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Electrochemical Performance of Starch-Polyaniline Nanocomposites Synthesized By Sonochemical Process Intensification

Narsimha Pandi1, Shirish H. Sonawane1,*, Sarang P. Gumfekar2, Anand Kishore Kola1, Pramod H. Borse3, Swapnil B. Ambade4, Sripadh Guptha1, Muthupandian Ashokkumar5

1 Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, Telangana, India.
2 Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
3 International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials, Balapur PO, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.
4 Department of Organic and Nano Engineering, Hanyang University 222, Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul, Korea.
5 Department of Chemistry, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

* Corresponding Author: Shirish H. Sonawane. Email: email.

(This article belongs to the Special Issue: Recent Developments on Biobased Materials and Composites)

Journal of Renewable Materials 2019, 7(12), 1279-1293. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.07609

Abstract

The present study deals with the intensified synthesis of starchpolyaniline (starch-PANI) nanocomposite using an ultrasound-assisted method. Starch is a key component in this nanocomposite, which acts as a backbone of the nucleation of PANI. The Electrochemical property of the nanocomposite arises due to the addition of PANI. This is one of green approach for the synthesis of bio nanocomposite using ultrasound. The crystallinity of the composite is evaluated using the Scherrer Formula. The starch-PANI nanocomposite was characterized by XRD, FT-IR, Raman, XPS and TEM. The composite nanoparticles show spherical morphology. The elemental composition of starch-PANI showed O 1s peak at 546 eV, N 1s peak at 416 eV, C 1s peak at 286 eV and S 1s peak at 176 eV. The electrochemical studies of the starch-PANI electrodes are evaluated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge/discharge (GCD), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Starch-PANI electrode has shown the maximum specific capacitance of 499.5 F/g at 5 mV/s scan rate.

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APA Style
Pandi, N., Sonawane, S.H., Gumfekar, S.P., Kola, A.K., Borse, P.H. et al. (2019). Electrochemical performance of starch-polyaniline nanocomposites synthesized by sonochemical process intensification. Journal of Renewable Materials, 7(12), 1279-1293. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.07609
Vancouver Style
Pandi N, Sonawane SH, Gumfekar SP, Kola AK, Borse PH, Ambade SB, et al. Electrochemical performance of starch-polyaniline nanocomposites synthesized by sonochemical process intensification. J Renew Mater. 2019;7(12):1279-1293 https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.07609
IEEE Style
N. Pandi et al., "Electrochemical Performance of Starch-Polyaniline Nanocomposites Synthesized By Sonochemical Process Intensification," J. Renew. Mater., vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 1279-1293. 2019. https://doi.org/10.32604/jrm.2019.07609

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cc This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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