistry, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
* Corresponding Author: Shirish H. Sonawane. Email: shirish@nitw.ac.in.
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Developments on Biobased Materials and Composites)
Abstract
The present study deals with the intensified synthesis of starchpolyaniline (starch-PANI) nanocomposite using an ultrasound-assisted method. Starch is a key component in this nanocomposite, which acts as a backbone of the nucleation of PANI. The Electrochemical property of the nanocomposite arises due to the addition of PANI. This is one of green approach for the synthesis of bio nanocomposite using ultrasound. The crystallinity of the composite is evaluated using the Scherrer Formula. The starch-PANI nanocomposite was characterized by XRD, FT-IR, Raman, XPS and TEM. The composite nanoparticles show spherical morphology. The elemental composition of starch-PANI showed O 1s peak at 546 eV, N 1s peak at 416 eV, C 1s peak at 286 eV and S 1s peak at 176 eV. The electrochemical studies of the starch-PANI electrodes are evaluated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge/discharge (GCD), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Starch-PANI electrode has shown the maximum specific capacitance of 499.5 F/g at 5 mV/s scan rate.
Keywords
Starch; polyaniline; sonochemical synthesis; ultrasound; biocomposite; electrochemical analysis; supercapacitor
Cite This Article
Pandi, N., Sonawane, S. H., Gumfekar, S. P., Kola, A. K., Borse, P. H. et al. (2019). Electrochemical Performance of Starch-Polyaniline Nanocomposites Synthesized By Sonochemical Process Intensification. Journal of Renewable Materials, 7(12), 1279–1293.
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